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340


GLADIOLUS


spike, opening from the bottom to the top of the spike. Superb cut fl owers. Good in borders or beds behind mounding plants that cover lower parts of stems, or in large containers with low


annuals at base. Baby gladiolus. Zones


G


4–9, 12–24, H1 for most; also Zones 2b and 3 for winter-hardy types. These hybrids sport fl aring blooms to about 3 in. across in short, loose spikes on 11⁄2-ft. stems. Blooms come in late spring and may be white, pink, red, or lilac, either solid or blotched with contrasting color. When left in the ground, these glads will form large clumps. G. communis byzantinus


(G. byzantinus). BYZANTINE GLADIOLUS. From southern Europe. Summer bloom of up to 12 mainly maroon, sometimes reddish or coppery, 1–3-in. fl ow- ers on stems to 3 ft. tall. Grandifl ora hybrids. GAR- DEN GLADIOLUS. The best- known glads, producing spikes that reach 3–6 ft. tall, depend- ing on variety and growing conditions. Late spring and summer fl owers (up to 30 per spike) are widely fl aring, up to 8 in. across, available in a rainbow range of colors and white. Diminutive selections are often called miniature gladiolus; these grow 3–4 ft. tall, stand upright without staking, and bear up to 18 fl owers per spike. G. murielae (G. callian-


fl y hybrids. These summer bloomers derive in part from an African species with hooded (rather than funnel-shaped), primrose yellow fl owers. Named varieties grow 3–4 ft. tall, each spike carrying up to 18 widely spaced blossoms in a wide range of colors. Group known as butterfl y gladiolus has 2–3- ft. stems bearing more closely spaced blossoms; distinct throat markings or blotches of contrasting color give butterfl y appearance. G. tristis. Native to South Africa. Dainty species with 3-in. fl owers on slender, 11⁄2-ft.


thus, Acidanthera bicolor). ABYSSINIAN SWORD LILY. Native to Africa. In late summer and fall, each 2–3-ft. stem bears up to ten 3-in.-wide, fra- grant, creamy white fl owers marked with chocolate brown. Primulinus and butter-


stems in summer. Creamy to yellowish white blossoms are veined with purple, fragrant at night. G. t. concolor has soft yellow to nearly white fl owers.


Glebionis


Asteraceae ANNUALS


ZZONES 1–24; H1, H2 FFULL SUN DMODERATE WATER


G. coronaria (Chrysan-


themum coronarium). CROWN DAISY. Mediterranean native; sometimes seen natural- ized on roadsides. To 21⁄2 ft. high and 11⁄2 ft. wide, with coarsely cut light green leaves and yellow daisies in spring and summer. The variety usually still listed as C. c. spatiosum is the vegetable known as shungiku, chop-suey greens, or edible chrysanthemum; young leaves can be lightly steamed or added to soups.


Glechoma hederacea


‘Variegata’ VARIEGATED GROUND IVY


Lamiaceae PERENNIAL


ZZONES A2, A3; 1–10, 14–24 FPSSUN OR SHADE O REGULAR WATER


Glebionis coronaria


Small genus of plants formerly included in Chrysanthemum. The fast-growing species listed here have ferny foliage and colorful daisy blooms. Sow seeds in spring, either in pots or in open ground. In mild-winter areas, G. carinatum can be sown in autumn for winter and spring bloom. G. carinatum (Chrysan-


themum carinatum). TRI- COLOR DAISY, PAINTED DAISY. This Moroccan native grows wild in sand dunes along parts of the Southern California coast. Grows 1–3 ft. high and 3 ft. wide, with deeply cut, bright green leaves. Showy bloom in summer and fall: 2-in. single daisies in purple, orange, scar- let, salmon, rose, yellow, or white, with contrasting bands around a dark center. Long- lasting cut fl owers. Foliage may cause skin irritation or allergic reaction. Court Jesters is an excellent strain. In ‘German Flag’, scarlet rays and a golden yellow band surround the central disk. Merry mix has multicolored bull’s-eye fl owers on 2–3-ft.-high plants. Summer Festival mix includes the full color range; single, semi- double, and double blooms.


Glechoma hederacea ‘Variegata’


Variegated selection of a spe- cies from Europe that has naturalized in much of North America. Neat pairs of round, scallop-edged leaves to 11⁄2 in. across are spaced along the trailing stems. Foliage is bright green and irregularly edged with white. Small, trumpet-shaped blue fl owers in spring and sum- mer are not showy. Plant grows to 3 in. high, with stems spread- ing quickly to at least 21⁄2 ft., rooting at joints. Use as a small-scale groundcover (toler- ates foot traffi c) or in hanging baskets or window boxes. If plants become shabby, mow or cut back hard in early spring. Can become a serious pest in lawns.


Gleditsia


triacanthos HONEY LOCUST


Caesalpiniaceae DECIDUOUS TREE


ZZONES 1–16, 18–20 FFULL SUN DO MODERATE TO REGULAR WATER


Gleditsia triacanthos


Native to central and eastern North America, this tough but delicately foliaged tree is especially nice planted as spec- imen. Grows quickly to 35– 70 ft. tall and 25–35 ft. wide, with upright trunk and spread- ing, arching branches. Bright green, fernlike leaves to 10 in. long are divided into many oval leafl ets. Late to leaf out; leaves turn yellow before dropping early in fall. Inconspicuous fl ow- ers are followed by seedpods to 11⁄2 ft. long. Foliage casts fi ltered shade, allowing growth of lawn or other plants beneath canopy. Small leafl ets dry up and fi lter into grass, decreasing raking chores. Roots of old plants will heave adjacent pavement. Tolerant of acid or alkaline conditions, salt, drought, cold, heat, wind, and pollution. Does best in areas with sharply defi ned winters, hot summers. Trunks and branches of the species are formidably thorny, and its pods make a mess. These selections of its thorn- less form G. t. inermis are better choices for gardens, most hav- ing few or no pods. ‘Halka’. Fast growing. Forms


sturdy trunk early, has strong horizontal branching pattern. Can bear a heavy crop of seedpods.


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