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296


ECHEVERIA


E


Gray-green or blue-green rosettes to 4 in. across. Makes offsets freely. E. s. glauca (E. glauca) leaves are faintly edged purple- red, and the blue-green rosettes have a purplish tinge. E. setosa. Zones 17, 23, 24. Dense rosettes to 4 in. across are dark green and densely covered with stiff white hairs. Red fl owers are tipped with yellow. Good choice for rock gardens, shallow contain- ers. Very tender. E. subrigida ‘Fire and


Ice’. Zones 8, 9, 14–24. Large rosettes, 9–12 in. high, 1–2 ft. wide. Light blue-green leaves are edged with dark pink. Coral pink and orange fl owers from late spring to summer.


Echinacea CONEFLOWER


Asteraceae PERENNIALS


ZZONES A2, A3; 1–24 FFULL SUN DO MODERATE TO REGULAR WATER


b ATTRACT BUTTERFLIES, BEES Echinacea ‘Sunrise’


Tough, colorful perennials from central and eastern North Amer- ica. Daisylike fl owers, usually with narrow, arching rays, have brownish orange, dome-shaped centers and are held on straight stems above clumps of bristly foliage. Flowers are often lightly fragrant. Generally bloom over a long period in summer (may start in spring in mild-winter climates). Flowering may continue until frost.


Use on the outskirts of gar- dens or in wide borders with other robust perennials. Excel- lent in pots. Good cut fl owers.


E. hybrids. Complex crosses have produced hybrid conefl owers that are popular for their vigor and extended color range. ‘Green Envy’ has fra- grant, lime green blooms that pick up magenta-purple near the cone as they age. The green cone also fades to purple. It grows 2–3 ft. high. ‘Mango Meadowbrite’ grows 2–3 ft. high and wide; orange-yellow petals surround orange-brown centers. ‘Orange Meadowbrite’ (‘Art’s Pride’) grows about the same size, bears reddish orange fl ow- ers. ‘Pixie Meadowbrite’ grows only about 11⁄2 ft. tall and a bit wider, with pink, nondrooping petals surrounding a yellow- brown center. ‘Tomato Soup’ has bright red fl owers up to 6 in. wide on 2-ft.-high plants. ‘Tiki Torch’ has bright orange to rose blooms on a 2–21⁄2-ft.- tall plant. Plants in the Big Sky series grow 2–3 ft. high and 2 ft. wide; choices include butter yellow ‘Sunrise’, bright orange ‘Sunset’, and reddish orange ‘Sundown’ (‘Evan Saul’). E. purpurea. PURPLE CONE-


FLOWER. Bristly, oblong, 3–4-in.- long leaves form a 2-ft.-wide,


‘Pink Poodle’ produces fully double pink fl owers that resem- ble zinnias. ‘Rubinstern’ (‘Ruby Star’) grows 2–3 ft. high with carmine-red, nondrooping rays. Both ‘White Lustre’ (21⁄2 ft. high) and ‘White Swan’ (11⁄2– 2 ft. high) have white rays and orange-yellow cones. E. tennesseensis ‘Rocky


Top’. Narrow, medium green leaves form a mound 11⁄2–2 ft. high and nearly as wide. Flow- ers 2–3 in. across consist of narrow, rich pink rays that bend distinctively upward around a large, greenish black cone.


CARE Conefl owers generally do not need staking. They perform well in summer heat (though not in the hottest desert areas, where they are mainly spring blooming). Clumps spread slowly, become crowded after 3 or 4 years. Fleshy rootstocks can be diffi cult to separate; divide carefully, making sure that each division has a shoot and roots. Plantings can also be increased by taking root cut- tings, seeding, or transplanting self-sown seedlings.


clockwise from top: Echinacea ‘Flame T rower’; E. ‘Quills and T rills’; E. purpurea ‘Pink Poodle’


dense foliage clump from which rise sparsely leafed fl owering stems 3–4 ft. tall. Showy, 4-in. fl owers have drooping, rosy pur- ple rays and a central orange- brown cone that resembles a beehive. If faded fl owers are left in place, bristly seed heads hang on into winter; seeds are favored by fi nches. Many fi ne varieties are avail- able. ‘Coconut Lime’ is a dou- ble fl ower, with a single row of large white petals surrounding a tuft of smaller light green petals around the cone. Grows to 2–3 ft. high. ‘Doubledecker’ (‘Doppelganger’), another 2-footer, has something extra: a second set of pink petals emerging from the top of the cone. ‘Fragrant Angel’ grows 2–21⁄2 ft. high with sweetly scented white fl owers. ‘Kim’s Knee High’ grows 11⁄2–2 ft. high and has clear pink fl owers. ‘Magnus’ grows 3–4 ft. tall and has deep purplish pink, orange- centered fl owers to 7 in. wide.


Echinocactus BARREL CACTUS


Cactaceae CACTI


ZZONES 12–24


FP PARTIAL SHADE IN HOTTEST CLIMATES


DMODERATE WATER


Echinocactus grusonii


Large, cylindrical cacti with prominent ribs and stout thorns. Many are native to the Southwest. Best known in gardens is E. grusonii, golden


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