This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
regardless of age or sex, wear school uniform with the colour denoting grade level. Primary education lasts for six years. At the end of basic secondary education, pupils can choose between pre-university education or a technical and professional education.


Students completing pre-university education are awarded the Bachillerato (secondary school leaving certificate). Technical training leads to two levels of qualification; skilled worker and middle- level technician. Successful completion of this cycle gives student access to the technological institutes.


It is not an unusual phenomenon in Cuba that female students choose technical careers and also that we represent a significant percentage among the students of engineering specialities.


Higher education is provided by universities, higher institutes, higher pedagogical institutes, centres of higher education and higher polytechnic institutes. All higher education institutions are public. Until 1992, Cuba was a member of the CMEA (Council of Mutual Economic Assistance) headed by the Soviet Union. Many students were graduated in different institutions across European Socialist countries as part of an interchange programme created to assist developing countries in the preparation of their professionals.


After I finished my pre-university studies in 1985 I formed a group of students who were trained in different languages in order to complete their tertiary studies overseas. I graduated at Moscow University of Transport in 1991 as a Building Engineer specialised in construction of bridges and tunnels for railways. Our group was trained to fulfil the specific needs of the company responsible for building the subway in Havana, which was a developing project at the time.


86 Management Today | April 2012


Libia Gonzalez-Rolando (right) in her current role at Western Cape Department of Human Settlements.


I completed the social service as part of a team of newly graduated engineers working for the company in charge of the design and construction of Havana Subway. This project would be a challenge for all of us, both newly graduated and more experienced professionals, as it would be the first time that Cuban professionals were involved in this type of work.


It was in 1999, when I started my first job as an engineer on site, that I knew my true calling was to be there. It was a difficult road to walk as men dominant in the administrative and technical force within the building environment. But the commitment of every Cuban citizen to our country is what makes us sacrifice even our personal lives and families in order to contribute to the well-being of our people.


I was part of a program named “Battle of Ideas” created by Fidel Castro. Its aim was to defend the achievements of the Revolution in spite of the economic situation that prevailed in the country due to the fall of the Socialist System and the economic seizure that we were subjected to by the US government.


During that period my performance as a


professional in the engineering environment improved considerably, working on site gave me the necessary experience and prestige to be promoted to different levels of management within the technical field.


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103