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iii. analysing sub-global interventions for shifting to more sustainable futures, as highlighted by sub-global/regional assessments (Figure 23.1).
The analysis of local-level initiatives offers to support global pathways in tangible examples and mechanisms for change – especially when based on initiatives that are already occurring, even if in pilot or niche form. Sub-global assessments offer regional specificity while still providing broadly applicable meso-level context for national and local pathways.
Table 23.1: Different types of assessment model
Global integrated assessment model
v Global context v Integration of many dimensions of change v Simulation of effects of global interventions v Quantification of magnitude of challenges
v Regional contextualization of interventions in terms of physical, economic, political and cultural conditions, challenges, opportunities
Synthesis of local practices v Populating macro-level interventions with the ‘who and how’ – the many actors and innovations that provide feasibility to global and regional pathways
Figure 23.1: Outline of how this chapter’s bottom-up approaches complement the top-down findings of Chapters 21 and 22 and how together they can offer policy insights for Chapter 24
23.6 Investigating the broad landscape of bottom-up initiatives
The broader landscape of bottom-up initiatives not captured in the participatory processes is diverse, but methods for capturing this diversity are limited due to data availability. A range of platforms that collate a variety of environment- and sustainability-related bottom-up initiatives has been identified through an online search and coded. While not exhaustive, Annex 23-1 provides a sample of around 20 bottom-up initiative
Characteristics of model- based scenarios: • Quantification • Simulation • System dynamics
Characteristics of participatory approaches: • Practicality • Relevance • Acceptance
Bottom-up Initiatives and Participatory Approaaches