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Nutrition


First Aid


• Having nausea or vomiting • Experiencing dizziness or balance problems • Having double or blurry vision • Being sensitive to light and/or noise • Experiencing changes in mood (being irritable, sad, emotional or nervous) • Feeling drowsy • Sleeping more or less than usual • Having trouble falling asleep. Symptoms that require a trip to the emer- gency department right away include: • Loss of consciousness • A worsening, lingering headache • Being numb, weak or losing coordination • Repeated vomiting • Slurred speech • Severe drowsiness, inability to wake up • Having one pupil larger than the other • A convulsion or a seizure • Worsening confusion, restlessness, agitation or unusual behavior • Inability to recognize surrounding people • Inability to stop crying or to be consoled • Refusal to nurse or to eat (in babies and young children).


Treatment All concussions are serious and must be eval- uated by a health care provider. T e severity of the symptoms will determine if a visit to the emergency department is necessary. Young kids and teens tend to recover


from concussions more slowly than adults. Most kids recover fully, without permanent issues. However, once a child suff ers a con- cussion, there is a higher risk for a future concussion, and recovery may take longer. A CT scan or MRI and neurological tests


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Whether mild or severe, all concussions need to be evaluated by a health care provider


may be done to learn the level of injury. Treatment includes complete rest from physical and mental activities, which may aff ect school attendance.


Prevention Not all concussions can be prevented, but some can be avoided. Observing these safety rules is a good start. • For riding activities and contact sports, kids must wear helmets that fi t properly. • Restrain all passengers in any vehicle. • Instruct athletes on game rules, follow- ing the rules and playing the sport safely. • Teach kids to let a coach or parent know if they hit their head or are having symptoms of a concussion. • Remember this recommendation from the American Academy of Pediatrics: “When in doubt, sit them out!”


Kathy Kent, DNP, CPNP, works for North- point Pediatrics in Indianapolis, IN. She is also the owner of the BABY SQUAD, LLC, a company dedicated to educating parents in the care and safety of young kids.


www.readysetgrowmag.com


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