This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
Vecchiato, M., Argiriadis, E., Zambon, S., Barbante, C., Toscano, G., Gambaro, A. et al. (2015). Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in Antarctica: Occurrence in continental and coastal surface snow. Microchemical Journal 119, 75-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.microc.2014.10.010.


Vet, R., Artz, R.S., Carou, S., Shaw, M., Ro, C.-U., Aas, W. et al. (2014). A global assessment of precipitation chemistry and deposition of sulfur, nitrogen, sea salt, base cations, organic acids, acidity and pH, and phosphorus. Atmospheric Environment 93, 3-100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. atmosenv.2013.10.060.


Vidal, J. (2016). ‘Clouds of filth envelop Asian cities: ‘you can’t escape’’. The Guardian 22 November 2017 https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2016/nov/22/cloud-filth-envelope-asian- cities-urban-smog-air-pollution-india-china.


Villeneuve, P.J., Weichenthal, S.A., Crouse, D., Miller, A.B., To, T., Martin, R.V. et al. (2015). Long-term exposure to fine particulate matter air pollution and mortality among Canadian women. Epidemiology 26(4), 536-545. https://doi.org/10.1097/ede.0000000000000294.


Vinken, G.C.M., Boersma, K.F., Maasakkers, J.D., Adon, M. and Martin, R.V. (2014). Worldwide biogenic soil NOx emissions inferred from OMI NO2 observations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14(18), 10363-10381. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-14-10363-2014.


Vizcaino, E., Grimalt, J.O., Fernandez-Somoano, A. and Tardon, A. (2014). Transport of persistent organic pollutants across the human placenta. Environment International 65, 107-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.01.004.


Waste Atlas Partnership (2014). Waste Atlas: The World’s 50 Biggest Dumpsites: 2014 Report. http://www.atlas.d-waste.com/Documents/Waste-Atlas-report-2014-webEdition.pdf.


Watt, J., Tidblad, J., Kucera, V. and Hamilton, R. (eds.) (2009). The Effects of Air Pollution on Cultural Heritage. New York, NY: Springer. http://www.springer.com/gp/book/9780387848921.


Watts, N., Amann, M., Ayeb-Karlsson, S., Belesova, K., Bouley, T., Boykoff, M. et al. (2017). The Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: from 25 years of inaction to a global transformation for public health. The Lancet. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32464-9.


Wijedasa, L.S., Jauhiainen, J., Kononen, M., Lampela, M., Vasander, H., Leblanc, M.C. et al. (2017). Denial of long-term issues with agriculture on tropical peatlands will have devastating consequences. Global Change Biology 23(3), 977-982. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13516.


Women in Europe for a Common Future and Women International for a Common Future (2016). Women And Chemicals - The Impact Of Hazardous Chemicals On Women. Women in Europe for a Common Future (WECF) and Women International for a Common Future (WICF). http://www.wecf.eu/download/2016/March/WomenAndChemicals_PublicationIWD2016.pdf.


Wooster, M.J., Perry, G.L.W. and Zoumas, A. (2012). Fire, drought and El Niño relationships on Borneo (Southeast Asia) in the pre-MODIS era (1980–2000). Biogeosciences 9, 317-340. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-9-317-2012.


World Bank and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (2016). The Cost of Air Pollution: Strengthening the Economic Case for Action. Washington, DC.: World Bank. http:// documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/781521473177013155/pdf/108141-REVISED-Cost-of- PollutionWebCORRECTEDfile.pdf.


World Health Assembly of the World Health Organization (2015). Health and the Environment: Addressing the Health Impact of Air Pollution. WHA68.8. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/ handle/10665/253237/A68_R8-en.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y.


World Health Organization (2004). Global Health Risks: Mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable To Selected Major Risks. Geneva: World Health Organization. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/ handle/10665/44203/9789241563871_eng.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y.


World Health Organization (2006). Air Quality Guidelines: Global Update 2005. Copenhagen: World Health Organization. http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/78638/E90038.pdf?ua=1.


