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Historical Biography 21

only three of many reasons for the ageing, childless Queen to detest her. She became inspiration and muse to countless poets and musicians and knew many of the celebrated artistic figures of the day, including William Shakespeare. Yet her story ended in tragedy. She died in disgrace, a widow, cast out from court and stripped of all her titles. 320 pages. Colour plates. £18.99 NOW £7

67483 MAN WHO MADE LISTS by Joshua Kendall

Peter Mark Roget, polymath, eccentric and synonym aficionado, was a complicated man. He was a scholar obsessed with his work, yet he had an undeniable allure that endeared him to his contemporaries, not least a host of female admirers. Notably, he made lists. From the heavenly bodies to animals, vegetables and minerals, young Roget began his quest to put everything in its rightful place, one word at a time. Despite hardship, he lived a colourful life. He narrowly avoided jail in Napoleon’s France, assisted famed physician Thomas Beddoes by personally testing the effects of laughing gas, invented the slide rule and of course brought to life that book that would become synonymous with synonyms. Explores the power of words and the legacy of a rediscovered genius. 297pp, illus. $25.95 NOW £3

67642 A LIFE OF EMILY BRONTE by Edward Chitham

Biographical material on Emily Brontë is scarce. In the past, biographers have taken this as an excuse to portray intuition as fact, creating a confused and inaccurate image of the author of Wuthering Heights. In this volume, however, the author searches diligently for the truth. He describes his book as an ‘investigative biography’, delving into Emily’s childhood, her relationships with her family, her father’s Irish roots and the influences of her friends and acquaintances. Using material neglected by other biographers, he makes an illuminating and scholarly study of the events and characters that shaped Emily’s inspiration - a puzzle that has confounded many and made her, up to this point, an enigmatic and misrepresented figure. 288 paperback pages, illus. £16.99 NOW £6.50

67645 ARTHUR: The King in the West by R. W. Dunning

The written evidence about King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table is sparse and difficult to interpret with certainty, and historians take diametrically opposed views. It traces the growth of the legend of the King and his link with the West Country, bringing together archaeology, early and relatively recently written sources, tradition and myth. The book focuses in particular on the ancient Abbey of Glastonbury and the South Cadbury hill fort, one a possible link with the Dark Age Arthur, the other well known for its exploitation of the hero king and the Grail legend. 96 paperback pages, newly revised and updated with many photos, maps, plans and illus including colour plates. £14.99 NOW £5

67646 CATHERINE PARR: Wife, Widow, Mother, Survivor The Story of the Last

Queen of Henry VIII by Elizabeth Norton Catherine Parr was enjoying her freedom after her first two arranged marriages when she caught the attention of the elderly King. The most reluctant of all Henry’s wives, she offered to become his mistress

rather than submit herself to the dangers of becoming his sixth queen! However, she quickly made her role as queen a success, providing Henry with a domestic tranquillity that he had not known since the early days of his first queen, although he never stopped considering a new marriage, much to her terror. It was a relief when he died and she could marry her handsome lover, Thomas Seymour, only to discover a secret relationship between him and her step-daughter, the future Elizabeth I. Tragically, she died in childbirth, accusing her husband of plotting her death. 288 pages illus in b/w and colour. £18.99 NOW £7.50

67655 OWAIN GLYNDWR: The Story of the

Last Prince of Wales by Terry Breverton The life, and certainly death, of this Welsh hero is little known; a cultured, literate warrior, he was never betrayed or captured, but just vanished. If it had not been for his 15 year struggle against overwhelming odds, Wales would have been absorbed into England 600 years ago, and thus his war is the defining era in the history of Wales. No less than six English invasions were beaten back by his army of volunteers before Owain Glyndwr disappeared, his family and children either dead or imprisoned for life. It is most likely that after being sheltered for several years he died naturally c.1415, and was secretly buried to keep the English guessing. His war of independence led the way for eventual Welsh supremacy, as seven decades later a Welsh army won at Bosworth Field, and the Tudor dynasty was founded. Here we learn how Glyndwr came to stir Wales into a seemingly suicidal war, why his name still resonates as one of the greatest warriors the world has ever seen. 192pp softback, colour photos. £15.99 NOW £6

