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ANTIRRHINUM


155


cuttings in spring or divide clumps in spring or fall. Varieties include ‘Beauty of Grallagh’, golden orange fl owers; ‘E. C. Buxton’, white with yellow cen- ters; ‘Kelwayi’, golden yellow; and ‘Moonlight’, pale yellow.


Anthriscus Apiaceae


ANNUALS AND PERENNIALS OR BIENNIALS


ZZONES VARY BY SPECIES


FP EXPOSURE NEEDS VARY BY SPECIES


O REGULAR WATER


clump of very attractive purple- black foliage about 11⁄2 ft. high and 21⁄2 ft. wide. In late spring or early summer, fl owering stems to 3 ft. tall bear white blossoms with purplish pink bracts. Dead- head for best appearance and to prevent self-sowing. Grow in full sun or light shade.


Anthurium


Araceae PERENNIALS


ZZONE H2, EXCEPT AS NOTED; OR INDOORS


P PARTIAL SHADE; BRIGHT INDIRECT LIGHT


O REGULAR WATER


sheltered garden or in large containers. A. scherzerianum. Zones


23, 24; H2. Slow-growing, com- pact plant to 2 ft. tall and half as wide. Dark green leaves are lance-shaped. Flower bracts are broad, 3 in. long, deep red to rose, salmon, or white. The yellow fl ower spikes are spirally coiled. Easier to handle than A. andraeanum.


CARE


Bloom is best in moderate shade. The higher the humidity, the better: leaves lose shiny texture and may die if humidity drops below 50 percent for more than a few days. Indoors, keep pots on trays of moist gravel, or in a bathroom—or mist plant several times daily. Ideal temperature range is 80°F to 90°F (27°C to 32°C), but indoor plants get along at nor- mal house temperature. Growth stops below 65°F (18°C), and plant is damaged below 50°F (10°C). Pot in coarse, porous mix of leaf mold, sandy soil, and shredded osmunda. Feed lightly every 4 weeks.


Anthriscus cerefolium


wing’. Perennial or biennial. Zones 1–9, 14–24. Forms a


Native to Europe, North Africa, and Asia. Though both of these plants produce many umbrella- shaped clusters of tiny fl owers, they are valued for their fernlike foliage. In the fi rst species, the leaves are used in cooking; in the second, the foliage brings deep, striking color to the perennial border. A. cerefolium. CHERVIL. Annual. Zones 1–24. Forms low foliage mounds about a foot wide. In summer, fl ower stems 1–2 ft. tall are topped with white blossoms. The leaves taste like parsley with over- tones of anise; use them like parsley, fresh or dried. Sow seeds in place in early spring (in cold-winter areas) or in autumn (where winters are mild). In the following years, volunteer seedlings will keep you supplied with new plants. Goes to seed quickly in hot weather; keep fl ower clusters cut to encourage leafy growth. Grow in partial shade. A. sylvestris ‘Ravens-


Anthurium


Native to tropical American rain forests, these exotic-looking plants are prized for their large, often glossy leaves and distinc- tive “fl owers” (a large, fl attish bract surrounding a slender, fl eshy spike). Among the spe- cies listed here, all but A. hook- eri are usually grown as potted plants, even in tropical climates. Anthuriums, sometimes called fl amingo fl owers, make unusual houseplants in cooler climates. A. andraeanum. Oblong


leaves with a heart-shaped base grow 1 ft. long and 6 in. wide. Spreading, heart-shaped, puckered bracts to 6 in. long come in shades of red, rose, pink, and white, and shine as though lacquered. Spikes are yellow. Bloom is more or less continuous—plant may have four to six fl owers during the year. Flowers last 6 weeks on plant, 4 weeks after cutting. A. hookeri. Grown in the tropical landscape for its “nest” of large (to 3 ft. long) leaves. Erect fl ower spike is dark lilac. An excellent accent in a wind-


Antigonon


leptopus QUEEN’S WREATH Polygonaceae


EVERGREEN OR DECIDUOUS VINE


ZZONES 12, 13, 18–24; H1, H2 FFULL SUN DO MODERATE TO REGULAR WATER


airy foliage cover. Leaves are bright green, and heart-shaped or arrow-shaped; small rose- pink fl owers are carried in long, trailing sprays from midsummer to fall. A wonderful vine in the low deserts of California and Arizona, where it can grow with- out irrigation but may die back to the ground in summer. Else- where, give it the hottest place in garden; choose a warm, wind- sheltered spot in Southern Cali- fornia coastal gardens. Let it shade a patio or terrace, or drape its foliage and blossom sprays along eaves or fence. Varieties include rare white ‘Album’ and hot rose-pink (nearly red) ‘Baja Red’. Vine is evergreen in mild- winter areas; cut back vigorous growth in late winter or early spring. In frosty areas, the leaves drop in fall and most of the top dies, but recovery is quick when weather warms. Where winter temperatures dip below 25°F (–4°C), protect roots with mulch. Remove frost-killed stems from their support before new growth emerges in spring.


Antirrhinum


majus SNAPDRAGON


Plantaginac eae PERENNIAL TREATED AS ANNUAL


ZZONES A1–A3; 1–24 FFULL SUN O REGULAR WATER


b ATTRACTS BUTTERFLIES


A


Antigonon leptopus


Native to Mexico. Where sum- mers are long and hot, this tuberous-rooted perennial vine grows quickly, climbing by ten- drils to 40 ft. to make an open,


Antirrhinum majus


Snapdragons are among the best fl owering plants for sunny borders and for cutting. Bushy and erect, they have glossy, lance-shaped, deep green


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