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research round-up
run with it
A study involving more than
100,000 people shows that
long-distance runners are less
likely to have metabolic
syndrome. We fi nd out more
P
eople who regularly run long
distances can help prevent
the onset of metabolic
syndrome – a group of
medical disorders that can increase
the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular
disease – according to study published in
Medicine Science in Sports & Exercise.
The study, by the University of
California, was based on more than
© IST
62,000 men and 45,000 women. It looked
OCKPHO
at high cholesterol, high blood pressure
and diabetes – the triad comprising
T
O
metabolic syndrome – and found that
.COM/OLEG PRIKHODK
improvements in these conditions
correlated with increases in the average
number of marathons run each year.
It was also suggested that even those
who didn’t run marathons, but who
included longer runs in their exercise
O
regimes, were less likely to have the Running long distances can lower your risk of diabetes and heart problems
three conditions of metabolic syndrome.
medications for blood pressure, thyroid and 3.8 per cent of men and 1.5 per cent
gathering data conditions, cholesterol levels or diabetes. of women two or more marathons a year.
Data for the study came from surveys A total of 31.7 per cent of men and 29.1
filled out in 1991 and 2000 for the US per cent of women said they ran between the results
National Runners Health Study. The 0.2 and 0.8 marathons a year; 8.6 per As the average number of marathons ran
surveys solicited details on demographics, cent of men and 4.4 per cent of women by men increased, the likelihood of them
diet, running and weight history, and between 1.0 and 1.8 marathons a year; taking medication decreased compared
to non-marathon runners. The biggest
difference was in men who ran two or
longer runs can make a difference more marathons a year: they had 41 per
cent lower use of anti-hypertensive
T
he good news from the cholesterol lowering medications, and medication, 32 per cent lower use of
research is that people don’t 65 per cent lower odds of requiring cholesterol-lowering medication and 87
necessarily have to run anti-diabetic medications. per cent lower use of anti-diabetic
marathons to make a difference to Study author Paul Williams says: medication. There was insufficient data
their health – but the longer the “All forms of regular exercise provide to calculate the difference among women.
weekly run, the better. health benefi ts, but these data suggest Data was also gathered on marathon
Compared with men whose there may be heightened benefi ts for and 10km finishing times. The slower the
longest weekly run was 5km or those who make exceptional effort men ran marathons, the greater their odds
less, those running over 15km had and commitment. Not everyone is of using high blood pressure and
39 per cent lower odds of needing going to run marathons, but most can cholesterol medication. This significance
anti-hypertensive medications, 34 probably exercise a lot more than was lost when times were adjusted for
per cent lower odds of needing they are currently doing.” 10km performances. Slower women were
more likely to use anti-diabetic medication.
46 Read Health Club Management online november/december 2009 © cybertrek 2009
healthclubmanagement.co.uk/digital
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