67681 GEORGE IV by Michael De-La-Noy George IV was and continues to be admired as an architectural patron of genius. His reconstruction of Windsor Castle and commissioning of the Brighton Pavilion and his London home, Carlton House, made him the envy of monarchs throughout Europe. Yet his life was stalked by both tragedy and farce and he provided for some of the most salacious and lampooning cartoons ever published. His father was considered mad, his daughter died in childbirth, his secret marriage to Mrs Fitzherbert was illegal, and his official marriage to Caroline of Brunswick was a disaster. He also managed to infuriate his ministers. 112pp in paperback, illus. £4.99 NOW £1.75


67685 QUEEN VICTORIA by Elizabeth Longford

Victoria ascended the throne in 1837 on the death of her uncle , William IV. In 1840 she married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and for the next 20 years they were inseparable. Their descendents were to succeed to most of the thrones of Europe. When Albert died in 1861, Victoria’s overwhelming grief made her almost withdraw from public life. This perceived dereliction of public duty, coupled with rumours about her relationship with John Brown, led to increasing criticism.

Coaxed back into the public eye by Disraeli, she resumed her political and constitutional duties with vigour until her death in 1901. Family tree and photos, 122pp in paperback. £6.99 NOW £2


England in the Viking Age by Isabella Strachan In 1002, a beautiful 18 year old named Emma, the half- Danish sister of the Duke of Normandy and a descendant of Vikings, sailed to England to become the Queen of Ethelred the Unready, who needed a Norman alliance against Viking raiders. Before it was over she would have married two kings, Ethelred and the Danish Canute, and would have given birth to two more, Edward the Confessor and Hardecanute. From her home in Winchester, the Saxon capital, Emma operated as a significant political figure in her own right. Her writings suggest that she was a Danish nationalist who wished to see England joined with Viking Denmark. But ultimately it was her great nephew, William the Conqueror, who would decide the destiny of England in 1066. Emma’s queenship stood at the meeting point of three cultures in early Middle Ages England - Saxon, Viking and Norman. 192pp in paperback with maps and illus. £13.95 NOW £5


Hanover to Windsor by Mark Hichens Of the nine wives considered here, all but two were faithful partners, which is a great deal more loyal than their husbands generally were. Charlotte, wife of George III had to endure the mockery and abuse of her husband’s descent into dementia, and Alexandra had to keep her public dignity in the face of Edward VII’s barely concealed multiple infidelities. The joker in the pack is Wallis Simpson: twice divorced, of dubious reputation and the cause of the monarchy greatest ever crisis, her marriage to Edward VIII was to survive their exile and last until his death. From the incarcerated Sophia, divorced wife of George I, to the redoubtable and much-loved Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, the survival of the British monarchy is due in no small measure to them. Photos and portraits, 182pp. £19.95 NOW £5

68315 APRIL QUEEN: Eleanor of Aquitaine by Douglas Boyd

Using French, Old French, Latin and Occitan sources, Boyd lays bare Eleanor’s relationships, friendships, her clothes and even the food she ate in his learned biography which tells a fascinating tale. Eleanor of Aquitaine was the only person ever to sit on the thrones of both France and England. In this account of the turbulent adventures of the extraordinary mother of Richard the Lionheart and King John, Boyd takes us into the heart and mind of a woman who changed the shape of Europe for 300 years. Brought up in the comfort and culture loving Mediterranean civilisation of southern France, she was a European with a continent-wide vision, a peculiarly ‘modern’ woman who rejected the subordinate female role decreed by the Church. 360pp in paperback with illus and maps. £9.99 NOW £5


