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MASTER PLANNING


‘It is necessary to work with architects, planning


consultants, health authorities, and developers to ensure that design proposals do not adversely affect microclimate.’


• It maximises the health and commercial value and helps to determine the use of


• external spaces. A range of building typologies, layouts and design strategies can be iteratively tested


• without recourse to physical models. The influence of the Urban Heat Island effect on the local microclimate can be quantified, and mitigation strategies developed for the benefit of patients under recovery and likely users of external


• areas. It identifies risks associated with extreme temperatures, winds and solar exposure to limit best time for patients, visitors and staff.


The microclimate studies assess semi and external comfort levels, its potential use and health and commercial value for different times of the day and weather seasons. This can start from the earliest stages of design,


comparing different building layouts (effect of shading, orientation, etc), progressing through to detailed design of shelter schemes and landscaping directly link to the hospital and wards activities.


References 1 Neducin D, Krkljes M, Kurtovic-olic N. Hospital


Outdoor Spaces – Therapeutic Benefits and Design Considerations. Facta Universitatis, Series: Architecture and Civil Engineering 2012; 8(N 3): 293-305.


2 Ulrich R. Health Benefits of Gardens in Hospitals, Effects of Gardens on Health – Conference Plants for People, International Exhibition, Florida 2002.


3 Palmer, Vazquez, Knapp and Wright, 2003. CWE for Real Buildings. 5th International Conference of Wind Engineering, Lubbock, Texas 2003.


4 Palmer, Vazquez, Knapp and Wright. The practical application of CFD to Wind


Engineering Problems. IBPSA Building Simulation Eindhoven 2003.


5 European Research Community On Flow Turbulence And Combustion [ERCOFTAC] special interest group on ‘Quality and Trust in CFD’. Best Practice Guildelines, version 1.0, January 2000.


6 Franke J, Hirsch C, Jenson AG, Krus HW, Schatzmann M, Westbury PS, Miles SD, Wisse JA and Wright NG. 2004. Recommendations on the use of CFD in wind engineering. COST Action C14: Urban wind engineering and industrial aerodynamics. Rhode-St-Genese, Belgium.





7 Franke J, Hellsten A, Schlünzen, and Carissimo B. 2007. Best practice guide for the CFD simulation of flows in the urban environment. In COST Action 732: Quality assurance and improvement of microscale meteorological models.


8 Jendritzky G, Havenith G, Weihs Ph, Batchvarova E. 2005. COST Action 730 on the Universal Thermal Climate Index UTCI. Proceedings 17th Int. Congress Biometeorology ICB. Ann. d. Met., DWD Offenbach, 2005; 41 (1): 309-312.


9 Julia Revuz, 2011 PhD thesis. Numerical simulation of the wind flow around a tall building and its dynamic response to wind exitation University of Notthingham, 264 pages.


10 Xie Z-T, Castro IP. Efficient Generation of Inflow Conditions for Large Eddy Simulation of Street- Scale Flows. Flow Turbulence Combust. 2008; 81: 449-70.


Providing insights into the vast field of healthcare engineering and facility management


94 IFHE DIGEST 2015


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