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EIGHT STATES ACCOUNT FOR 56%


Last Place: Alaska, Hawaii, North Dakota (Note: some states have no participating facilities.) Ohio leads the industry in number


of metalcasting facilities reported, with 158 (or 9.4% of the total facilities in the U.S.). Pennsylvania upped its total by two to 134, good enough to recapture the No. 2 spot from California, which remained at 133 for 2014. Wisconsin ranked fourth with 125 facilities, while Michigan and Illinois rounded out the states reporting more than 100 facili- ties, with 121 and 116, respectively. T ree states—Alaska, Hawaii and


Percent of Total U.S. Plants


Ohio continues to be the industry leader in number of metalcasting facilities with 159. The top eight states in total plants represents 56% of the nation’s total.


GREEN SAND, NOBAKE TOP PROCESSES


North Dakota—each have one met- alcaster participating in our research, as does the District of Columbia. T e other states with fewer than 10


facilities reported are Idaho, Louisi- ana, Maryland, Maine, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Mexico, Nevada, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia and Wyoming. Delaware did not have any participating metalcasting facilities.


Process


Leader: Green Sand/Horizontally Parted Last Place: V-Process Horizontally parted green sand mold- ing is the perennial favorite process, with 655 of the 1,692 facilities (or 38.7%) using it, a slight increase in facilities and percentage compared to 2012. Its verti- cally parted counterpart, which often is used for higher volumes, is found in only 12.3% of facilities. T e nobake process comes in at a close second with 604 facilities, or 35.7%. Many facilities report using multiple


processes. One hundred twenty facilities use both the green sand and permanent mold processes (7.1%), and 433 facilities use the green sand and nobake processes (25.6%). Seven facilities reported using the V-process, a casting method with a vacuum holding unbonded sand in a mold during pouring.


Value-Added Services Total Number of U.S. Plants


The total numbers for facilities using each process remained relatively stable compared to 2013. The biggest increase was six (diecasting) and the largest drop was 17 (gas hardened/colbox).


26 | MODERN CASTING January 2015


Leader: Finish Machining Last Place: Coating Of the 1,692 facilities that par- ticipated in the U.S. census, 1,187 (70.2%) reported off ering at least one value-added service. Machining was the most popular service, with 908 facilities (53.7% of all responses;


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