World Health Organization (2007). Indoor Air Pollution: National Burden of Disease Estimates. Geneva: World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/airpollution/publications/nationalburden/en/.


World Health Organization (2013). Review of Evidence on Health Aspects of Air Pollution – REVIHAAP Project: Technical Report. Copenhagen: World Health Organization http://www.euro.who.int/__data/ assets/pdf_file/0004/193108/REVIHAAP-Final-technical-report-final-version.pdf?ua=1.


World Health Organization (2014). Gender, Climate Change and Health. Geneva: World Health Organization. http://www.who.int/globalchange/publications/reports/gender_climate_change/en/.


World Health Organization (2015). Economic Cost Of The Health Impact Of Air Pollution In Europe: Clean Air, Health And Wealth. Copenhagen: World Health Organization. http://www.euro.who.int/__ data/assets/pdf_file/0004/276772/Economic-cost-health-impact-air-pollution-en.pdf.


World Health Organization (2016a). Ambient Air Pollution: A Global Assessment of Exposure and Burden of Disease. Geneva. http://www.who.int/phe/publications/air-pollution-global-assessment/ en/.


World Health Organization (2016b). Burning Opportunity: Clean Household Energy for Health, Sustainable Development and Well-Being of Women and Children. Geneva. http://apps.who.int/iris/ bitstream/handle/10665/204717/9789241565233_eng.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y.


World Health Organization (2018). Health Topics: Air Pollution. [http://www.who.int/airpollution/en/ (Accessed: 4 October 2018).


World Meteorological Organization (2014). Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2014. Geneva. http://www.wmo.int/pages/prog/arep/gaw/ozone_2014/documents/Full_report_2014_Ozone_ Assessment.pdf.


World Meteorological Organization (2017a). WMO Greenhouse Gas Bulletin: The State of Greenhouse Gases in the Atmosphere Based on Global Observations through 2016. Geneva: World Meteorological Organization. https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/GHG_Bulletin_12_EN_web_ JN161640.pdf.


World Meteorological Organization (2017b). Sand and Dust Storm Warning Advisory and Assessment System. WMO Airborne Dust BulletinWorld Meteorological Organization. https://library.wmo.int/ doc_num.php?explnum_id=3416.


World Meteorological Organization (2017c). WMO Statement on the State of the Global Climate. Geneva: World Meteorological Organization. https://library.wmo.int/doc_num.php?explnum_id=4453.


Xia, Y., Guan, D., Jiang, X., Peng, L., Schroeder, H. and Zhang, Q. (2016). Assessment of socioeconomic costs to China’s air pollution. Atmospheric Environment 139, 147-156. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. atmosenv.2016.05.036.


Xu, Y. and Ramanathan, V. (2017). Well below 2 °C: Mitigation strategies for avoiding dangerous to catastrophic climate changes. Proceedings of the National Acacemy of Sciences 114(39), 10315- 10323. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1618481114.


York, A. (2018). Marine biogeochemical cycles in a changing world. Nature Reviews Microbiology 16, 259. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro.2018.40.


Zhang, Q., Jiang, X., Tong, D., Davis, S.J., Zhao, H., Geng, G. et al. (2017). Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade. Nature 543(7647), 705-709. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature21712.


Zhang, Y., Cooper, O.R., Gaudel, A., Thompson, A.M., Nedelec, P., Ogino, S.-Y. et al. (2016). Tropospheric ozone change from 1980 to 2010 dominated by equatorward redistribution of emissions. Nature Geoscience 9(12), 875-879. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2827.


Zhao, Y., Zhang, L., Chen, Y., Liu, X., Xu, W., Pan, Y. et al. (2017). Atmospheric nitrogen deposition to China: A model analysis on nitrogen budget and critical load exceedance. Atmospheric Environment 153, 32-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.01.018.


