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Elements of an Action Research Report Report Element


Introduction / Background


Contents / Things to consider...


Explain what you wanted to improve and why (i.e. why was this important and what evidence is there for this?) If this is an issue that has been recognised before, can you refer to any related information or research? Summarise and reference any reading relevant to your project and explain its relevance. Describe what approach you tried that was different. Try to justify why you chose this different approach (is there evidence from elsewhere to show why it might be better?)


Method


Explain, specifically, how you carried out your ‘change’ (intervention) – what exactly did you do that was different? What, and how much, data did you collect before and after your intervention and was it enough to make a reasonable and valid judgement about what is going on? Describe how you analysed the data (e.g. quantitative - mean, median or modal average; qualitative - sorting quantitative data into factors / categories, etc.) If you used any questionnaires, data collection or ethics/ consent forms, say this and include blank copies in the appendix.


Results


Keep copies of ‘raw results’ (e.g. records, scores, completed questionnaires) some of which you may include in your appendix. If you include them, make it clear which are ‘before’ and ‘after’. Analyse your ‘raw results’ to provide summaries of the before and after data (such as totals, averages, key factors, etc.) and, ideally, illustrate this (e.g. using bar or pie-charts and graphs) to give a visual idea of what the data represents. Interpret your ‘summarised’ data and explain what ‘meaning’ it might have. You may also need to explain whether you are confident in these results or whether you have any concerns about making any judgement about them. Explain whether there has actually been a ‘real’ change (for the better or for the worse) or is the before and after data inconclusive? Critically evaluate whether your data collection went to plan – if not, in what way did it go wrong?


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