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INDUSTRY NEWS Ohio State to Open Integrated Diecasting Cell for Industry Use


An integrated diecasting cell capable of manufacturing net-shape magnesium and aluminum castings has been success- fully installed and operated at Te Ohio State University, Columbus, the first of its kind at any U.S. university. Te technology for making light-


weight metals for transportation applica- tions will be made available for industrial development and academic research. Alan Luo, professor of materials science and engineering (MSE) and integrated systems engineering (ISE), Jerald Brevick, associate professor of ISE,


Report Shows Offshoring Uptick


Global strategy and management


consulting firm A.T. Kearney, Chi- cago, has released its 2014 Reshoring Index. Te change in ratio between U.S. manufacturing imports and gross output is expected to show a year-over-year decline, lower by 20 basis points from 2013, as offshoring to foreign manufac- turing markets outpaces reshoring. “While the so-called reshoring trend has helped improve the mood of U.S. manufacturing since the recession, the reality is that the import value of manufactured goods into the U.S. from 14 low-cost Asian countries has grown at an average of 8% per year in the last five years,” said Pramod Gupta, A.T. Kearney principal and study coauthor. Te top three reshoring industries


are electrical equipment, appliance and component manufacturing at 15%, transportation equipment manufactur- ing at 15% and apparel manufacturing at 12% of the cases in the study. Improvement in delivery time led


the reasons executives gave in favor of reshoring, with quality improvement a close second followed by brand/image. While there has been an overall lift in


U.S. manufacturing for five straight years since 2009, imports of offshored manufac- tured goods into the U.S. have increased at a faster rate than any return of manu- facturing operations to our soil and, for the 14 top offshoring locations combined, amounted to $630 billion in 2013.


January 2015 MODERN CASTING | 11


and a team from Ohio State adapted the Metamag furnace and melt trans- fer system to the aluminum diecasting machine to conduct the first successful magnesium diecasting trial at Ohio State. A $2.7 million U.S. Department of


Energy award to General Motors made the original work on the integrated


diecasting cell possible, as part of a larger project on the development of a lightweight automobile door inner panel. A collaboration with partner Meridian Lightweight LLC provided expertise in casting magnesium parts for large manu- facturers. GM also donated materials and safety equipment.


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