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precision, a comfort level ZLWK WKDW SUHFLVLRQ DQG FRQ- trolling every element of that SUHFLVLRQ WR VKRRW WKH H[DFW VDPH ZD\ WLPH DQG WLPH again. ´7KH EHVW ZD\ , NQRZ WR


relate the level of precision LQ WKLV VSRUW LV E\ H[SODLQ- ing some of the tiny details that have major impacts on RXWFRPH µ %HDUG H[SODLQV ´)RU H[DPSOH \RX ZRXOG EH VKRFNHG WR NQRZ KRZ PXFK time some of my teammates put into modifying the pistol JULS RI WKHLU ULÁH , KDYH VSHQW KRXUV DQG KRXUV ZRUNLQJ RQ P\ JULS GUHPHOOLQJ DZD\ WKHQ DGGLQJ VRPH HSR[\ WKHQ GUHPHOOLQJ DQG ZKHQ , ÀQDOO\ WKLQN ,·YH SHUIHFWHG LW I realize it bulges a little bit on this tendon in my hand, ZKLFK FDXVHV WKH ULÁH WR PRYH HYHU VR VOLJKWO\ ZKHQ I pull the trigger. Which, of course, I can’t afford. So WKH ZRUN FRQWLQXHV ,Q WKH standing position, having one foot out a couple of mil- limeters too many means a big change in the natural SRLQW RI DLP ZKLFK WUDQV-


ODWHV WR IRUFLQJ WKH ULÁH RQWR WKH WDUJHW LQVWHDG RI UHOD[LQJ into a consistent position. Sometimes people only real- L]H WKLV KDOIZD\ WKURXJK WKH PDWFK ZKHQ WKH\·YH DOUHDG\ VDFULÀFHG WRR PDQ\ SRLQWV WR ZLQ DOO EHFDXVH RI WKDW IRRW And by ‘too many points’, I mean maybe 2 or 3. In any position, having the face angled slightly differently for one shot means aligning sights and the target incor- UHFWO\ PDNLQJ WKLV PLVWDNH several times can easily cost you the match.” In pursuit of perfection,


mastery of fundamentals only gets you so far in the VSRUW KRZHYHU 6R PDQ\ IDFWRUV JR LQWR PDNLQJ WKH perfect shot and repeating it over and over again. Again, it’s the things people can’t VHH WKDW XVXDOO\ PDNHV DOO the difference including heart, breath and brain. 2I WKH KHDUW +HLQ] 5H-


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10-Ring Size


50m Smallbore Rifle


1 cm


10m Air Rifle 0.5 mm (about 0.02 inches)


10m Air Pistol 1.1 cm (about 0.45 inches)


50n Free Pistol 5 cm (2 inches)


25m Rapid Fire Pistol


25m Sport Pistol


10 cm (4 inches)


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5 cm (2 inches) 5DSLG


FP (4 inches) Equivalent 0 3 Thumbnail 3HQFLO 7LS Dime


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shooting sports. Many shots miss their target because the heart’s agitation causes the competitor’s hands to VKDNH ,I \RX PDNH D PLV- WDNH WKH\ FODLP \RXU SXOVH can shoot up from 60 to 200 beats a minute in a fraction of a second. When shoot- ing under normal condi- WLRQV \RXU SXOVH ÁXFWXDWHV EHWZHHQ DQG EHDWV SHU PLQXWH ,W GRHVQ·W WDNH long to reach 140 to 160 beats per minute and it can reach as high as 200 beats SHU PLQXWH XQGHU H[WUHPH circumstances. ´, VZHDU LQ WKH


2O\PSLFV P\ KHDUW UDWH ZDV 160 bps on my last shot LQ WKH ÀQDO µ UHFDOOV &RUN- LVK ´ ESV WKDW LV ZKDW I run at, but nerves can do WKDW WR \RX 1RZ WKLQN DERXW your heart rate beating that fast and having about 15 VHFRQGV WR FDOP LW GRZQ WR load and shoot another shot ZKHUH \RX DUH WU\LQJ WR KLW D GLPH IURP


\DUGV DZD\ µ In shooting, breathing


is an integral part of the technical processes and re-


How Small Is It? PSS Score VKRWV SRVLWLRQ


: 3 VKRWV SRVLWLRQ 3URQH


0 VKRWV : VKRWV


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(60 shots) 560/600 VKRWV


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World Record 0 3


3 3URQH 633.0 (10.55 avg)


0 DYJ : (10.57 avg)


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quirements and is further stabilized by thousands of UHSHWLWLRQV (YHQ WKH VOLJKW- HVW PLVWDNH ZKLOH GUDZLQJ D breath can jeopardize this delicate dynamic. 2012 Olympian Sarah


6FKHUHU H[SODLQV WKH W\SH RI FRPSOH[LW\ WKDW JRHV LQWR her breathing using three levels of abdominal muscles DQG WKH GLDSKUDJP DQG KRZ WKDW LV LQWHUWZLQHG ZLWK VXS- SRUW DQG SRVLWLRQ ´$V ULÁH DWKOHWHV ZH KDYH WR EH DEOH to independently contract DQG UHOD[ WKHVH WR SURSHUO\ support our position but also limit muscle tension ZKLFK VORZV WKH PRYHPHQW RI RXU ULÁHV 7KLV VNLOO WR VL- PXOWDQHRXV UHOD[ D PXVFOH group and contract another PXVFOH JURXS WDNHV \HDUV RI training and development WR DWWDLQ WKLV H[WUHPH OHYHO of body control. To shoot at my best, I need to be able to contract the deepest level RI P\ DEV UHOD[ WKH H[WHULRU WZR OHYHOV RI P\ DEV WDNH D GHHS EUHDWK DQG WKHQ UHOD[ my diaphragm. At the same time, I consciously close my


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