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Health Matters
Fig.5 Fig.6
Fig.7
bodyplethysmography. uptake and exchange of oxygen is reduced. The poor oxygen supply
According to the guidelines of the German society for diving and
of the tissue affects the kinetics of nitrogen saturation with a negative
hyperbaric medicine, an X-ray of the lungs is not compulsory.
impact on nitrogen desaturation. It leads to a significantly increase
Considering the mentioned criteria an X-ray does not make sense,
the risk of developing decompression sickness.
since bullae are only recognised if they exceed a certain size. Then,
Circulatory disorder: in the beginning, nicotine is stimulating.
however, clinical symptoms are already present.
Adrenaline is produced, the blood pressure will rise and the heart
A routine accomplished HR-spiral CT even after 20 pack-years of rate accelerates. The blood vessels (arteries) contract, which impairs
cigarettes without apparent clinical symptoms is out of question. circulation. This is the main reason for the negative consequences of
The costly expenses and the incriminatory load of X-rays for the diver smoking. Nicotine narrows the blood vessels – first only temporarily.
are not justifiable. Therefore, the alterations remain untold and after However, the longer a person has been a smoker, the more he/she
20 (or even less) years of cigarettes the risk of a more or less sizable develops chronic malperfusion (blood circulation problems), most of
barotrauma of the lungs increases to an undefinable risk. all in the heart, brain and extremities. This in turn not only increases
Carbon monoxide:
the risk of a heart attack, stroke or amputation, it also makes the
when smoking, carbon monoxide is
onset of decompression sickness more likely.
enriched within the blood. It commits itself more firmly and
permanently to the haemoglobin of the red blood cells. The
Despite the fact many divers are active smokers, smoking is
haemoglobin is meant to bind the oxygen and transport it to
incompatible with scuba because of the increased risks. The relation
the organs and tissues. Due to the fixed connection between
between decompression accidents, lung barotraumas with or without
haemoglobin and carbon monoxide, the gas remains in our blood
arterial gas embolism (AGE) and smoking is there for all to see. (figure
system for a considerable time before we breathe it off. During the
7).
time where the haemoglobin is blocked by carbon monoxide, the
LISTINGS: CDWS members - WATERSpoRTS CENTRES
name address cdWs no. Website address email address telephone
Taba
Egypt Sun Marine Salah Eldine Hotel SSSC 0001 T Mah_ismail@yahoo.com (20) 10 767704
Red Sea Water World Taba Heights SSWS 0001 T www.redseawaterworld.com info@redseawaterworld.com (20) 69 580009
Dahab
Five Circles Panda Resort SSWS 0001 D medhat20007@yahoo.com (20) 69 641024
Sharm el Sheikh
Aaron Waves Oriental Resort Nabq SSWS 0001 S aaronwaves@yahoo.com (20) 69 710061
Egypt Sun Marine Palermo Hotel SSSC 0001 S abdoodiver@hotmail.com (20) 69 66188
El Gammal Water Sports Crown Plaza Hotel SSWS 0002 S gammalwatersports@gmail.com (20) 69 604252
Poseidon Water Sports Hilton Waterfalls Hotel, SSWS 0008 S info@poseidon-sharm.com (20) 12 219996
Hadaba
San Marino New Tiran Beach Hotel SSSC 0002 S tamersharm2@yahoo.com (20) 69 600765
Sharmania Water Sports City Sharm Hotel SSSC 000 S nadermarario@yahoo.com (20) 10 114152
Sharmania Water Sports Sun Rise Island View Hotel SSWS 000 S nadermarario@yahoo.com (20) 10 114152
Sun ‘N Fun Marriott Hotel SSWS 0004 S sunnfun@sinainet.com.eg (20) 69 60162
Sun ‘N Fun Novotel Hotel SSWS 0005 S sunnfun@sinainet.com.eg (20) 69 60162
Sun ‘N Fun Hilton Fayrouz Hotel SSSC 0004 S sunnfun@sinainet.com.eg (20) 69 60162
Sun ‘N Fun Savoy Hotel SSWS 0006 S sunnfun@sinainet.com.eg (20) 69 60162
Sun ‘N Fun Iberotel Hotel , Sharm El SSWS 0007 S sunnfun@sinainet.com.eg (20) 69 60162
Maya
Issue 4 January - February ‘10 www.cdws.travel 45
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