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254


CLERODENDRUM


C


Zones 8, 9, 12–24. Native to southern China. Coarse plant to 5–8 ft. tall, spreads freely by root suckers unless controlled or confi ned. Its 10-in. leaves resemble those of C. bungei but are not malodorous when bruised. (This species may also be called cashmere bouquet, a name more often applied to C. bungei.) Pale pink double fl owers with a sweet, clean fra- grance are carried in broad clusters resembling hydrangea. Partial shade. C. myricoides ‘Ugan-


Clethra Clethraceae


DECIDUOUS SHRUBS AND EVERGREEN TREES


ZZONES VARY BY SPECIES


FP BEST IN PARTIAL SHADE BUT ADAPTABLE


O REGULAR WATER b


dense’ (C. ugandense). Evergreen shrub. Zones 9, 14– 24; H1, H2. Native to tropical Africa. Grows to 10 ft. tall and about half as wide, though often much smaller in Califor- nia. Glossy dark green leaves. Each fi ve-petaled blossom has one violet-blue petal and four pale blue ones; pistil and sta- mens arch outward and upward. Partial shade; can take full sun in Hawaii. C. trichotomum. HARLE- QUIN GLORYBOWER. Deciduous shrub. Zones 15–17, 20–24. Plant can be grown in Zones 5 and 6 but may periodically freeze to the ground and come back from roots. Native to Japan. Shrub reaches 10–15 ft. tall and as wide, with many stems growing from base. Can be trained as a small tree. Soft, hairy, oval dark green leaves to 5 in. long. Fragrant blossoms— each a white tube almost twice as long as the prominent, fl eshy, scarlet calyxes surround- ing it—come in late summer. Calyxes hang on and contrast pleasingly with metallic-looking turquoise or blue-green fruit. Give this shrub plenty of room to spread at top; add plants underneath it to hide its leggi- ness. C. t. fargesii, from China, is somewhat hardier and smaller; it has smooth leaves and green calyxes that turn pink. Partial shade.


CARE


Amenable to pruning. Provide support for climbing species. Grow in well-drained soil. Good greenhouse plants in areas beyond their hardiness limits.


FLOWERS ATTRACT BUTTERFLIES, HUMMINGBIRDS


Plant is densely clothed with 4-in. leaves in glossy, bronzy green. White fl owers in upright, branched clusters are fragrant. Leaf tips burn with frost, but plant comes back from old wood or from roots when dam- aged. Control spider mites in summer. For lily-of-the-valley shrub, see Pieris japonica. C. barbinervis. JAPANESE SWEET SHRUB. Deciduous shrub. Zones 5–9, 14–24. Slow growing to 15–18 ft. tall and about one-half to two-thirds as wide; attractive, peeling, glossy gray to brown bark when plant matures. Produces drooping, 4–6-in. clusters of fragrant, bell- shaped white fl owers. Heavily veined, sharply toothed leaves turn bright yellow in fall.


CARE Clethra alnifolia ‘Hummingbird’


Grow these attractive plants for their small, fi ve-lobed, sweet- scented white or pink fl owers that cluster at branch tips in mid- to late summer. C. alnifolia. SUMMER-


SWEET, SWEET PEPPERBUSH. Deciduous shrub. Zones A2, A3; 1–6. Eastern U.S. native grows 4–10 ft. tall and wide; spreads slowly by suckers. Thin, strong branches form vertical pattern. Green, tooth-edged leaves appear late in spring, turn yel- low to brownish in fall. During bloom season, each branch tip carries several 4–6-in.-long spires of tiny white fl owers with a spicy perfume.


Selections include the follow- ing; most grow wider than tall and hold their fl owers loosely upright. ‘Crystalina’ is a white- fl owered, dwarf form (2–21⁄2 ft.). ‘Hummingbird’ is also dwarf and white-fl owered but grows a little taller (21⁄2–3 ft.).‘Pink Spires’ (to 4 ft.) has deep pink blooms. ‘Rosea’ (6–10 ft.) has pale pink fl owers. ‘Sixteen Candles’ is similar to ‘Hummingbird’, but fl ower spikes are held straight up like candles on a birthday cake. C. arborea. LILY-OF-THE-


VALLEY TREE. Evergreen tree. Zones 15–17, 21–24. Native to Madeira. Stiff upright growth to 20 ft. tall and about half as wide.


Best in moist, organic, slightly acidic, well-drained soil. Plants prefer partial shade but can adapt to less light as well as to full sun; they need some shade where summers are very hot. On deciduous shrubs, remove some old wood from base annu- ally before spring growth begins. C. arborea doesn’t need routine pruning.


Cleyera japonica (Eurya ochnacea)


Pentaphylaceae EVERGREEN SHRUB


ZZONES 4–6, 8, 9, 14–24; H1 P PARTIAL SHADE DO MODERATE TO REGULAR WATER


Clianthus puniceus


This New Zealand native grows to 12 ft. high and nearly as wide. It produces sprays of 3–6- in., glistening dark green leaves divided into many narrow leaf- lets that hang gracefully from the branches, forming an open foliage pattern. In late spring or early summer, bright red, sweet pea–shaped fl owers with 3-in. keels resembling parrot beaks swing downward between the leaves. The pods that follow are 3 in. long. Forms with pink or white fl owers are also available.


CARE Cleyera japonica


Native to Japan and Southeast Asia; related to camellia. Grows at a moderate rate to 15 ft. tall and as wide, with graceful, spreading, arching branches.


To display beauty of leaves and fl owers, train as espalier or on a support. Mix an organic soil amendment into heavy soil. Watch for slugs, snails, and spider mites.


New leaves are deep brownish red. Mature leaves are 3–6 in. long, glossy dark green with red- dish midrib. The plant produces small clusters of fragrant creamy white fl owers in early fall that are followed by small, dark red, puffy berries; fruit lasts through winter. Flowers and berries are attractive but not showy; they don’t form on young plants. ‘Tricolor’ (C. for- tunei) has yellow-and-rose varie- gation on its young leaves.


Clianthus


puniceus PARROT BEAK Papilionaceae


EVERGREEN SHRUBBY VINE ZZONES 8, 9, 14–24; H1


FP FULL SUN ONLY IN COOLER CLIMATES


O REGULAR WATER


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