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BUILDING DESIGN


Ivan Hildebrandt – Architect Heriberto Hildbrandt – Architect


Designing to meet cultural needs


The new Cañete Hospital is the first intercultural hospital to be built in Chile. It was designed in harmony with the beliefs of the Mapuche culture and the need for better healthcare assistance for the inhabitants of the province of Arauco.


Cañete is a town of 32,000 inhabitants, 135 km south of Concepción, the capital of Biobío region of Chile. It is located in the province of Arauco, which was originally native Mapuche-Lavkenche territory. Cañete also stands close to the epicenter of a great earthquake which occurred in 2010. The province of Arauco also has a long


history of social conflict, due to the presence of Mapuche people and its longstanding dispute with the Chilean State. With the Mapuche medicine gaining


followers in recent years the new Cañete Hospital is one of the first hospitals with intercultural relevance in Chile, meeting the needs of both western and ancestral medicine. The original hospital in Cañete city was


not able to cope with the sanitary needs of the local population, which led to a requirement for a new facility. To involve the Mapuche people, the Mapuche-Lavquenche


A general view of the Kallvu Llanka hospital entrance, showing the domed outpatients waiting areas.


community was approached by the draft architect, to work together to design the health complex. This resulted in a draft with very particular characteristics. In the Mapuche cosmovision, life has a


sense where the beginning (sunrise) is East and the end (sunset) is West. Therefore, Mapuches usually sleep with their head towards the east. On the contrary, when a Mapuche dies, they are buried with their


head oriented towards the west, the direction of death. One of the requests for the hospital


design was that the orientation of the main entrance should be on the east – where the sun rises and life begins – while the arrangement of the 80 in-patient beds should follow the concept of fluidity of energies, positive negative, e.g. bed head east and feet to the west.


Heriberto Hildebrandt


Heriberto Hildebrandt – first architect U. Chile, Dipl.-Ing – is a partner of Hildebrandt + Asociados, a hospital planning consulting company with over 30 years of experience in Chile and abroad.


Diagram showing the layout of the Kallvu Llanka hospital. IFHE DIGEST 2015 63


Ivan Hildebrandt


Ivan Hildebrandt – architect UTFSM (2004), LEED AP BD+C (2010) – is the general manager at Hildebrandt + Asociados. He is a member of Colegio de Arquitectos de Chile and a member of AARQHOS, the Chilean Association of Hospital Architecture and Specialties.


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