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TECOMA


625


Taxus YEW


Taxaceae EVERGREEN SHRUBS OR TREES


ZZONES VARY BY SPECIES FPSSUN OR SHADE DO MODERATE TO REGULAR WATER


X FRUIT (SEEDS) AND FOLIAGE ARE POISONOUS IF INGESTED


‘Fastigiata’ (‘Stricta’). IRISH


YEW. Dark green column to 15–30 ft. tall, 3–10 ft. wide. Has larger needles and more crowded, upright branches than the species. Branches tend to spread near top, especially in snowy regions or where mois- ture is plentiful. Branches can be tied together with wire. Plants that outgrow their space can be reduced by heading back and thinning; old wood sprouts freely. There is a form with yel- lowish white variegation. ‘Repandens’. SPREADING ENGLISH YEW. Long, horizontal, spreading branches make 2–4- ft.-tall groundcover; extend to 8–10 ft. after many years. Use- ful low foundation plant. Will arch over a wall. T. cuspidata. JAPANESE


Taxus baccata


Yews are conifers, but they do not bear cones. Instead, they produce fl eshy, scarlet (rarely yellow), cup-shaped, single- seeded, berrylike fruit. In gen- eral, yews are darker green, more formal-looking, and more tolerant of shade and moisture than most cultivated conifers. Long-lived. Only the female plants produce berries, and many do so without male plants nearby. Excellent for hedges and screens. Yews can be moved without harm even when large, but since they grow at a slow to moderate rate, big plants are luxury items. T. baccata. ENGLISH YEW.


Tree or shrub. Zones A3; 3–9, 14–24. From Europe, North Africa, and western Asia. To 25– 40 ft. or taller, 15–25 ft. wide, with broad, low crown. Needles dark green and glossy above, pale beneath; spirally arranged. Far more common than the spe- cies are garden varieties, including the following. ‘Adpressa’. Usually sold as


T. brevifolia, a name correctly belonging to the native Western yew. Dense shrub to 4–5 ft. tall, 6–8 ft. wide. ‘Aurea’. Broad pyramid to


25 ft. tall, 12 ft. wide after many years. New foliage is golden yellow from spring to autumn, then turns green.


YEW. Tree or shrub. Zones A2, A3; 2–6, 14–17. In its native Japan, a tree to 50 ft. tall; in North America, usually seen as a compact, pyramidal tree to 10–25 ft., half as wide. Can be kept lower by pinching new growth. Fruits heavily. Most use- ful yew in cold-winter areas east of Cascades. Will succeed in shaded areas of Rocky Moun- tain gardens. Needles dark green above, tinged yellowish beneath; usually arranged in two rows along twigs to make a fl at or V-shaped spray. ‘Capitata’. Plants sold with this name are probably ordinary T. cuspidata. ‘Nana’. Often sold as T. brevi-


folia. Grows 1–4 in. a year; can reach 3 ft. high, 6 ft. wide in 20 years. Serves as a good low barrier or foundation plant. ‘Nana Aurescens’ has bright yellow new growth. ‘Dwarf Bright Gold’ has yellow foliage and does better than most in full sun. ‘Emerald Spreader’ is a useful groundcover, growing to 30 in. high and 8–10 ft. wide. T. × media. Shrubs. Zones


2–6, 14–17. Group of hybrids between T. baccata and T. cuspi- data; intermediate between the two in color and texture. Of the dozens of selections available, these are among the most widely offered. ‘Brownii’. Compact, rounded plant to 6–8 ft. tall and 8–10 ft. wide. Good dense hedge. ‘Hatfi eldii’. Broad column or


pyramid. Reaches 12 ft. tall and 10 ft. wide after 20 years.


‘Hicksii’. Upright-growing variety to 10–12 ft. tall, 3–4 ft. wide; grows larger with age.


CARE


Yews take many soils but do not thrive in strongly alkaline or strongly acid conditions. Do not take extreme heat, and refl ected heat from a hot south or west wall will burn foliage. Even cold-hardy kinds show needle damage when exposed to dry winds, very low tempera- tures. Can take much shearing and pruning, since they sprout from bare wood. Subject to vine weevils, scale insects, and spi- der mites. During prolonged spells of hot, dry weather, hose off plants every 2 weeks.


Tecoma


Bignoniaceae EVERGREEN SHRUBS, TREES, AND VINES


ZZONES VARY BY SPECIES FP FULL SUN OR LIGHT SHADE


D MODERATE WATER, EXCEPT AS NOTED


b


FLOWERS ATTRACT BUTTERFLIES AND HUMMINGBIRDS


out warm weather. Tolerates light frost; may die to ground in a hard freeze but recovers quickly in warm weather. Some consider ‘Orange Jubilee’ to be a selection of this plant; others identify it as a hybrid between T. capensis and T. stans. T. capensis (Tecomaria


Tecoma stans


Various trumpet vines once lumped together as Tecoma now have different names. Remaining in this genus are several showy shrubs, one of which can be grown as a vine, another as a tree. All have 2-in.- long, trumpet-shaped fl owers in the yellow-orange-red range and leaves divided featherwise into many leafl ets. Heat-tolerant. T. × alata (T. × smithii). ORANGE BELLS. Shrub. Zones 12, 13, 21–24. To 8 ft. tall, 4– 5 ft. wide, with bright green foli- age and orange fl owers through-


capensis). CAPE HONEY- SUCKLE. Vine or shrub. Zones 12, 13, 20–24; H1, H2; with protection in 14, 15, 18, 19. From South Africa. If tied to a support, can scramble to 15– 30 ft.; with hard pruning, makes an upright shrub 6–8 ft. tall, 4–5 ft. wide. Shiny dark green leafl ets give it a fi ne- textured look. Brilliant orange-red fl owers in compact clusters appear from fall into spring (almost all year in Hawaii). Takes wind, salt air. Use as espalier, bank cover (especially good on hot, steep slopes), barrier hedge. Little water. ‘Aurea’ has lighter green foliage and yellow fl owers; it is somewhat less vigorous than the species. ‘Buff Gold’ has golden orange blossoms. T. garrocha. ARGENTINE TECOMA. Shrub. Zones 12, 13, 21–24. From Argentina. To 5 ft. (possibly 10 ft.) tall and wide. Clusters of salmon to orange blossoms throughout warm weather. Reacts to freezes like T.× alata. T. hybrids. Zones 12, 13, 21–24; H1, H2. Several new, complex hybrids, usually involv- ing T. stans, which they resemble in form and foliage, are becom- ing available. They include ‘Crim son Flare’, with red fl owers; ‘Orange Jubilee’, with scarlet- orange blooms; and ‘Solar Flare’, with orange fl owers. They grow about 6–8 ft. tall and wide in a season if cut back or fro- zen; about twice that if not. ‘Sierra Apricot’ is more compact to 3 ft. high by 6 ft. wide and has light yellow-orange blooms. T. ricasoliana. See Podra- nea ricasoliana. T. stans (Stenolobium


stans). YELLOW BELLS, YELLOW TRUMPET FLOWER, YELLOW ELDER. Zones 12, 13, 21–24; H1, H2; except as noted. Native from southern U.S. to Guate- mala. In mildest climates, can be trained as a tree. Where frosts are common, it is usually a large shrub. Wood may die back in hard freezes, but new


T


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