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502


PHORMIUM


‘Surfer’. To 2–4 ft. tall and wide. Maroon-bronze leaves have grayish green undersides and a narrow, gray-green central stripe. Foliage is stiff but arch- ing and twisting. ‘Thumbelina’. Similar to ‘Jack Spratt’ but more upright growing and a little darker. ‘Tiny Tiger’ (‘Aurea Nana’). A miniature, reaching barely 1 ft. high and wide. Leaves are fl ushed pink in cool weather. ‘Tony Tiger’ is a 2-ft. version. ‘Tom Thumb’. Upright clump to 2–3 ft. high and wide. Green, wavy-edged, 1⁄2-in.-wide leaves have red-bronze margins. ‘Yellow Wave’. To 4–5 ft. tall, 5–7 ft. wide, with 21⁄4-in.-wide leaves in chartreuse with lime green margins. Leaves can burn in hot sun. P. tenax. NEW ZEALAND FLAX. Large, bold plant with bronzy green leaves to 9 ft. long and 5 in. wide; rigid and mainly upright, curving mainly (if at all) near tips. Mature clumps are about as wide as or a little wider than high. Note that bronze-leafed varieties take on a deeper color in full sun. ‘Atropurpureum’, ‘Bronze’,


P


‘Rubrum’, Purpureum Group. These names are used inter- changeably in the trade for plants with purplish or brownish red foliage that grow 6–8 ft. tall and wide. Usually grown from seed and somewhat variable. ‘Atropurpureum Compactum’


(‘Monrovia Red’). To 5 ft. tall and wide, with burgundy-bronze foliage. Uniform; propagated by tissue culture. ‘Chocolate’ (‘Chocolate


Dream’). To 4–5 ft. tall and wide, with rich brown leaves. ‘Radiance’. To 5–6 ft. tall, 7 ft. wide. Green leaves have a central yellow stripe, lime green margins with a thin orange edge. ‘Variegatum’. To 6–8 ft. tall and wide, with 3⁄4-in.-wide, gray- ish green leaves that have creamy yellow stripes along edges. ‘Wings of Gold’. Resembles


‘Variegatum’ but reaches just 2–3 ft. high and wide. Ideal for containers.


for other plants that are good for near pools, see pages 64–65.


Photinia Rosaceae


EVERGREEN AND DECIDUOUS SHRUBS OR TREES


ZZONES VARY BY SPECIES FFULL SUN DO MODERATE TO REGULAR WATER


b BERRIES ATTRACT BIRDS


form at the same time. White fl owers in 4-in. clusters appear late spring to early summer. P. d. undulata is lower growing, forming an irregularly shaped 5-ft. shrub with wavy-edged leaves; branch tips and new foli- age are bronzy red. For best growth, give plants plenty of room and soil that is not too rich. In hot interior cli- mates, protect from hot winds and supply adequate water. P. × fraseri. Evergreen


Photinia × fraseri


Handsome, densely foliaged plants with brightly colored new growth that matures to dark green. Good for screen and background plantings. All bear fl attish clusters of small white fl owers; in most types, blos- soms are followed in fall by red or black berries that may last into winter. Tip-pinch plants to encourage colorful new growth. Prune to shape before spring growth begins or after bloom; don’t allow new growth to get away from you and make long, bare switches. Many photinias can be converted to small trees by limbing up; or they can be trained as trees from the begin- ning. Evergreen species may suffer considerable damage if temperatures remain below 10°F (–12°C) for prolonged peri- ods; they are also susceptible to a fungal leaf spot, which may cause leaves to drop in spring. All photinias are subject to fi re- blight; all but P.× fraseri are susceptible to powdery mildew. P. davidiana (Stranvaesia


davidiana). Evergreen shrub or small tree native to China and Vietnam. Zones 4–11, 14– 17. Informal, wide-spreading plant grows at a moderate rate to 6–20 ft. tall and wide. New foliage is reddish. Some leaves turn bronze or purple in late fall and winter, a good foil for clus- ters of showy red berries that


shrub or tree. Zones 3b (with protection), 4–24. ‘Birmingham’ is the usual selection sold. Moderate to fast growth to 10–15 ft. tall and wide. Leaves are bright red when new. Spring- time fl ower clusters resemble those of P. glabra but are not followed by berries. Good espal- ier or small single-stemmed tree. Cut branches are excellent in arrangements. Resists mil- dew and heat, but leaf spot can be serious in the Pacifi c North- west. Sometimes suffers from chlorosis in Zones 12, 13. Aphids may be a problem. Two selections about half the size of ‘Birmingham’ are useful in smaller spaces: ‘Indian Prin- cess’, with orange-red new growth, and ‘Red Robin’, with bright red new leaves and good resistance to leaf spot. P. glabra. JAPANESE PHO- TINIA. Evergreen shrub. Zones 4–9, 14–24. From Japan. Broad, dense growth to 6–10 ft. tall and wide. Leaves to 3 in. long, coppery when new; scat- tered leaves turn bright red through fall and winter, adding touches of color. Flowers appear in early summer in 4-in. clusters. Berries are red, aging to black. Forms with variegated foliage are available. P. serratifolia (P. serru-


lata). CHINESE PHOTINIA. Ever- green shrub or tree. Zones 4–16, 18–22; can be grown in Zones 17, 23, 24, but is espe- cially prone to mildew there. From China. Broad, dense grower; can reach 30 ft. tall and wide but is easily held to one- third that size. Stiff leaves to 8 in. long are prickly along edges. Bright copper new growth; scat- tered crimson leaves in fall, winter. Flower clusters to 6 in. across in late spring or early summer. Bright red berries often last until winter. ‘Aculeata’


(frequently sold as ‘Nova’ or ‘Nova Lineata’) is more com- pact; its leaf midribs and main veins are ivory-yellow. P. villosa. Deciduous shrub


or tree. Zones 3–9, 14–17. From China, Korea, Japan. To 15 ft. tall and wide. Leaves are 11⁄2– 3 in. long; they are pale gold with rosy tints when new, green when mature, bright red or yel- low in fall. Flower clusters 1– 2 in. across; bright red berries.


Phygelius CAPE FUCHSIA


Scrophulariaceae PERENNIALS


ZZONES 4–9, 14–24; H1, H2 FP FULL SUN OR LIGHT SHADE O REGULAR WATER


b BLOOMS ATTRACT HUMMINGBIRDS


Phygelius aequalis ‘Coral Princess’


From South Africa. Showy peren- nials related to snapdragon (Antirrhinum) and penstemon, but with drooping fl owers that suggest fuchsia. Plants die to the ground in cold climates, remain shrubby in milder areas. They grow 3–4 ft. tall, spreading about as wide by underground stems or rooting prostrate branches. Bloom from summer into fall, bearing tubular, curved fl owers in loosely branched clusters at stem ends. To keep plants neat, cut out old fl ower stalks after bloom. Mulch roots in cold- winter regions. P. aequalis. Pyramidal clus-


ters of dusty rose fl owers. ‘Sani Pass’ has purplish pink fl owers that are creamy yellow inside. ‘Trewidden Pink’ bears dusty pink, yellow-throated blossoms tipped in red. ‘Yellow Trumpet’ has pale yellow blooms.


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