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SYMPHORICARPOS


Symphoricarpos SNOWBERRY, CORALBERRY


Caprifoliaceae DECIDUOUS SHRUBS


ZZONES VARY BY SPECIES


FPSEXPOSURE NEEDS VARY BY SPECIES


NDLITTLE TO MODERATE WATER FRUIT ATTRACTS BIRDS


b


X INGESTING BERRIES MAY CAUSE ILLNESS


by white fruit. Grows to 4–6 ft. tall and wide. ‘Amethyst’ (bright pink berries) and ‘Magic Berry’ (lilac-pink fruit) are the most common. S. mollis. CREEPING SNOW-


BERRY, SPREADING SNOW- BERRY. Zones 2–10, 14–24. Native to western North Amer- ica. Like S. albus but usually less than 11⁄2 ft. high, with ear- lier, sparser bloom, smaller fruit. Spreads like a ground- cover, its trailing branches root- ing where they touch soil. Partial shade. S. orbiculatus (S. vul-


garis). CORALBERRY, INDIAN CURRANT. Zones 1–11, 14–21. From eastern U.S. Resembles S. albus but bears white or some- times pink-tinged fl owers that are followed by small purplish red fruit. Fruit is bright and plen- tiful enough to provide a good fall-into-winter show. Full sun.


Symphytum Symphoricarpos albus S


Plants are upright or arching, typically 2–6 ft. tall and wide, often spreading by root suckers. They are native to North Amer- ica. Most are best used as wild thicket for erosion control on steep banks. Clusters of small pink or white fl owers in spring or early summer. Attractive round, berrylike fruit remains on stems after leaves drop in autumn. Cut stems look good in winter arrangements. S. albus (S. racemosus). COMMON SNOWBERRY. Zones A3; 1–11, 14–21. Native from California to Alaska, east to Montana. Roundish, dull green leaves. Pink fl owers are fol- lowed by white fruit from late summer to winter. Produces most fruit in full sun but takes shade. Not a fi rst-rate shrub but useful for its tolerance of poor soil, lower light, general neglect. S. × chenaultii. Zones


1–11, 14–21. Greenish white fl owers, and red fruit lightly spotted with white. Can take full sun in cooler climates; needs partial or full shade in hot areas. ‘Hancock’ is a foot-high dwarf valued as woodland groundcover or bank cover. S. × doorenbosii. Zones 1–


11, 14–21. Dark green leaves, greenish white fl owers followed


offi cinale COMFREY


Boraginaceae PERENNIAL


ZZONES 1–24


FP PARTIAL SHADE IN HOTTEST CLIMATES


O REGULAR WATER


X LEAVES CAN BE HARMFUL IF INGESTED


frost-free climates, plant remains leafy through winter; elsewhere, it dies to the ground in autumn. Comfrey has a long history as a folk remedy. Leaves can be dried and brewed to make a medicinal tea, though this use is no longer recommended (the leaves have been found to contain potentially carcinogenic substances). Herb enthusiasts claim that the plant adds miner- als to compost, but think hard before establishing it in your garden: it spreads freely from roots and is tough to eradicate.


Syringa LILAC


Oleaceae


DECIDUOUS SHRUBS, RARELY TREES ZZONES VARY BY SPECIES


FP LIGHT SHADE IN HOTTEST CLIMATES


O REGULAR WATER b


FLOWERS ATTRACT BIRDS, BUTTERFLIES


summer, always after leaves have formed. S. ‘Betsy Ross’. Zones


2–12, 14–16, 18–22. Recent National Arboretum release selected for abundant white bloom, disease resistance, and good performance in mild-winter climates. Grows to 10 ft. tall by 13 ft. wide. S. × chinensis. CHINESE


LILAC. Zones A2, A3; 1–11, 14–16, 18–21. Hybrid between S. vulgaris and S.× persica. To 15 ft. tall and wide, usually much less. More graceful than S. vulgaris, with more fi nely textured foliage. Profuse, open clusters of fragrant, rosy purple fl owers. Does well in mild-winter, hot-summer climates. ‘Alba’ has white blossoms. ‘Lilac Sunday’ has single, light purple blooms. S. × hyacinthifl ora. Zones


A2, A3; 1–12, 14–16, 18–22. Group of hybrids between S. vul- garis and S. oblata, a Chinese species. Resemble S. vulgaris but they generally bloom 7 to 10 days earlier and are more heat-tolerant. Many varieties available with single or double blooms in shades of purple, magenta, pink, and white. Newer hybrids include ‘Declara- tion’, with large, reddish purple blooms, and disease-resistant ‘Old Glory’, with bluish purple fl owers. ‘Maiden’s Blush’ is an excellent pink fl owering form. S. ‘Josée’. Zones A1–A3;


Syringa vulgaris Symphytum offi cinale


A deep-rooted plant from Eur- asia forms a clump to 3–4 ft. tall, 2 ft. wide. Furry leaves set with stiff hairs; basal leaves 8 in. or longer, upper leaves smaller. Small (1⁄2 in. long), unshowy fl owers are usually dull rose in color but sometimes white, cream, or purple. In vir tually


A garden staple in cold-winter regions, cherished for big, fl am- boyant, fragrant fl ower clusters at branch tips. Best known are common lilac (S. vulgaris) and its many named varieties, but there are other species of great usefulness. All are medium-size to large shrubs with medium to deep green foliage and no spe- cial appeal when out of bloom. Floral show comes from number of small fl owers packed into dense pyramidal to conical clus- ters; individual fl owers are tubu- lar, fl aring into four petal-like lobes (in single types) or into a clutch of “petals” (in double kinds). Depending on climate, bloom comes from early spring (in the earliest kinds) to early


1–11, 14–16. Dwarf hybrid reaching about 6 ft. tall and 5 ft. wide. Fragrant lavender- pink blooms are produced in spring and then occasionally throughout the growing season. Hardy. ‘Bloomerang Purple’ is a similar rebloomer with laven- der fl owers. S. × laciniata (S. × per-


sica laciniata). Zones 3–12, 14–16, 18–22. Open-structured plant to 5–8 ft. tall and wide. Leaves divided nearly to midrib into three to nine segments; good rich green color. Many small clusters of fragrant, lilac- colored blooms. S. meyeri ‘Palibin’. Zones


A2, A3; 1–9, 14–16. Dense, twiggy growth to a possible 5 ft. tall and wide; often stays at about 3 ft. Sometimes grafted high to make a standard tree with 3–4-ft. trunk. Produces 5-in. clusters of faintly fragrant fl owers in purple fading to pink.


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