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Hegazy, I., Seddik, W. and Ibrahim, H. (2017). Towards green cities in developing countries: Egyptian new cities as a case study. International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies 12(4), 358-368. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijlct/ctx009.


Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Mumby, P.J., Hooten, A.J., Steneck, R.S., Greenfield, P., Gomez, E. et al. (2007). Coral reefs under rapid climate change and ocean acidification. Science 318(5857), 1737-1742. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1152509.


Hoffmann, M., Brooks, T.M., Butchart, S.H.M., Gregory, R.D. and McRae, L. (2018). Trends in biodiversity: Vertebrates. Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene 3, 175-184. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978- 0-12-809665-9.09963-8.


Houspanossian, J., Giménez, R., Jobbágy, E. and Nosetto, M. (2017). Surface albedo raise in the South American Chaco: Combined effects of deforestation and agricultural changes. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 232, 118-127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agrformet.2016.08.015.


Hughes, K.A., Cowan, D.A. and Wilmotte, A. (2015). Protection of Antarctic microbial communities– ‘out of sight, out of mind’. Frontiers in microbiology 6(151). https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2015.00151.


Hughes, T.P., Kerry, J.T., Álvarez-Noriega, M., Álvarez-Romero, J.G., Anderson, K.D., Baird, A.H. et al. (2017). Global warming and recurrent mass bleaching of corals. Nature 543(7645), https://doi.org/10.1038/nature21707.


Hunt, S.K., Galatowitsch, M.L. and McIntosh, A.R. (2017). Interactive effects of land use, temperature, and predators determine native and invasive mosquito distributions. Freshwater Biology 62(9), 1564- 1577. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.12967.


Hussain, R.I., Walcher, R., Brandl, D., Arnberger, A., Zaller, J.G. and Frank, T. (2018). Efficiency of two methods of sampling used to assess the abundance and species diversity of adult Syrphidae (Diptera) in mountainous meadows in the Austrian and Swiss Alps. European Journal of Entomology 115, 150-156. https://doi.org/10.14411/eje.2018.014.


Hussain, R.I., Walcher, R., Brandl, D., Jernej, I., Arnberger, A., Zaller, J.G. et al. (2017). Influence of abandonment on syrphid assemblages in mountainous meadows. Journal of Applied Entomology 142(4), 450-456. https://doi.org/10.1111/jen.12482.


Innis, L. and Simcock, A. (eds.) (2016). The First Global Integrated Marine Assessment: World Ocean Assessment I. New York, NY. http://www.un.org/depts/los/global_reporting/WOA_RegProcess.htm.


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2013). Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Stocker, T.F., Qin, D., Plattner, G.-K., Tignor, M., Allen, S.K., Boschung, J. et al. (eds.). Cambridge. https://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/wg1/.


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2014). Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Edenhofer, O., Pichs-Madruga, R., Sokona, Y., Farahani, E., Kadner, S., Seyboth, K. et al. (eds.). Cambridge. https://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/assessment-report/ar5/wg3/ipcc_wg3_ ar5_frontmatter.pdf.


Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (2013). Decision IPBES-2/4: Conceptual framework for the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, 9 https://www.ipbes.net/sites/default/files/downloads/Decision%20IPBES_2_4.pdf


Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (2016). The Assessment Report of The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services on Pollinators, Pollination and Food Production. Potts, S.G., Imperatriz-Fonseca, V.L. and Ngo, H.T. (eds.). Bonn. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Jean_Michel_Salles/ publication/311486448_The_assessment_report_of_the_Intergovernmental_Science-Policy_ Platform_on_Biodiversity_and_Ecosystem_Services_on_pollinators_pollination_and_food_production/ links/58c27ef145851538eb7e6958/The-assessment-report-of-the-Intergovernmental-Science-Policy- Platform-on-Biodiversity-and-Ecosystem-Services-on-pollinators-pollination-and-food-production. pdf?origin=publication_detail.


International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (2011). Glacial Lakes and Glacial Lake Outburst Floods in Nepal. Kathmandu. http://www.icimod.org/dvds/201104_GLOF/reports/ final_report.pdf.


International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (2016). From Uniformity to Diversity: A Paradigm Shift from Industrial Agriculture to Diversified Agroecological Systems. http://www.ipes-food. org/images/Reports/UniformityToDiversity_FullReport.pdf.


International Union for Conservation of Nature (2010). Plants Under Pressure, A Global Assessment. The First Report of the IUCN Sampled Red List. Kew: Royal Botanical Gardens, Natural History Museum and International Union for Conservation of Nature. https://www.kew.org/sites/default/files/ kppcont_027304.pdf.


International Union for Conservation of Nature (2017a). The Red List Index. https://www.iucn.org/ theme/species/our-work/iucn-red-list-threatened-species/red-list-index.


International Union for Conservation of Nature (2017b). IUCN Red List of Ecosystems. [https://iucnrle. org/ (Accessed: October 2 2017).


International Union for Conservation of Nature (2017c). Grasslands. [https://www.iucn.org/theme/ protected-areas/wcpa/what-we-do/grasslands (Accessed: 12 June 2017).


