achieved an unprecedented number of casualties in schools where these training programs were in use, which also resulted in pending litigation. To be clear, there is now significant evidence that future attackers will

likely be able to achieve even greater numbers of fatalities—because of popular but emotively driven, ineffective and dangerous approaches. Just as many ineffective practices were implemented due to inaccu- rate information from the Columbine and Sandy Hook attacks, unsound conclusions relating to last year’s deadly attacks are already resulting in increased risk of death in many school districts and nonpublic schools. Prior to the attack at Marjorie Stoneman High School in Florida last Feb-

ruary, our analysts had assisted school officials with school safety, security, climate, culture and emergency preparedness assessments for over 7,000 K-12 schools in 17 years. Understandably, the pervasive levels of anxiety have caused demand to

Smallville Independent School District *011068*


SMART tag is the premier student ridership

management solution. Our rugged driver tablet and use of RFID cards help ensure students get on the right bus, get off at the right stop and are not left on the bus. Our state-of-the-art solution provides many features including:

• Patented Guardian Release • Pre/Post-trip Inspections • Reimbursement reports including Special Education and State Headcount Reports

• Real-time fleet and student visibility through our secure web portals for transportation, campuses, and parents

• Messaging system for driver and parent communication

Give us a call to find out all that SMART tag can do for you!

“SMART tag truly is a magnificent leap in student transportation… the tablet does so much it's actually unbelievable.”

skyrocket. We are currently completing the last few reports for more than 860 schools we have assessed in the 12 months since Stoneman. These reports and our current assessment projects have produced even more data on the various school safety approaches that have varying levels of effectiveness. Our assessments include using one-on-one, real-time school and school bus crisis simulations using various video and audio scenarios. For con- sistency, these simulations are run after participants have seen a control video to explain what they are being asked to do. Once this step is completed, our analysts run a series of audio and vid- eo school and school bus crisis simulations in real-time fashion. These scenarios are conducted just like the “Shoot-Don’t Shoot” cases that have been successfully used to gauge the ability of police officers to make sound use-of-force decisions for nearly 40 years. For scoring purposes, we allow participants 30 seconds to verbally respond in each scenario, while our analysts document and score them. This individual data is then used to develop both “pass rates” and “fail rates”

for different life-saving action steps for each situation. The simulation results are revealing, and increasingly, the responses can be quite troubling. These scenarios provide a far more accurate means to evaluate how employees are likely to react, in contrast to how we might assume they will react. Patterns that our analysts are increasingly seeing in more than 8,600 of these simulations in 45 states have been of great concern. Investigative documents and security camera footage I have reviewed while serving as an expert witness for actual crisis events have revealed staff reactions after such training that often align with what we are seeing in the simulations. In simulations for weapons incidents that do not involve an active shooter event, the results of scenario testing and post-incident reviews are what I can

Josh Rice

Dir. of Transportation New Caney ISD, TX 512.686.2360 See Us At Booth #324 26 School Transportation News • MAY 2019

Michael Dorn is the executive director of Safe Havens International in Macon, Georgia. He has authored 27 books on school safety and emergency preparedness. After graduating from the FBI National Academy, he served as a university police lieutenant and school district police chief. He was also a school safety specialist, state anti-terrorism planner and lead program manager for the Georgia Office of Homeland Security. During his 25-year public safety career, Dorn has survived 16 attacks with weapons. As a highly sought-after expert witness for complex legal cases, Dorn has provided many forms of post-incident assistance for over 300 school and school bus crisis events. Those included 16 K-12 active shooter and targeted school shootings in the U.S., Canada and Mexico, plus a terrorist attack in Kenya. Dorn welcomes reader feedback and questions at

Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76