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Workshop Nairobi


Seed Name


Ecoflame - toilet that separates solid/liquid waste


Nairobi


Nairobi Nairobi Nairobi


Description


Solid waste management system that recycles waste to produce biogas. This technology produces energy from compost. Portal toilets fit within houses. Waste is baked in a 90 degree parabolic mirror and turned into charcoal. Ecoflame has been in use for a while and has over 10,000 users in Naivasha (??). The product does not smell


Residential rooftop solar energy Catalyst for creating social awareness for energy issues. Addresses SDGs 13, 9, 7, 11. This seed is gaining momentum globally. Example from Pham Binh (Vietnam), Durga Prasad Dawadi (Nepal), and Peter Mburu (Kenya)


Smart energy Rooftop rainwater harvesting


Water/agriculture management in Iran (small grant program by GEF)


Water management Iran to address local community and health. The seed has many small projects to engage communities and farms to prevent dust and sand storms. Addresses SDGs 1, 6, 8, 17. The seed is already established and engaging with government and local communities. This seed is currently operating around the border of Iran and could scale up to neighbouring countries to address desertification. The seeds main weaknesses are its difficulty to link national government and local communities’ civil society. Several actors are involved including the media, government, local communities, private sector, banks/investment.


Nairobi


Protected areas in Madagascar Protected areas in the east of Madagascar for the Credit Carbon, reducing deforestation, and promoting smart climate agriculture. The seed addresses SDGS 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 13, 15. Deforestation is prevented through alternative economic opportunities. The seed’s main weaknesses include the need to promote across the rest of the country the idea of climate smart agriculture, and it is unclear if people will accept new ideas/ approaches. Actors involved include the rural population and local government.


Nairobi Electric cars/Tesla and trucks


This is an established seed that addresses SDGs 3, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13. It is based in EU, US, China, and some ME countries. The seed replaces diesel/gasoline vehicles. With the Tesla app you can get real-time info on the vehicle through the software integration in cars. Particularly promising is that Beijing sells more EVs than regular vehicles with a 40 per cent subsidy of the cost from the government. Three main weaknesses can be identified: (1) energy infrastructure issues if electricity generation comes from coal or fossil fuels, (2) congestion problems can just get worse, (3) rebound effect, (4) competition with e-bikes. Actors involved include business, consumers, and individuals. Superchargers, hydrogen batters (and other tech breakthroughs) could make EVs faster and easier.


Nairobi Innovative public transport


This includes e-ships for public transport and tourism. The seed addresses SDGs 3, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13. It currently in start-up phase and based in Iraq. The ships are to be cheaper for consumers, energy efficient, faster, can alleviate road accidents, reduce congestion, and improve safety. Weaknesses include congestion, potential conflict with water, could conflict with pollution of air, water, waste. Actors involved include business, govt, and individuals.


Nairobi Car and bicycle sharing


This addresses SDGs 3, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13. It is established and in use in at least hundreds of cities (Mobike in 110 cities). The seed uses clean energy, is a low cost solution, and easy to implement/upscale. Major weaknesses include the need for an app/smart phone, too many bikes lead to crowding and accidents. Enabling conditions include infrastructure and critical mass; proper education and respect for cultural issues, many co-benefits for integration with other smart-city initiatives.


Nairobi


E-pay initiatives/cashless systems


This seed addresses SDGs 5, 9, 8, 12. It is established in some countries and a start-up in others, but examples can be found globally. It is innovative as it adds convenience, reduces the need for cash, and allows for easier exchanges. There is a global megatrend towards this seed and can help with sustainable consumption and production. The seed’s main weaknesses are waste and and the increased consumption of solid waste.


Nairobi Reduce packaging


Optional packaging when purchasing goods, package free shops, plastic bag bans, taxes. This seed addresses SDGs 2, 6, 9, 11, 12, 13. It is at the start-up stage and examples can be found in Dresden, Germany and other places. It is innovative and beneficial as it includes: (1) biopackaging from agricultural waste which closes system loops, (2) reduces food waste, (3) incentive alternatives, (4) visible and a good communication tool. It is a very scalable solution. There are three main weaknesses: (1) bulk/wholesale - health/sanitary issues, (2) alternatives to plastics could be worse and potentially increase the amount of bags used, (3) compostable/biopackaging needs inputs that add stress to agriculture. Actors involved include citizens and governments, business, urban shops and retailers.


652 The Sixth Global Environment Outlook


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