section of the report. Based on this analysis, Part B also identifies needs for further improvements to the global environmental governance system (Chapter 18).
Part C: Outlooks and Pathways to a Healthy Planet with Healthy People incorporates the most promising policy approaches from Part B into the pathways of transformation. It combines global and scenario-based analysis (Chapters 20-22) with local, participative analysis (Chapter 23) to identify possible pathways towards achieving the environmental dimension of the SDGs and other MEAs (up to 2030), and assesses long‐term or mid‐century strategies required for achieving long‐term sustainability (to 2050) (Chapter 24). The outcomes and conclusions provide a baseline to guide policymaking and implementation of the SDGs, as well as the development of more transformative pathways to reach scientific targets over a longer time-horizon (to 2050), such as the objective to become a climate-neutral, resource-efficient society. This long-term perspective will help to guide the further development of global, regional and national governance
systems to ensure future human development stays within the Earth’s ecological limits, and helps to create a more equitable world with no one left behind. Where possible, Part C emphasizes the economic and social costs and benefits of various options for action and non-action.
Part D: Remaining Data and Knowledge Gaps (Chapter 25) provides an overview of the data/knowledge trends and issues and identifies the gaps that need to be filled in order to implement the SDGs and achieve the IAEGs established in MEAs. This is based on the premise that more data/knowledge leads to better and more effective actions/solutions in more places. A revolution in communications and information technology is creating significant new data and information opportunities beyond traditional environmental monitoring and assessment.
We hope readers – whether policymakers, researchers or citizens – find the analysis and assessment findings presented in the following chapters useful, helping to inform future efforts to address our collective environmental challenges.