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STEPS TO NET ZERO


A guide to developing an energy strategy


It needn’t be a daunting task, and the benefits – environmental and financial – are more than worth it, says Tim Warneford


To determine whether your


Current costs and consumption Your first step should be to understand how much energy your school is using, and identify when and where this usage occurs. You can collect data by attaching ‘loggers’ to distribution boards, and by installing smart meters. This will allow you to profile consumption patterns, as well as identifying any unnecessary peaks or times that trigger a higher rate. Do this both in and out of term time to compare data. Once you have the data, you can


assess the effectiveness of your current installations. The age and condition of your school buildings could have a significant impact, but even new systems may be operating inefficiently if they are set to factory settings that no one knows how to change. We’ve even come across situations where kitchen systems turn themselves on on Sundays! Take a careful look at the terms


and conditions of your existing energy contracts. It’s all too common for schools not to know whether their gas and electricity contract is fixed or flexible, or what the half-hourly rates are. Schools in the local authority framework are often seen as soft targets by energy suppliers, and SBMs with no background in energy procurement can be exploited in what is largely an unregulated sector of the market. Some may even discover they have no access to their energy contract, having negotiated with a broker.


14 AUTUMN 2021 FundEd


current rates are competitive, test the market and see what a range of suppliers can offer your school. Look for hidden clauses (where suppliers will put you on the highest rate when the contract ends). If you have a renewable energy installation, then watch out for ‘volume tolerance’ clauses, which require schools to use a percentage of their calculated energy consumption or pay a penalty. A consultancy can renegotiate your contract to ensure you are on a standard tariff and that any restrictions on leaving are removed.


Involve and engage It’s crucial to embed new values of energy conservation and efficiency among staff and pupils. So, gather ideas from across the school community, provide targets and assign leaders to help drive your strategy forward. Consider running culture change seminars and interactive pupil workshops.


RULES FOR LARGE ACADEMIES The Education and Skills Funding


Agency (ESFA) requires large academy trusts to report their carbon emissions and provide evidence of year-on-year reductions. Known as Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting (SECR), this data must be included in the annual accounts return for trusts of more than two secondary or five primary schools, and those with assets of more than £18m.


Optimise Having identified areas of waste and inefficiency, you can now address them to make your existing energy infrastructure more effective. What changes can you make to give you quick, low-cost wins? This might be as straightforward as installing thermostats and communicating the importance of turning off all switches when not in use.


Prioritise and implement It’s important to assess which options will provide the best fit for your building and circumstances. Every school is different: some might start by installing simple low-carbon technologies such as LED lighting, whereas for others it can make more sense to develop a comprehensive plan for renewable installations and clean energy tariffs. Schools received little of


the government funding for decarbonising public buildings in the first round of the Public Sector Decarbonisation Scheme (PSDS), which replaced the Salix energy fund. This may have been because the PSDS focus appeared to be on initiatives such as air and ground source heat pump systems, which are difficult to retro fit. With applications for the second


PSDS round now closed, many schools are considering the growing range of funding alternatives offered by private renewable installers. CIF funding is also available for the large MATs. Always focus on what will reap the


most reward for the smallest investment. The average-sized primary school, for instance, could save £4,000 to £6,000 a year simply by switching to LED lighting, with a large secondary school saving as


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