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THE EXPERT’S VIEW: MET OFFICE


THE CHANGING WEATHER AND CLIMATE, VARIABILITY AND EXTREMES ARE INCREASINGLY AFFECTING US AND THE ENVIRONMENT WE LIVE IN, WHICH IS WHY THE DEVELOPMENT AND DELIVERY OF OPERATIONAL SERVICES IS SO IMPORTANT, SAYS PAUL DAVIES, CHIEF HYDRO-METEOROLOGIST AT THE MET OFFICE


WEATHER WARNINGS SAVING LIVES


T


he weather and climate are affecting the availability of fresh water, food, security, our health, and social and economic infrastructures. Ensuring that


society is sufficiently resilient and prepared for this requires the development and delivery of operational weather and climate services. Te Met Office is a global centre of excellence


in weather and climate science, and the United Kingdom’s national weather service. We work with a wide range of customers throughout the world, including governments, businesses and industries, armed forces, and national meteorological and hydrological services. We draw on our scientific and operational strengths to offer practical advice and specialist consultancies. In the Philippines, we have established a strong relationship with the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA). Tis relationship is founded on the aspiration of the President of the Philippines, Benigno S Aquino III, to provide hazard warnings for natural


38 EXPERTVIEW SPRING 2015


phenomena, including weather, to his country. Te aim is to be able to provide the Philippine population with a weather warning a minimum of six hours ahead of a potential weather event. Manila is the capital and second largest city of


the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities which, along with the municipality of Pateros, make up Metro Manila, and it has a population around 12 million. Te Philippines is usually affected by around 15 cyclonic storms each year, and struck by five to six. Te country is also highly affected by landslides, volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunamis. In order to ensure its population is resilient


and prepared, the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) in the Philippines, of which PAGASA is a division, has been introducing appropriate new technologies. Tis has resulted in the production and use of numerical weather prediction outputs from the Met Office’s Unified Model, a numerical modelling system developed and used at the Met Office. Te model is capable of producing weather, seasonal and climate


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