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Child Safety


for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends the following safety tips when kids are near dogs. • Never approach an unfamiliar dog. • Never run from a dog or scream. • If you are approached by an unfamiliar dog, remain still. • If you are knocked over by a dog, roll into a ball and lie still. • Avoid direct eye contact. • Avoid disturbing dogs that are caring for puppies, or that are sleeping or eating. • Do not pet a dog without allowing the dog to see and sniff you fi rst. • Do not play with a dog unless super- vised by an adult. • Report a stray dog or dog with unusual behavior to an adult.


• If bitten, immediately report the bite to an adult. Similar precautions should be taken


Before petting a dog, allow the dog to see and sniff you


with cats. Snake and other wild animal bites re- sult most often when someone attempts to handle an animal, or when an animal is harassed or startled. Teach your kids to stay away from all wild animals and snakes, and to report to parents or adults when wild animals are acting in strange ways — for example, if a raccoon or bat is around in the daytime or looks sick. If an animal bites your child, fi nd out about the animal. If your child is bleed- ing from the bite, apply fi rm pressure to the area for at least fi ve minutes or until the bleeding stops. Wash the wound with soap and water, and immediately contact your health care provider’s offi ce. If you are unable to stop the bleeding, ask your health care provider the best place to take your child. If a snake bites your child and the skin is broken, do not apply a tourniquet or attempt to suck the venom out of the wound. Instead, seek immediate medical attention, apply a pressure dressing that does not restrict blood fl ow to the wound and immobilize the aff ected limb. Having the right knowledge can go a long way toward protecting your kids from injury and feeling more confi dent about what to do if they get hurt.


Lia W. McNeely MA, MSN, CPNP, is a PNP at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.


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