search.noResults

search.searching

note.createNoteMessage

search.noResults

search.searching

orderForm.title

orderForm.productCode
orderForm.description
orderForm.quantity
orderForm.itemPrice
orderForm.price
orderForm.totalPrice
orderForm.deliveryDetails.billingAddress
orderForm.deliveryDetails.deliveryAddress
orderForm.noItems
FEATURE SPONSOR


SUPPORT SERVICES


FIXED AND FLOATING, KNOCK FOR KNOCK


Operating a supply vessel in the offshore energy sector has its risks. Collisions with fixed and floating objects (‘FFOs’) are one of those risks.


A ‘fixed object’ includes harbour, quay, dock, pier, jetty, crane or bridge or a fixed offshore platform, subsea pipeline or cable. A ‘floating object’ will include a buoy or a semi-submersible drilling rig.


OBLIGATION


Owners have an obligation, both through their agents and personally to ensure that in operating the vessel it does not cause damage to other people’s property. There is a presumption that when a vessel, which is in motion, strikes a fixed object, that the vessel is at fault.


Pilots, even mandatory ones, are caught by the definition of agent and as such even if it is the pilot who makes an error, which causes the damage, it will be the ship owner (or their P&I Club) who is required to make good the damage.


PILOTAGE ACT


Furthermore, even if negligence of the pilot can be established, under Section 22 (1) of the Pilotage Act 1987 liability of a pilot for loss or damage does not exceed £1,000 and the amount of the pilotage charges in respect of the voyage during which the liability arose. Most claims for damage to FFO will vastly exceed this. Should a vessel strike an FFO of


a third party the only real area for negotiation will be the level of damage suffered. Repairs which may have been carried out may not have been the most appropriate or cost efficient.


KNOCK FOR KNOCK


However, in certain circumstances it may be possible for owners to avoid liability under ‘Knock for Knock’ agreements


contained within a vessel hire contract. The Towcon 2008, Towhire 2008, Supplytime 1989 and 2005 all have such provisions, which operate to exclude the liability of Owners of a Vessel which damages Charterers’ property.


PROCEDURES


If damage is caused to an FFO by a vessel striking it, it is important that good records of the incident are retained, that the vessel’s P&I Club are notified and that the contract that the vessel is operating under is scrutinised.


Duncan McGregor Associate Birketts LLP


www.windenergynetwork.co.uk


59


SPOTLIGHT ON EAST OF ENGLAND


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100