Zheng, B., Tong, D., Li, M., Liu, F., Hong, C., Geng, G. et al. (2018). Trends in China’s anthropogenic emissions since 2010 as the consequence of clean air actions. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18(19), 14095-14111. https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-18-14095-2018.


Zivin, J.G. and Neidell, M. (2018). Air pollution’s hidden impacts. Science 359(6371), 39-40. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aap7711.


Zou, Y., Wang, Y., Zhang, Y. and Koo, J.H. (2017). Arctic sea ice, Eurasia snow, and extreme winter haze in China. Science Advances 3(3), e1602751. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1602751.


138 State of the Global Environment


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112  |  Page 113  |  Page 114  |  Page 115  |  Page 116  |  Page 117  |  Page 118  |  Page 119  |  Page 120  |  Page 121  |  Page 122  |  Page 123  |  Page 124  |  Page 125  |  Page 126  |  Page 127  |  Page 128  |  Page 129  |  Page 130  |  Page 131  |  Page 132  |  Page 133  |  Page 134  |  Page 135  |  Page 136  |  Page 137  |  Page 138  |  Page 139  |  Page 140  |  Page 141  |  Page 142  |  Page 143  |  Page 144  |  Page 145  |  Page 146  |  Page 147  |  Page 148  |  Page 149  |  Page 150  |  Page 151  |  Page 152  |  Page 153  |  Page 154  |  Page 155  |  Page 156  |  Page 157  |  Page 158  |  Page 159  |  Page 160  |  Page 161  |  Page 162  |  Page 163  |  Page 164  |  Page 165  |  Page 166  |  Page 167  |  Page 168  |  Page 169  |  Page 170  |  Page 171  |  Page 172  |  Page 173  |  Page 174  |  Page 175  |  Page 176  |  Page 177  |  Page 178  |  Page 179  |  Page 180  |  Page 181  |  Page 182  |  Page 183  |  Page 184  |  Page 185  |  Page 186  |  Page 187  |  Page 188  |  Page 189  |  Page 190  |  Page 191  |  Page 192  |  Page 193  |  Page 194  |  Page 195  |  Page 196  |  Page 197  |  Page 198  |  Page 199  |  Page 200  |  Page 201  |  Page 202  |  Page 203  |  Page 204  |  Page 205  |  Page 206  |  Page 207  |  Page 208  |  Page 209  |  Page 210  |  Page 211  |  Page 212  |  Page 213  |  Page 214  |  Page 215  |  Page 216  |  Page 217  |  Page 218  |  Page 219  |  Page 220  |  Page 221  |  Page 222  |  Page 223  |  Page 224  |  Page 225  |  Page 226  |  Page 227  |  Page 228  |  Page 229  |  Page 230  |  Page 231  |  Page 232  |  Page 233  |  Page 234  |  Page 235  |  Page 236  |  Page 237  |  Page 238  |  Page 239  |  Page 240  |  Page 241  |  Page 242  |  Page 243  |  Page 244  |  Page 245  |  Page 246  |  Page 247  |  Page 248  |  Page 249  |  Page 250  |  Page 251  |  Page 252  |  Page 253  |  Page 254  |  Page 255  |  Page 256  |  Page 257  |  Page 258  |  Page 259  |  Page 260  |  Page 261  |  Page 262  |  Page 263  |  Page 264  |  Page 265  |  Page 266  |  Page 267  |  Page 268  |  Page 269  |  Page 270  |  Page 271  |  Page 272  |  Page 273  |  Page 274  |  Page 275  |  Page 276  |  Page 277  |  Page 278  |  Page 279  |  Page 280  |  Page 281  |  Page 282  |  Page 283  |  Page 