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From the Editor Cover Image Quartet


Several people have asked me why Microscopy Today has four images on every cover.


T e answer is simple. T e juxtaposition of several images can be used to show change or tell a story. The relationships among the four images become clear by comparing the images on the cover to the cover caption. Differences among the four images show effects in several areas: imaging technique (diff erent modes of microscopy, various imaging fi lters, and slices through 3D datasets); analytical aspects (imaging with different wavelengths and compositional maps showing distributions of elements); and specimen characteristics (different organs from the same species, fluorescent images with different fluorophores, maps of material properties, temperature variations, magnetic field strengths, and video frames of dynamic processes). All of the above have appeared on our covers over the last seven years. T is issue’s cover shows an enlargement series from a single secondary electron image, acquired in the scanning electron microscope (SEM) of an immature strawberry fl ower. T e low-magnifi cation image was taken with 2,500 scan lines and carefully recorded on fi lm. At the time when this image was acquired, most SEM images were taken at the magnifi cation at which they would be used because SEM images recorded on fi lm then could not stand to be enlarged more than about 3 times. T e enlarged images on our cover were all produced from the low magnifi cation frame. T e highest magnifi cation image on the cover is an 8× enlargement. T is and many other SEM images of living things were published 40 years ago in a book by David Scharf titled Magnifi cations: Photography with the Scanning Electron Microscope . Since then Scharf’s SEM images of flora and fauna have appeared in numerous publications including Time, National Geographic, Smithsonian, Discover, Science, Nature, and The New York Times. It is remarkable that only a decade after the fi rst commercial SEM appeared Scharf was employing the SEM in fi ne art photography, in addition to scientifi c studies.


Charles Lyman Editor-in-Chief


Erratum: Microscopy Today 21(3), May 2013, 36-39. “Handling Cell Culture Monolayers for Transmission Electron Microscopy” by Leona Cohen-Gould, Page 38: Note on materials : The amount of NMA used should be 5.9 g (not 0.9 g as printed). Apologies to all who may have been frustrated by this.


Publication Objective: to provide information of interest to microscopists.


Microscopy Today is a controlled-circulation trade magazine owned by the Microscopy Society of America that is published six times a year in the odd months. Editorial coverage spans all microscopy techniques including light microscopy, scanning probe microscopy, electron microscopy, ion-beam techniques, and the wide range of microanalytical methods. Readers and authors come from both the life sciences and the physical sciences. The typical length of an article is about 2,000 words plus fi gures and tables; feature articles are longer. Interested authors should consult “Instructions for Contributors” on the Microscopy Today website: www.microscopy-today.com.


ISSN 1551-9295


Disclaimer The Microscopy Society of America and the editors cannot be held responsible for opinions, errors, or for any consequences arising from the use of information contained in Microscopy Today. The appearance of advertising in Microscopy Today does not constitute an endorsement or approval by the Microscopy Society of America of any claims or information found in the advertisements. By submitting a manuscript to Microscopy Today, the author warrants that the article is original or that the author has written permission to use copyrighted material published elsewhere. While the contents of this magazine are believed to be accurate at press time, neither the Microscopy Society of America, the editors, nor the authors can accept legal responsibility for errors or omissions.


© Copyright 2017 by the Microscopy Society of America. All rights reserved.


Editorial Staff


Charles E. Lyman, Editor-in-Chief charles.lyman@lehigh.edu (610) 758-4249


Gennifer Levey, Production Manager glevey@meridianartpro.com (212) 780-0315


Ron Anderson, Executive Editor randerson20@tampabay.rr.com


Phil Oshel, Technical Editor oshel1pe@cmich.edu


Robert Price, Associate Editor bob.price@uscmed.sc.edu


Stephen Carmichael, Columnist carmichael.stephen@mayo.edu


Eric Clark, Pioneers Editor eclark@magnet.fsu.edu


Steven Barlow, Education Editor sbarlow@mail.sdsu.edu


Thomas E. Phillips, Consulting Editor phillipst@missouri.edu


Paul Webster, Calendar Editor pwebster@usc.edu


John Shields, Humor Editor jpshield@uga.edu


Nikolaus Cordes, Digital Content Editor ncordes@lanl.gov


Thomas Kelly, Chief Awards Judge T omas.kelly@ametek.com


Advertising Sales M.J. Mrvica Associates, Inc. 2 West Taunton Avenue, Berlin, NJ 08009 mjmrvica@mrvica.com (856) 768-9360


Kelly Miller, Account Manager kmiller@mrvica.com


Magazine website: http://www.microscopy-today.com Free subscriptions are available


Publisher Cambridge University Press One Liberty Plaza, 20th Floor New York, New York 10006 (212) 337-5000


Circulation: 18,000


Editorial Board Arlan Benscoter, Lehigh University John Bozzola, Southern Illinois University Peter Crozier, Arizona State University Vinayak Dravid, Northwestern University David Grubb, Cornell University Bryan Huey, University of Connecticut Heather Lowers, U.S. Geological Survey John Mackenzie, North Carolina State Univ. Paul Maddox, U. of North Carolina–Chapel Hill Ania Majewska, U. Rochester Med School Joseph Michael, Sandia National Labs Caroline Miller, Indiana University Brian M. Patterson, Los Alamos National Lab John Reffner, John Jay College, SUNY Ian Robertson, University of Wisconsin Phillip Russell, Appalachian State University Glenn Shipley, Citizen Microscopist Robert Simmons, Georgia State University Paul Voyles, University of Wisconsin Simon Watkins, University of Pittsburgh Cynthia Zeissler, Nat. Inst. of Stds. and Tech. (NIST)


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