This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
Fig. 6. Pictured is the loca- tion of the sand cores on the standard base plate.


图6:标准底盘上的砂 芯位置。


num parts were supported by three flexible points. Tree arms were adjustable in X, Y and Z directions to ensure all parts within a product family (i.e., swing arms) can be added to the pallet. Te implementation presents an integrated solution in which no part must be replaced when the pallet is converted. Aluminum part location pins were adjustable in the height (Z) and longitudinal direction (X). Te arms also could be turned around the Z axis of the tubes and rotated indepen- dently. When arms were properly adjusted in all directions, they had to be fixed in this position. 


三个方向上进行调整,保证同一个产品系列内的所 有铸件可以放入托盘内。这一方案是集成的解决方 案,也就是在更换托盘时,不需要更换其他配件。 铝合金铸件的定位销在高度(Z)和长度(X)上 可以调节。摇臂也可以围绕Z轴反向转动和独立旋 转。当摇臂在所有方向适当调整后,它们必须锁紧 固定在一个位置。


process and changes in raw materials used in producing these products. Machine Flexibility—Te ease of making the changes


required to produce a given set of part types. In foundry automation context, the term “machine,” for example, could refer to an assembly robot. Te machine provides the basic framework for flexibility. Part Handling Flexibility—Te ability to move different


part types efficiently for proper positioning and processing through the manufacturing facility. Tis definition includes loading and unloading of parts, transporting parts from machine to machine, and eventually storing the parts under varying conditions in the manufacturing facility. Enhanced layouts, more space, cleaner environments, improved ergo- nomics and the use of autonomous work groups improve material handling flexibility in assembly environments. Production Flexibility—Te universe of part types that


a manufacturing system can produce without adding major capital equipment. Operation Flexibility—Te ability to handle several parts


of varying profiles. Operation flexibility of a part also could refer to its ability to be produced in different ways. Opera- tion flexibility means the part can be produced with alternate process plans. Response Flexibility—Te ease of moving from one


manufacturing system configuration to another within the existing capability and capacity envelope. Part Routing Flexibility—Te dynamic assignment of


parts to machines or the rerouting of a given part if the machine used in its manufacture is incapacitated. Routing flexibility also gives the ability to handle breakdowns and to continue producing a given set of part types. 


响车间的布局有4个方面:产品组合变化、产品产量 变化、工艺变化以及原材料变化。


设备柔性——按照要求变化生产出所需的产品类 型。在铸造生产自动化发展的背景下,“设备”应该 指的是组装机器人。这样的设备为生产的基本系统提 供柔性。


部件运输柔性——将不同的部件类型有效地运 输,使它们在生产设备上进行合适的定位和加工的 能力。该定义包括装卸部件、部件在设备之间的运输 以及最后在不同条件下储存。改善车间布局、空间更 大、环境更加清洁、工效提高以及自制的工作组都提 高了装配环境中的材料运输柔性。


生产的柔性——在不需要增加重要固定设备的情 况下,制造系统所能生产的所有类型零部件。 操作柔性——处理几个不同类型部件的能力。操 作柔性指采用不同方式生产该部件的能力。具有操作 柔性意味着该部件可以采用其它方式进行生产。 反应柔性——在现有的产能内,从一个生产系统 配置转变为另一个系统配置的便利性。 部件工艺选择柔性——当所使用的设备不能满足 生产时,部件与设备的动态分配或指定部件的工艺选 择。工艺选择柔性还可以处理故障,以继续生产指定 的部件类型。 


December 2015 FOUNDRY-PLANET.COM | MODERN CASTING | CHINA FOUNDRY ASSOCIATION | 65


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96