284  |  Page 285  |  Page 286  |  Page 287  |  Page 288  |  Page 289  |  Page 290  |  Page 291  |  Page 292  |  Page 293  |  Page 294  |  Page 295  |  Page 296  |  Page 297  |  Page 298  |  Page 299  |  Page 300  |  Page 301  |  Page 302  |  Page 303  |  Page 304  |  Page 305  |  Page 306  |  Page 307  |  Page 308  |  Page 309  |  Page 310  |  Page 311  |  Page 312  |  Page 313  |  Page 314  |  Page 315  |  Page 316  |  Page 317  |  Page 318  |  Page 319  |  Page 320  |  Page 321  |  Page 322  |  Page 323  |  Page 324  |  Page 325  |  Page 326  |  Page 327  |  Page 328  |  Page 329  |  Page 330  |  Page 331  |  Page 332  |  Page 333  |  Page 334  |  Page 335  |  Page 336  |  Page 337  |  Page 338  |  Page 339  |  Page 340  |  Page 341  |  Page 342  |  Page 343  |  Page 344  |  Page 345  |  Page 346  |  Page 347  |  Page 348  |  Page 349  |  Page 350  |  Page 351  |  Page 352  |  Page 353  |  Page 354  |  Page 355  |  Page 356  |  Page 357  |  Page 358  |  Page 359  |  Page 360  |  Page 361  |  Page 362  |  Page 363  |  Page 364  |  Page 365  |  Page 366  |  Page 367  |  Page 368  |  Page 369  |  Page 370  |  Page 371  |  Page 372  |  Page 373  |  Page 374  |  Page 375  |  Page 376  |  Page 377  |  Page 378  |  Page 379  |  Page 380  |  Page 381  |  Page 382  |  Page 383  |  Page 384  |  Page 385  |  Page 386  |  Page 387  |  Page 388  |  Page 389  |  Page 390  |  Page 391  |  Page 392  |  Page 393  |  Page 394  |  Page 395  |  Page 396  |  Page 397  |  Page 398  |  Page 399  |  Page 400  |  Page 401  |  Page 402  |  Page 403  |  Page 404  |  Page 405  |  Page 406  |  Page 407  |  Page 408  |  Page 409  |  Page 410  |  Page 411  |  Page 412  |  Page 413  |  Page 414  |  Page 415  |  Page 416  |  Page 417  |  Page 418  |  Page 419  |  Page 420  |  Page 421  |  Page 422  |  Page 423  |  Page 424  |  Page 425  |  Page 426  |  Page 427  |  Page 428  |  Page 429  |  Page 430  |  Page 431  |  Page 432  |  Page 433  |  Page 434  |  Page 435  |  Page 436  |  Page 437  |  Page 438  |  Page 439  |  Page 440  |  Page 441  |  Page 442  |  Page 443  |  Page 444  |  Page 445  |  Page 446  |  Page 447  |  Page 448  |  Page 449  |  Page 450  |  Page 451  |  Page 452  |  Page 453  |  Page 454  |  Page 455  |  Page 456  |  Page 457  |  Page 458  |  Page 459  |  Page 460  |  Page 461  |  Page 462  |  Page 463  |  Page 464  |  Page 465  |  Page 466  |  Page 467  |  Page 468  |  Page 469  |  Page 470  |  Page 471  |  Page 472  |  Page 473  |  Page 474  |  Page 475  |  Page 476  |  Page 477  |  Page 478  |  Page 479  |  Page 480  |  Page 481  |  Page 482  |  Page 483  |  Page 484  |  Page 485  |  Page 486  |  Page 487  |  Page 488  |  Page 489  |  Page 490  |  Page 491  |  Page 492  |  Page 493  |  Page 494  |  Page 495  |  Page 496  |  Page 497  |  Page 498  |  Page 499  |  Page 500  |  Page 501  |  Page 502  |  Page 503  |  Page 504  |  Page 505  |  Page 506  |  Page 507  |  Page 508  |  Page 509  |  Page 510  |  Page 511  |  Page 512  |  Page 513  |  Page 514  |  Page 515  |  Page 516  |  Page 517  |  Page 518  |  Page 519  |  Page 520  |  Page 521  |  Page 522  |  Page 523  |  Page 524  |  Page 525  |  Page 526  |  Page 527  |  Page 528  |  Page 529  |  Page 530  |  Page 531  |  Page 532  |  Page 533  |  Page 534  |  Page 535  |  Page 536  |  Page 537  |  Page 538  |  Page 539  |  Page 540  |  Page 541  |  Page 542  |  Page 543  |  Page 544  |  Page 545  |  Page 546  |  Page 547  |  Page 548  |  Page 549  |  Page 550  |  Page 551  |  Page 552  |  Page 553  |  Page 554  |  Page 555  |  Page 556  |  Page 557  |  Page 558  |  Page 559  |  Page 560  |  Page 561  |  Page 562  |  Page 563  |  Page 564  |  Page 565  |  Page 566  |  Page 567  |  Page 568  |  Page 569  |  Page 570  |  Page 571  |  Page 572  |  Page 573  |  Page 574  |  Page 575  |  Page 576  |  Page 577  |  Page 578  |  Page 579  |  Page 580  |  Page 581  |  Page 582  |  Page 583  |  Page 584  |  Page 585  |  Page 586  |  Page 587  |  Page 588  |  Page 589  |  Page 590  |  Page 591  |  Page 592  |  Page 593  |  Page 594  |  Page 595  |  Page 596  |  Page 597  |  Page 598  |  Page 599  |  Page 600  |  Page 601  |  Page 602  |  Page 603  |  Page 604  |  Page 605  |  Page 606  |  Page 607  |  Page 608  |  Page 609  |  Page 610  |  Page 611  |  Page 612  |  Page 613  |  Page 614  |  Page 615  |  Page 616  |  Page 617  |  Page 618  |  Page 619  |  Page 620  |  Page 621  |  Page 622  |  Page 623  |  Page 624  |  Page 625  |  Page 626  |  Page 627  |  Page 628  |  Page 629  |  Page 630  |  Page 631  |  Page 632  |  Page 633  |  Page 634  |  Page 635  |  Page 636  |  Page 637  |  Page 638  |  Page 639  |  Page 640  |  Page 641  |  Page 642  |  Page 643  |  Page 644  |  Page 645  |  Page 646  |  Page 647  |  Page 648  |  Page 649  |  Page 650  |  Page 651  |  Page 652  |  Page 653  |  Page 654  |  Page 655  |  Page 656  |  Page 657  |  Page 658  |  Page 659  |  Page 660  |  Page 661  |  Page 662  |  Page 663  |  Page 664  |  Page 665  |  Page 666  |  Page 667  |  Page 668  |  Page 669  |  Page 670  |  Page 671  |  Page 672  |  Page 673  |  Page 674  |  Page 675  |  Page 676  |  Page 677  |  Page 678  |  Page 679  |  Page 680  |  Page 681  |  Page 682  |  Page 683  |  Page 684  |  Page 685  |  Page 686  |  Page 687  |  Page 688  |  Page 689  |  Page 690  |  Page 691  |  Page 692  |  Page 693  |  Page 694  |  Page 695  |  Page 696  |  Page 697  |  Page 698  |  Page 699  |  Page 700  |  Page 701  |  Page 702  |  Page 703  |  Page 704  |  Page 705  |  Page 706  |  Page 707  |  Page 708  |  Page 709  |  Page 710  |  Page 711  |  Page 712  |  Page 713  |  Page 714  |  Page 715  |  Page 716  |  Page 717  |  Page 718  |  Page 719  |  Page 720  |  Page 721  |  Page 722  |  Page 723  |  Page 724  |  Page 725  |  Page 726  |  Page 727  |  Page 728  |  Page 729  |  Page 730  |  Page 731  |  Page 732  |  Page 733  |  Page 734  |  Page 735  |  Page 736  |  Page 737  |  Page 738  |  Page 739  |  Page 740  |  Page 741  |  Page 742  |  Page 743  |  Page 744
Produced with Yudu - www.yudu.com