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Lube-Tech Dr. Raj Shah, Dr. Ken Hope, Mr. Anson Law


Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) is used as a lubricant for a car’s transmission to optimise performance, by acting as a coolant to prevent overheating and to provide pressure and torque for power [1]. However, transmission fluid deteriorates over time and can become contaminated which calls for fluid changes and maintenance. There are various transmission fluids that are specific to vehicles with different transmissions such as regular automatic transmission fluid, motor oil, and heavy weight hypoid gear oil [2]. For higher quality purposes, synthetic transmission fluid is made through a chemical process which achieves longer durability and is less apt to oxidise and breakdown compared to regular transmission fluid derived from crude oil. Regardless of conventional or synthetic transmission fluid, Internal Combustion Engines (ICE) contribute to 23% of greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions which elevates the issue to a prominent area of concern [3]. Therefore, with the increased pressure by the


Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to reduce CO2 emissions, Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) are investing to incorporate alternative propulsion technologies of the future. Table 1 displays the goals of each automotive vehicle company and Figure 1. depicts the projections for global Light-Duty Vehicle (LDV) sales.


22 LUBE MAGAZINE NO.157 JUNE 2020


PUBLISHED BY LUBE: THE EUROPEAN LUBRICANTS INDUSTRY MAGAZINE


No.128 page 1


ATF : 2020 status and where we go from here


Table 1: Automotive vehicle company goals for the future [3] Technology share of global light-duty vehicle sales


Figure 1: LDV future sales [3]


It is evident that OEMs are pushing for electric vehicles (EVs) to match new environmental standards.


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