4/ MARCH/APRIL 2017 THE RIDER HON. COL. A.W. FINN CD: Founder
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• Ontario Trail Riding Association • Quarter Racing Owners Of Ontario, Inc. • Western Horse Association Of Ontario
Two Confirmed Cases of Equine Herpes Myeloencephalopathy in Durham Region
February 17th 2017 - Veterinary Update Animal Health and Wel- fare Branch/Office of the Chief Veterinarian for Ontario Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs
The Ontario Ministry of
Agriculture, Food and Rural Af- fairs (OMAFRA) has been noti- fied of two confirmed cases of Equine Herpes Myeloen- cephalopathy (EHM), caused by equine herpes virus 1 (EHV-1). The horses from Durham Region were referred to the Ontario Vet- erinary College with neurological signs and are receiving treatment. Three other horses on the farm have tested positive for the mu- tated (neuropathogenic) strain of EHV-1 on nasal swabs but are not demonstrating neurological signs at this time. The farm owner has voluntarily placed the premises under a self-imposed quarantine to reduce the risk of viral spread. These are the first cases of
EHM diagnosed in Ontario this year; however, cases of EHM have been diagnosed in Califor- nia, Kentucky, Louisiana and Michigan since the beginning of the year. In 2015, there were three laboratory-confirmed cases of EHM in Ontario EHV-1 infection in horses
can cause respiratory disease, abortion, neonatal foal death, and/or neurological disease.
From Our Founder
Remembering MaRCH 1983
If you read my last Re-
membering I mentioned that The Rider had returned to our original format of being a news- paper. The first newspaper edi- tion rolled off the presses in July 1970 and returned in March 1983, this issue spurred on old advertisers to advertise again. Some like Smith Saddlery & Western Store who took two full pages.
The issue was full of Stal-
lion ads, such as a full page of- fering the services of
EHV-1 is not a federally re- portable disease but is immedi- ately notifiable by laboratories under the reporting regulation of the provincial Animal Health Act. Attending veterinarians suspi- cious of EHM should contact OMAFRA as soon as possible. Because infected horses
may show no clinical signs, but still shed the virus, the tempera- ture of suspect animals should be monitored twice daily for 14 - 21 days and any abnormalities dis- cussed with a veterinarian. Neu- rological signs, if they develop, may include loss or balance, hind-limb weakness, recum- bency, difficulty urinating, de- creased tail tone and depression. It is important that a veterinarian assess suspect cases of EHM since it can be difficult to distin- guish this from other serious neu- rological diseases, such as rabies. EHV-1 is easily spread by
nose-to-nose or close contact with an infectious horse, by shar- ing contaminated equipment (bits, buckets, towels, etc.) or by the clothing, hands or equipment of people who recently had con- tact with an infectious horse. This highlights the need for rou- tine biosecurity measures (in- cluding hand hygiene and basic cleaning and disinfection prac- tices) to be in place at all times to prevent a disease outbreak. Spe- cial attention should be given to cleaning and disinfecting trailers.
Current EHV-1 vaccines
may reduce viral shedding but are not protective against the neurological form of the disease. Implementing routine biosecurity practices is the best way to mini- mize viral spread. The best method of disease control is disease prevention.
other equine neurological disease are
Ontario cases of EHM and listed
mals/terrestrial-animals/biosecu- rity/standards-and-principles/equ inesector/eng/1460662612042/1 460662650577
EQUINE GUELPH http://www.equineguelph.ca/Tool
Alberta Veterinary Medical As- sociation And Alberta Eques- trian Federation http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/
Windjamer at $1,000. Even Slim Norsworthy, a Quarter Horse breeder offering Palomino colour was there with a 1/4 page. If you never had the opportunity to meet Slim then you missed out on a true cow- boy legend.
Quarterama ‘83 was hap-
pening and was offering $140,000 in prize money.
Bull rider Cody Snyder of
Redcliffe Alberta was at the top of the standings going into the Canadian Finals Rodeo.
The WHAO were adver-
tising their Extravangaza Week- end. If you wanted to experience the Old West this was the show to be at. Not the competition but the camp fires, the food, the fun and laughter, the guitars and the sing alongs. It would be nice to have those
partment/deptdocs.nsf/all/cpv136 83/$FILE/equine_biosecurity_pri n
Agricultural Information Con- tact Centre: 1-877-424-1300 E- mail: ag.info.om
Equine Disease Communica- tion Center (EDCC) www.equinediseasecc.org
CURRENT DISEASE OUT- BREAKS. Updates on current disease outbreaks are listed here as they occur and will include the date listed, disease name, loca- tion and current status.
