age effects indicate that maize and other cereals should be accorded high priority in Mozambique’s agricultural growth strategy. This is because yield improvements in cereal crops not only benefi t households directly (by increasing incomes from agri- cultural production), but they also allow farmers to diversify into horticulture and other high-value crops. Cereals are already a large sector, and they have strong downstream linkages to nonagriculture. Thus, cereals growth stimulates economy- wide growth and poverty reduction. However, the results from this study reveal the importance of Mozambique exploring new export crops, particularly biofuels. Although biofuel feedstock crops may not be the most effective at reducing poverty per unit of growth, their extremely high growth potential means that they could indeed lead the agricultural sector in generating national growth and poverty reduc- tion. A more careful assessment is needed to gauge sustainability and to identify ways to ensure poverty reduction from biofuels expansion (see Arndt et al. 2010).