Spanish Queen by Giles Tremlett In 1501 a 15 year old Spanish princess, Catherine of Aragon, rode out from the magnificent Alhambra Palace in Granada. Ahead of her lay a journey to distant England, marriage to the Prince of Wales, and eventually a crucial place in English history as the first wife of Henry VIII. Loved by the people, bold at war and obstinate under attack, Catherine’s battle against divorce and Anne Boleyn changed the life of England forever. Tremlett exposes Catherine’s more private moments in his new biography, the first in more than four decades dedicated to this tenacious woman. 458pp in paperback with colour photos, map and family tree. £9.99 NOW £5

68333 LAWRENCE OF ARABIA: Mirage of a Desert War by Adrian Greaves

T. E. Lawrence is one of the most enigmatic characters in British history. At the outbreak of WWI he had no military training yet he succeeded where all others had failed - not only did he unite the Arab nation, he also led them to victory against the Turkish Army. Poseur, conman and compulsive show off, Lawrence was also brave, brilliant and far sighted. He was never captured and tortured by the Turks as he claimed, nor was he the first to dynamite a Turkish train. Yet the truth is just as compelling as the fiction - he was far more ruthless than he portrayed himself and the battles he fought were every bit as barbarous as those fought by his enemies. Many remember him as the young Englishman who wore Arab clothes, was adored by the Arabs and who went to war on their behalf in a Rolls Royce, threw out Turkish occupiers and was present when the new Arab army, which valiantly supported General Allenby’s advancing army, managed to reach Damascus ahead of the Allies. 260pp in paperback, photos. £8.99 NOW £3.75

68343 TWO QUEENS IN ONE ISLE by Alison Plowden

The relationship between Queen Elizabeth I of England and her cousin Mary, Queen of Scots is one of the most complex, tempestuous and fascinating in history. United in blood but divided by religion, the two women were in some ways uniquely close and in others, poles apart. Championed by English Catholics as the rightful Queen of England, Mary was nevertheless given protection by her cousin after she was deposed amid outrage at her immoral behaviour. Rumours of papist plots involving Mary were rife and Elizabeth was put under extreme pressure to be rid of this dangerous threat to her sovereignty and the Protestant Church in England. After much reluctance and procrastination, Elizabeth finally signed Mary’s death warrant. 241pp in paperback reprint. £9.99 NOW £3.75

68473 ROBIN HOOD: The Unknown Templar by John Paul Davis

John Paul Davis, while undertaking research on the Knights Templar, has uncovered persuasive evidence on the popular medieval hero Robin Hood suggesting that he was, in fact, a real person with close ties to the religious military order. Adhering closely to historical sources, he discusses the origins of the legend and traditional portrayals of this charismatic, freedom-loving outlaw. He provides startling new insights into the character on whom he is based, who probably lived 100 years or so later than the Robin of legend, whose exploits were generally dated in the reign of Richard the Lionheart. 275pp in paperback with photos. £11.99 NOW £5.50

Bibliophile Books Unit 5 Datapoint, 6 South Crescent, London E16 4TL TEL: 020 74 74 24 74 68407 RIGHT HONOURABLE WILLIAM

EWART GLADSTONE by George W. E. Russell Written in 1891 from the unparalleled standpoint of a personal acquaintance, Russell presents a clear, chronological account of the events that had, thus far, taken place in Gladstone’s life, from his childhood, education and early political influences through to his roles as leader of the Liberal party and Prime Minister in three governments. He reveals the moral authority that Gladstone stamped upon politics during his career, through reforms which affected almost every sphere of life at the time. Here, the successive events of a great man’s life, and his own recorded words, have been allowed to speak for themselves, as have the writings of other contemporary observers. 191 paperback pages with introduction to the modern edition. £14.99 NOW £3


Family at the Heart of History by Mary S. Lovell

Of all the great British families none has been more overshadowed by the force of one member’s personality than the Churchills. Ever since John Churchill, the 1st Duke of Marlborough, a soldier of genius, empire builder and cuckholder of Charles II, who was given Blenheim Palace for his brilliant victory at the

eponymous battle in 1704, defeating the French in the War of the Spanish Succession, the Churchills have been politicians, gamblers, profligates, womanisers and heroes. The family flourished in the 19th and 20th centuries, achieving power and influence in Britain and the US, helped by good marriages to New York society beauties such as Jennie Jerome and Consuelo Vanderbilt, and then, of course, there was the little matter of Winston and the War. Here are triumphant campaigns both military and political, grand houses, quiet domestic tragedies, some disastrous marriages, ending in syphilis, guns at the bedside and papal annulment, and profoundly successful, happy ones, such as Winston’s own to Clementine Hosier. 624pp with 32 pages of b/w photos. £25 NOW £8