International Union for Conservation of Nature (2018). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-1. http://www.iucnredlist.org (Accessed: June 9 2017).


Johansen, J.L. and Jones, G.P. (2011). Increasing ocean temperature reduces the metabolic performance and swimming ability of coral reef damselfishes. Global Change Biology 17(9), 2971- 2979. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02436.x.


Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (2015). Sources, Fate and Effects of Microplastics in The Marine Environment: A Global Assessment. Kershaw, P.J. (ed.). London: International Maritime Organization. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/marine/good- environmental-status/descriptor-10/pdf/GESAMP_microplastics%20full%20study.pdf.


Jones, K.R., Venter, O., Fuller, R.A., Allan, J.R., Maxwell, S.L., Negret, P.J. et al. (2018). One-third of global protected land is under intense human pressure. Science 360(6390), 788. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aap9565.


Karesh, W.B., Dobson, A., Lloyd-Smith, J.O., Lubroth, J., Dixon, M.A., Bennett, M. et al. (2012). Ecology of zoonoses: natural and unnatural histories. The Lancet 380(9857), 1936-1945. https://doi. org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61678-X.


Keesing, F. and Young, T.P. (2014). Cascading consequences of the loss of large mammals in an African savanna. BioScience 64(6), 487-495. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biu059.


Kehoe, L., Romero-Muñoz, A., Polaina, E., Estes, L., Kreft, H. and Kuemmerle, T. (2017). Biodiversity at risk under future cropland expansion and intensification. Nature Ecology & Evolution 1(8), 1129-1135. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-017-0234-3.


Keith, D.A., Rodríguez, J.P., Brooks, T.M., Burgman, M.A., Barrow, E.G., Bland, L. et al. (2015). The IUCN red list of ecosystems: motivations, challenges, and applications. Conservation Letters 8(3), 214-226. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12167.


Keith, D.A., Rodríguez, J.P., Rodríguez-Clark, K.M., Nicholson, E., Aapala, K., Alonso, A. et al. (2013). Scientific foundations for an IUCN red list of ecosystems. PloS one 8(5), e62111. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062111.


Kelly, T.R., Karesh, W.B., Johnson, C.K., Gilardi, K.V.K., Anthony, S.J., Goldstein, T. et al. (2017). One Health proof of concept: Bringing a transdisciplinary approach to surveillance for zoonotic viruses at the human-wild animal interface. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 137, 112-118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2016.11.023.


Kettunen, M., Genovesi, P., Gollasch, S., Pagad, S., Starfinger, U., ten Brink, P. et al. (2008). Technical support to EU strategy on invasive species (IS) - Assessment of the impacts of IS in Europe and the EU (final module report for the European Commission). Brussels: Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP). http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/invasivealien/docs/Kettunen2009_IAS_ Task%201.pdf


Khan, S.M., Page, S.E., Ahmad, H. and Harper, D.M. (2013). Sustainable utilization and conservation of plant biodiversity in montane ecosystems: The western Himalayas as a case study. Annals of botany 112(3), 479-501. https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mct125.


Kharouba, H.M., Ehrlén, J., Gelman, A., Bolmgren, K., Allen, J.M., Travers, S.E. et al. (2018). Global shifts in the phenological synchrony of species interactions over recent decades. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115(20), 5211-5216. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1714511115.


Khoury, C.K., Bjorkman, A.D., Dempewolf, H., Ramirez-Villegas, J., Guarino, L., Jarvis, A. et al. (2014). Increasing homogeneity in global food supplies and the implications for food security. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111(11), 4001-4006. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1313490111.


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Knapp, S., Schweiger, O., Kraberg, A., Asmus, H., Asmus, R., Brey, T. et al. (2017). Do drivers of biodiversity change differ in importance across marine and terrestrial systems—Or is it just different research communities’ perspectives? Science of the Total Environment 574, 191-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.002.


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Kumsa, T. and Gorfu, B. (2014). Beekeeping as integrated watershed conservation and climatic change adaptation: An action research in Boredo watershed. Journal of Earth Science and Climate Changes 5(7), 213. https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7617.1000213.


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Lavoie, R.A., Jardine, T.D., Chumchal, M.M., Kidd, K.A. and Campbell, L.M. (2013). Biomagnification of mercury in aquatic food webs: A worldwide meta-analysis. Environmental science & technology 47(23), 13385-13394. https://doi.org/10.1021/es403103t.


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Li, Y., Hallerman, E.M., Liu, Q., Wu, K. and Peng, Y. (2015). The development and status of Bt rice in China. Plant Biotechnology Journal 14(3), 839-848. https://doi.org/10.1111/pbi.12464.


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Lyver, P., Perez, E., Carneiro da Cunha, M. and Roué, M. (eds.) (2015). Indigenous and Local Knowledge About Pollination and Pollinators Associated With Food Production: Outcomes From the Global Dialogue Workshop. http://www.unesco.org/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/SC/pdf/IPBES_Pollination- Pollinators_Workshop.pdf.


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Scientific Conference. Bonn, 9-12 April


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170 State of the Global Environment


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