The OAHN Equine Network firstname.lastname@example.org http://oahn.ca
Ontario Animal Health Net- work (OAHN) Equine Expert Network Equine Herpesvirus-1 Factsheet
Equine Herpesvirus-1- Be on the alert • At least 70% of horses have been infected with EHV-1 as foals by their dams, and current vaccines and management prac- tices cannot prevent this. • EHV-1 produces a latent infec- tion, meaning these foals don’t show any clinical signs at the time, and the virus “hibernates”
days back. The Ancaster Saddle
Club presented the 1982 Fred Tapping Memorial award to eight year old Mark Poustie of Grassie, Ontario.
The USDA added Swe-
den to it’s list of countries with CEM.
Perry Farms in King
City advertised an Auction Sale for old horse drawn ve- hicles and equipment. The Ontario Chariot &
in the lymph nodes and in a group of nerve cells in the head where it remains inactive, or la- tent, establishing a carrier state that is life-long. • Carrier horses do not show clin- ical signs and there is no labora- tory test presently to detect them. • Stress and suppression of the immune system causes carrier horses to start shedding the virus. Stressful situations such as ship- ping (especially over long dis- tance), overcrowding, mixing, illness, or pregnancy can cause the virus to become active and shed by the horse. It is thought that most outbreaks of EHV-1 are caused by reactivation from a carrier state. • EHV-1 is transmitted by respi- ratory secretions. Horses become infected by inhaling the virus shed by another horse, from nose- to-nose contact, or contact with infectious viral particles in the environment (tack, grooming supplies, stalls, trailers, clothing). • Fever is an important clinical sign. Fever occurs days before the onset of neurologic signs are noticed. It is, therefore, very im- portant to take temperatures twice daily on all new horses ar- riving at your stable as a fever may be the only indication that an active virus is present. •¨Neurologic disease is character- ized by decreased coordination (ataxia) and hind limb weakness. After gaining access through the
Chuck Wagon Racing Asso- ciation held their annual awards banquet. The Horse Chariot championship was presented to Felix Lukach by none other than that cowboy legend Slim Norsworthy.
The OQHA held their
first Conference at the Val- halla Inn in Kitchener. Pre- siding over the meeting was Harold Mather and recording secretary Audry Wood.
We took the time to bring to the attention of our
readers the progress that had been made by Quarterama from the beginning with 1,000 entries to 1983 with 3,000 in a few short years.
My Turn We need to petition the
Supreme Court of Canada to limit and enforce an election change that I have been ad- vocating for years. We must insist that Prime Ministers and Provincial Premiers be limited to two consecutive terms. Just sit back and think
nose and entering the blood stream, the virus is delivered to the spinal cord. Loss of balance and recumbency may then ensue. • Only 10% of infected horses de- velop neurologic signs during an EHV-1 outbreak. The reason the virus attacks the vessels of the CNS in only certain horses is not completely known, although there is a strong relationship be- tween the dominance of specific immune cells and the susceptibil- ity to and recovery from EHM. • After infected, the horse will shed the virus for 10-21 days. Biosecurity • Quarantine new horses upon ar- rival for at least 2 weeks taking daily temperatures and making sure not to go back and forth be- tween resident and quarantined horses. • Report any abnormalities (fever or neurologic signs) to your vet- erinarian. • Ensure your horses are vacci- nated. Although vaccines exist to prevent respiratory disease and abortion due to EHV-1, at present there is no vaccine licensed to prevent the neurologic form of the disease. Some veterinarians promote the use of the respira- tory/abortion vaccines to reduce the shedding of the virus and limit the spread through the barn. Discuss this with your veterinar- ian and decide upon the best ap- proach for you and your horse or stable.
this out. Another 4 years with Premier Wynne and her merry bunch. Ya gotta be kidding me.
for looking down in this cor- ner.
Hon Col. Aidan W. Finn CD Founder of The Rider 1970 President, Orange aPEEL www.orangeapeel.com
Opinions expressed in this newspaper, including those in Letters To The Editor, are those of the authors and not necessarily those of this publication.
The Rider welcomes letters on any subject but reserves the right to edit them for brevity and clarity. Letters of 200 words or less are more likely to be published. All letters, including those sent by E-mail, must include the writer’s name, address and daytime phone number. E-mail: email@example.com
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