68588 SHE WOLVES: The Women Who Ruled

England Before Elizabeth by Helen Castor When Henry VIII’s longed-for son, Edward VI, lay dying at the tragically early age of just 15, the four contenders for his crown were, for the first time in English history, all female. But female rule already had a history in England. Four centuries earlier Matilda, daughter of Henry I, came within a whisker of securing the crown, and between the 12th and 15th centuries three exceptional women - Eleanor of Aquitaine, Isabella of France and Margaret of Anjou - discovered how much was possible if presumption of male rule was not confronted directly, and just how quickly they could be vilified as “she-wolves” for their efforts. Helen Castor tells the story of these three remarkable women. 474pp with colour plates. £20 NOW £6.50

68619 COLONEL BLOOD: The Man Whole Stole the Crown

Jewels by David Hanrahan Born into a prominent Anglo-Irish family, Colonel Thomas Blood (c.1618-80) was a celebrity in his own lifetime. Blood’s audacity and wit led him to be the only person ever to successfully steal the crown jewels from the Tower of London. This is the first exploration of this fascinating character for over 50

years. What was the underlying motive for the leniency shown by Charles II? Was Blood really a secret agent working for the government? Did he provide the authorities with valuable information or had he a powerful backer who interceded on his behalf with the king? Crown jewel thief, kidnapper, suspected double agent, would-be regicide and religious fanatic, here is a terrific biographical elegy to an intriguing criminal. 212pp, photos. £20 NOW £6

68626 LIVES IN PRINT: Biography and the Book Trade From the Middle Ages to the 21st Century edited by Robin Myers, Michael Harris and Giles Mandelbrote

Biography as a genre has a long history and this collection of original essays points the reader in two directions. Firstly it shows how biography has become one of the staples of the business of publishing and, second, it highlights the role of the men and women who earned their living in the production and distribution of books and serials. From manuscript lives of the saints to the current revision and production of the new Dictionary of National Biography, mezzotints and engraved portraits, and Shakespeare’s Lives In Print 1662-1821 are among the chapter headings. 2002 first edition, published by Oak Knowl Press and The British Library. 208pp. Illus.

£24.97 NOW £5.50 66729 LANCASHIRE GIANT: David

Shackleton: Labour Leader and Civil Servant by Ross Martin

Lancashire-born, David’s father entered him into the cotton trade at the age of nine, as a half-time weaver. He did well, and at 13 he had three looms, but, though ‘half-time’, he still worked over 30 hours a week, in addition to school hours. A bright boy, David developed an interest in politics and by the time he was a young adult was involved with the local weavers’ union. He soon made his mark, becoming a leading light in the Edwardian trade union movement. Later, he became a Labour M.P., playing a decisive role in the party’s formative years, before a career switch took him to the top of the British Civil Service where he was made permanent secretary of the new Ministry of Labour. Softback, 222pp, b/w illus. £20 NOW £2.50

68671 A DAUGHTER’S LOVE: Thomas More

and His Dearest Meg by John Guy One of the most accomplished women in Europe in the reign of Henry VIII, Margaret More was praised by Erasmus for her learning. But Erasmus freely admitted that he himself was not made for martyrdom, whereas Margaret’s father Sir Thomas More could not in conscience accept Henry’s divorce and paid the ultimate penalty. More did all he could to avoid execution and


was willing to recognise Anne Boleyn as Queen, but marriage was subject to the higher authority of the Church. When More was in the Tower his daughter Margaret was able to visit him every day by pretending that she was persuading him to take the oath. In fact the two were writing a dialogue in the form of letters, giving Thomas the opportunity to justify his position in eloquently argued prose. If Margaret had not carefully preserved More’s letters from prison, he would now be a footnote in the history books instead of a martyr of the Catholic Church, widely revered for his integrity. 378pp, b/w reproductions. $30 NOW £7


