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DEMO VERSION


Section 5 O


Models of behaviour change


rganisations such as health authorities use a variety of methods or models of behaviour change to tackle the challenging task of encouraging people to adopt and maintain activity.


Initially, many of these methods were developed and used in the field of psychology, rather than as means to encourage physical activity and exercise. Therefore, only a small part of each model may be appropriate for a chosen situation. With experience, you will be able to extract the approaches that work best for your clients and to develop skills for using them to assist in behaviour change.


The most common models for behaviour modification are:


The theory of reasoned action (Ajzen and Fishbein, 1975)


The theory of planned behaviour (Ajzen, 1988)


The health belief model (Rosenstock, 1966)


The health locus of control (Wallston, Wallston, Kaplan and Maides, 1976)


Social cognitive theory (Bandura,1983) Stage-based models


The transtheoretical model (Prochaska and DiClemente, 1982) Relapse prevention


©YMCA Awards 2015


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