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most accurately and conservatively describe as alarming. As many lawsuits relating to deaths in school that


have been using these training programs work their way through the courts, it is highly likely that significant changes will occur. However, our experience has been that this will not prevent school transportation leaders from still being litigated, due to additional incidents that are likely to occur between now and then. So how can school transportation leaders protect themselves, their personnel and their organizations from the devastating litigation that is resulting from popular but unsound approaches? More importantly, how can they prevent serious injuries and deaths that can result from these dangerous methods? The answer to both questions is the same. Use script-


ed, audio and video school bus crisis scenarios to train and properly test life-safety policies, training approach- es, plans and procedures. These better simulations can help identify and bring action to correct the major gaps between assumptions about how trained personnel will react versus the reality of how they are likely to react in an actual event. Using scenarios and a broader array of pre-attack detection approaches can better prepare transportation personnel to be able to identify the need to act before a gun is seen or fired—as well as to react should prevention measures fail. When used in a timed, real-time fashion, where indi-


vidual transportation personnel must react to different all-hazards scenarios and scored on-scene—using fidelity testing is definitely a reliable way to evaluate whether personnel have been properly prepared. Because anyone can create scripted and audio school bus crisis scenarios, this approach can be used by any school transportation department—without buying special equipment, systems or technologies. The primary focus of my presentation at the STN EXPO


Reno in July will be to demonstrate why fidelity testing is so important. School transportation staff can create and use their own customized scenarios. Most important- ly, they will see how scenarios can be used to improve training, create more effective drills, identify problems with some training approaches—and provide dramatical- ly improved documentation of the level of preparedness of the bus drivers, supervisors and dispatch personnel. Using fidelity testing is an invaluable and increas-


ingly popular approach to identifying and correcting life-threatening gaps. Fidelity testing can more ac- curately measure and document how well pupil transportation personnel have been prepared to take life-saving action under stress—in extremely short time frames and with greater reliability. Are your preparedness measures theoretical, or have they been put to the test as they will be, if young lives and those of your dedicated employees are ever placed at risk? ●


OFFICIAL PARTS SUPPLIER


PLUS All Major A/C Brands


After a long harsh winter it’s a good idea to perform a little preventive maintenance on your a/c and cooling systems. Consider the Preventive Maintenance guide below as the minimum intervals for most heavy duty applications.


Air Conditioning • Clean condenser grill ................ 3,000 Miles


• Check for leaks at all connections ................................ 3,000 Miles


• Check/adjust compressor drive belt .................................... 3,000 Miles


• Replace the compressor drive belt ..................................24,000 Miles


Cooling System


• Check coolant level.............................. 1,000 • Drain/replace coolant ........................12,000 • Check radiator hoses ........................... 1,000 • Check radiator cap ............................... 1,000


Radiator should be flushed every fall!


4802 W. Colonial Drive | Orlando, FL. 32808 Phone: 866-349-6928


buspartsexperts.com www.stnonline.com 27 BPE_0419_HV.indd 1 3/21/19 9:41 AM


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