History is written by the victors. - Winston Churchill

69116 OFF WITH HER HEAD! Henry VIII, The Life

and Loves of Bluff King Hal by English Heritage

It is the power and the passion, the intrigues and in-fighting that make the reign of Henry VIII so fascinating. Whether or not he ever exclaimed ‘Off with her head!’,

history suggests that the sentiment would have appealed to his fiery nature. Of his six spouses, one died, one survived, he divorced two and beheaded two. With a family history like this, it is little wonder that his younger daughter vowed that she would never marry, and died the celebrated Virgin Queen. Whether he was taking on the Pope, taking over the property and possessions of the monasteries or taking to task the king of France, Henry stamped his formidable mark on English history and has come down to us as one of our most influential and colourful monarchs. 92 pocket-sized pages illus in b/w. £7.99 NOW £3


AND THE WHIG PARTY by Arthur Aspinall ‘The magistrates there [in Manchester] and all over Lancashire I have long known for the worst in England, the most bigotted, violent and active. I am quite indignant at this Manchester business.’ This was Henry Brougham’s typically outspoken summary of the main cause of the Peterloo Massacre in 1819. Such scorn for the political

élite and concern for the ‘lower orders’ was contrary to the prevailing attitudes among his peers, something which provides a motif for his life - a man who counted other leading Radicals such as William Hazlitt, Charles Lamb and Lord Byron among his many friends. After becoming an MP, Brougham soon established himself as one of the foremost Radicals in Parliament. He spoke out against many of the major social evils of his time and abdicated a state-funded education system many years before anyone else. Appointed Lord Chancellor in 1830, he was instrumental in helping to pass the Reform Act of 1832, the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833 and the Municipal Reform Act of 1835. Accepted into Edinburgh University at the age of just 14, he was a formidable lawyer and held a distinguished parliamentary career. Our biography is a compelling portrait of one of the great politicians of the 19th century. 480pp in illustrated paperback. £12 NOW £5

68328 GREAT BRITISH BOBBY by Clive Emsley

The name ‘Bobby’ comes from Sir Robert Peel who, as Home Secretary, oversaw the creation of the Metropolitan Police in 1829. The period covered sees massive economic, social and political change in Britain. The policing institution has shifted significantly from having its primary relationship directly with the local community to becoming an instrument of the central state. The archetypal Bobby remains PC George Dixon, a character created for the 1950 feature film The Blue Lamp and resurrected for Dixon of Dock Green which ran from 1955 to 1976. 338pp in paperback, photos. £8.99 NOW £2.50

69164 MEDIEVAL LIFE Manners, Customs and Dress During the Middle Ages by Paul Lacroix

This edition includes over 400 original woodcuts from the original and many colour plates and expounds upon such aspects as condition of persons and land, privileges and rights, private life in castles, towns and rural districts, food and cookery hunting, games and pastimes, commerce, guilds and trade corporations, taxes, money and finance, law and administration of justice, secret tribunals, punishments, gypsies, tramps and beggars, ceremonials, costumes, the Jewish communities and much more. This extraordinary account of bygone days is both a charming curiosity in itself and a rich source of information. A triumph of scholarship and the tour de force of the prolific writer Paul Lacroix (1806-1884), aka “Bibliophile Jacob”, it was first published in the 1870s after Lacroix decided that his landmark studies of the period, published in the previous two decades, needed to be made more accessible to the general public. Incredibly wide- ranging, this facsimile edition of that volume describes in meticulous, vivid detail all aspects of medieval life, and the book’s own antiquity makes its descriptions so much more dramatic and immediate. It is very easy to forget that we are reading a 140 year old text, so well did Lacroix write. Big saving on a new title. 554pp.

£19.99 NOW £12.50

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