This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.



SMART CITIES AND SMART EDUCATION SYSTEMS Smart cities must develop and manage their human resources to be able to achieve both growth and stability. Tis requires them to have smart education systems that can match the skills of their population to the current and future needs of industry and can give citizens the opportunity to contribute to that economic growth. Developing such education systems is a

significant challenge and is something that cannot be addressed by city regions in isolation. Education systems need to be nationally coherent, and social partners such as employers, government, employees and civil society organisations must work together at both the national and local levels to find sustainable solutions.

A GLOBAL SKILLS SHORTAGE Employers are consistently raising the issue of a skills shortage. Tis ever-growing ‘skills gap’ – the disparity between the skills employers need and the skills people have – is threatening the growth of economies and the stability of societies worldwide. Education systems, and Technical and

Vocational Education and Training (TVET) systems in particular, face a number of challenges in addressing this global skills gap. A lack of employer engagement and consultation

at a strategic level leads to TVET systems that don’t meet employer needs. Tere is a particular lack of emphasis on soft skills – the additional skills such as spoken communication that are essential for functioning in the world of work. In many countries, TVET systems are also

extremely fragmented, with responsibilities being spread across multiple government departments. Tis inevitably leads to a lack of

coherent leadership and regulation, which makes it difficult to implement any lasting systematic change and ensure common quality standards.

BRIDGING THE GAP As a leader in skills and employability, the British Council works worldwide to respond to the global skills gap. At the national level we help to support policy reform and design new systems and approaches for skills development, which includes sustainable employer engagement mechanisms. At the institutional level we deliver training to help build the capacity of institutions to deliver quality TVET for young people. Central to our approach is connecting our work

across all of these levels to support ‘bottom-up’ policy change and to help create meaningful relationships and partnerships between policy makers, employers, institutions and practitioners.

A FOCUS ON SOFT SKILLS To be more market-led, TVET systems must continually adapt to meet employer needs. With more and more employers reporting a lack of soft skills amongst candidates, ensuring TVET systems balance any industry skills

ABOUT THE BRITISH COUNCIL The British Council is the UK’s cultural relations organisation. We create international opportunities in English, the Arts, Education and Society for the people of the UK and other countries, and build trust between them worldwide. Employees: 7,000 Global presence: 110 countries


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60