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community’ compete with each other, which can be confusing. Intelligent communities are promoted by a think tank in New York called the Intelligent Community Forum (ICF), which has been running an annual competition to select the Intelligent Community of the Year for the past 14 years. Te smart city term is very much promoted by the manufacturers of technology, such as Cisco and IBM, who will go into a city and suggest something like automating the traffic lights which they suggest will make that city ‘smart.’ Te difference, claims Hutchison, is that


intelligent communities start with a high-level planning exercise, a steering committee to focus not only on the efficiencies brought about by technology, but also by bringing about a more convenient way of life. Tis attracts investment and young people who want to work in the city. “It is a matter of starting with an overall strategy,


a framework, and finding ways to connect it all together in an integrated manner. Te overall goal is to create a more convenient life to transform services and save money. It includes ways to deliver healthcare, such as bringing diagnostics right into the home, and connecting with hospitals so that people can stay longer in their own homes.” One of the best published movements in the


field is Singapore, with its plans for Intelligent Nation, or IN 2015, which reflects all aspects of the community. Hutchison spent six years in Singapore, and says the nation is a “model for the world”, where an engineered society has converted an “island swamp” into a highly developed nation. Te smart city project In Toronto, which


focused on the revitalisation of the waterfront, started with 36 people on an advisory committee, including two from healthcare, two leaders from the arts and others from the worlds of education, entertainment, government and politics. Technology companies were also involved, but not just to talk about implementing technology. “Te key was to get them brainstorming


and prioritising, to get a sense of where we wanted to go”, says Hutchison. Toronto has since won the Smart City


competition in 2014, and Bill Hutchison has also been involved in many other smart city projects, including those in Malaysia, Smart Island Singapore and Hong Kong’s Cyber Port innovative district.


CREATING A SMART CITY “Te creation of competitive broadband is crucial”, says Hutchison. “Tere may be large, politically powerful telephone companies, but as a general rule they have not implemented the most advanced broadband. It is not just about the technology; it is about making advanced networks which make


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‘IT IS A MATTER OF STARTING WITH AN OVERALL STRATEGY, A FRAMEWORK, AND FINDING WAYS TO CONNECT IT ALL TOGETHER IN AN INTEGRATED MANNER.’


the city an attractive place for young people to work, whether this is in graphics or other areas. “Te governance planning of the programme


is also important. Te way you create a broadly- based steering committee and instigate planning with support from everyone is difficult, and not many governments have conquered this one.” In healthcare, for example, the technology


exists to allow remote diagnostics, where someone is treated by a virtual nurse on the TV who can see their injuries, leading to massive savings in national health bills. A company in Sweden has already developed such a system. Hutchison’s passion is that smart cities should


benefit ordinary people, and this can happen in the areas of health, government services, transport systems and even the delivery of sites such as TripAdvisor that let people know what others think. “Ours is a sharing economy”, he says. “Tere


are accomodation services such as Airbnb, and even sensors under all parking spots with an app that informs people how to find their nearest available parking place. Tis is convenient for people, but also good for the environment too as it save hours of driving around.” As the smart cities of today evolve, their


systems are ongoing, and all the winners of the Intelligent Community of the Year Award are attracting investment. Hutchison says they “built a living laboratory” with the Toronto Waterfront, which all Canadians own and can learn from.


EV


I-CANADA is a movement dedicated towards making all Canadian communities, large and small, urban and rural, into intelligent communities with e-health, e-work, e-commerce, e-education and e-government.


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