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218


CAMELLIA


C


Hybrid camellias. These are crosses between two or more species. The following have medium-size fl owers unless noted. See C. japonica for expla- nations of bloom season and fl ower-size terminology. ‘Coral Delight’. Midseason. Coral pink semidouble fl owers form garlands along the branches. Slow grower. ‘Donation’. Midseason. Large semidouble fl owers of orchid pink borne all along stems. Blooms young and heavily on vigorous, somewhat spreading, compact plant with slightly pendulous branches. Quite resistant to cold and sun. Appreciates a little shade in hot, dry areas. There is a form with variegated fl owers. ‘Dr. Clifford Parks’. Midsea-


son. Very large blossoms in an orange-toned rich red. They are semidouble to loose peony form to anemone form. The plant is vigorous and upright. ‘Fairy Blush’. Early to late.


This C. lutchuensis hybrid has clusters of lightly fragrant single fl owers colored like apple blos- soms. Leaves are small and growth is fast. ‘Frank Houser’. Midseason.


This C. reticulata hybrid is vigor- ous, open, and upright, with very large, rose-colored fl owers; semidouble to peony form with rabbit-eared petals. ‘Freedom Bell’. Midseason. Small to medium semidouble, bell-shaped blooms of dark red open beneath branches. ‘High Fragrance’. Mid- to late season. This C. lutchuensis hybrid has fragrant, ivory-pink, peony-form fl owers with deeper pink edges. Vigorous growth, open habit. ‘Taylor’s Perfection’. Midsea- son. Profuse light pink semidou- ble fl owers. Fast growing; ideal for trellis or espalier. ‘Yume’. Mid- to late season. This medium, spreading grower produces a profusion of small single pink fl owers blotched white, often with pink and white alternating petals.


Hardy hybrids. These camel- lias, bred from C. oleifera, are among the hardiest of all; they withstand temperatures to –10°F (–23°C) given an over- head tree canopy and protec- tion from cold, drying winds.


Most produce semidouble fl ow- ers; bloom period is fall and winter. Pink varieties include ‘Winter’s Beauty’, ‘Winter’s Joy’, and ‘Winter’s Rose’; white ones include ‘Lu Shan Snow’, ‘Win- ter’s Snowman’, and ‘Winter’s Waterlily’. ‘Winter’s Star’ is purplish red.


Campanula BELLFLOWER


Campanulaceae


MOSTLY PERENNIALS; SOME BIENNIALS OR ANNUALS


ZZONES 1–9, 14–24, EXCEPT AS NOTED


FP FULL SUN IN COOLER CLIMATES ONLY


DOMODERATE TO REGULAR WATER ATTRACT HUMMINGBIRDS


» See chart on facing page. b


beds, containers. Trailing kinds are ideal for hanging pots or baskets, wall crevices; vigorous, spreading growers serve well as ground covers. Upright growers are valuable in borders, for cut- ting, occasionally in containers.


CARE


Campanulas grow best in good, well-drained soil. Most species are easy to grow from seeds sown in spring or early summer. Set transplants out in fall for bloom the following year. Also may be increased by divisions or cuttings. Divide clumps in fall every 3 or 4 years; some may need yearly division. Some spe- cies seed freely, and a few have invasive tendencies; may be dif- fi cult to remove when entwined with roots of shrubs, trees, or other perennials. For these spe- cies, choose sites carefully. Some campanulas are attractive to slugs and snails. Watch for spider mites in hot, dry weather.


Campsis TRUMPET CREEPER, TRUMPET VINE


Bignoniaceae SEMIEVERGREEN TO DECIDUOUS VINES


ZZONES VARY BY SPECIES FP FULL SUN OR PARTIAL SHADE DOMODERATE TO REGULAR WATER


Campanula persicifolia ‘Telham Beauty’


Campanulas are most often rec- ognized by their blue or white fl owers (they also come in pink, violet, and lavender). Usually, fl ower stalks rise above basal leaf rosettes. The perennial species tend to spread from the root; width depends mainly on vigor of their rootstocks and time they have been in one spot. Flowers are generally bell shaped, though some are star shaped, cupped, or round and fl at. Bloom comes at some time from spring to fall, depending on species. Native throughout the Northern Hemisphere; those featured here come mostly from southern Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus, and northern Asia.


Uses are as varied as the plants. Gemlike miniatures deserve special settings— close-up situations in rock gar- dens, niches in dry walls, raised


b ATTRACT BIRDS


rootlets; they cling to wood, brick, stucco, and other sur- faces. Unless pruned and tied to supporting surface, old plants can become top-heavy and pull away. Each dormant season, shorten some of the branches and thin others. Pinch back shoot tips in summer to keep plants bushy. Plants spread by suckering roots; pull any that appear. If older plants become unmanageable, cut to the ground before spring growth begins and train a few strong new stems. C. grandifl ora (Bignonia


chinensis). CHINESE TRUM- PET CREEPER. Zones 4–24. Not as vigorous, large, or hardy as the American native C. radicans, but fl owers are slightly larger and redder. Each leaf has up to nine leafl ets. Grows to 30 ft. under ideal conditions. C. radicans (Bignonia


radicans). COMMON TRUM- PET CREEPER. Zones 1–21. Native to eastern U.S. Most widely used in cold-winter areas. Deep freeze will kill it to ground, but new stems grow quickly. Each leaf has up to 11 leafl ets. Flowers are 3-in.-long orange tubes with scarlet lobes fl aring to 2 in. wide. Grows fast to 40 ft. or more, bursting with health and vigor. ‘Balboa Sun- set’ has darker red blooms. ‘Flava’ has yellow blossoms and somewhat lighter green leaves. C. × tagliabuana. Zones 3b–24. Hybrid between above two species. ‘Mme Galen’, the best-known variety, has salmon- red fl owers. ‘Indian Summer’ has salmon blooms with red- orange throat.


Campsis radicans


With vigorous growth and hot- colored fl owers, trumpet creep- ers give even cool-summer gardens a tropical look. All bear radiant blossoms shaped like fl aring trumpets, in clusters at branch tips midsummer to fall. Glossy leaves are divided into leafl ets. Stems have aerial


In lightly shaded beds, campanulas pair well with other plants that like the same conditions— ferns, hydrangeas, and meadow rue. For a cooling combo on a patio, plant white hydrangea with white-fl owered campanula in a large container.


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