This page contains a Flash digital edition of a book.
The History of the Mix


this purpose is the Veiga (MV). At the same time, the Portuguese Crown, through the Coudelaria de Alter and Coudelaria Nacional, and the Spanish Crown through the Coudelaria de Cordoba, were very active in breeding sturdier horses for classical dressage and driving. The two main functional lines were rarely crossed; breeders kept their lines more or less “pure” and their selection target was very focused in one or the other of these two objectives. By the end of the nineteenth century, the


T


he Lusitanos were for centuries selected for war, and later its modern form, bull- fighting. The most successful lineage for


by Dr. Paulo Gonzaga


Andrade (RA or SA) lineage was developed with the objective of selecting a Lusitano for modern equine disciplines, mostly dressage, but without losing the basic standards of the breed. Later, around the early 1970s—to reduce the excessive consanguinity built in both lineages—the Andrades offered one of their stallions to the Veigas and the latter ceded one of theirs to the Andrades. The Andrade stallion lent to the Veigas was the famous Firme (SA) and the Veiga stallion sent to the


The famous Andrade stallion Firme given to the Veigas in the 1970s.


Andrades was Trovador II (MV). To make a long story short, Firme(SA) sired some of the most famous modern Lusitanos at the Veigas: Novilheiro (MV), the European Jumping Champion ridden by the British John Withaker; Opus II (MV), a famous bullfighting and dressage horse used by the Domeqs from Jerez de la Frontera, Spain; Nilo (MV) who was bought by Coudelaria Nacional (CN), the Portuguese Government breeding establishment to serve as one of its official stallions, and there are others. From the extraordinary success of this crossing was born the new Lusitano lineage known as Veiga-Andrade,


nowadays the most sought after for dressage. The Veigas used Nilo (MV) for two years before selling him to Coudelaria Nacional. From Nilo (MV) came Zimbro (MV) who then sired Dardo II (MV) and Danubio (MV); these two in turn sired important animals in the Veigas, and both were exported to Brazil. Danubio (MV), the most famous of the modern Veiga stallions won the title of Champion of Champions in Portugal, but his biggest merit was to have sired an impressive offspring which includes Ofensor (MV) considered as the best Lusitano stallion of the last decade along with Quixote Interagro, another exceptional sire. When the Veiga-Andrade lineage became the most cherished of all Lusitano strains, much attention was


directed to its origin and many studies were conducted on the maternal side of the lineage’s ancestors. In this process, Arsenio Raposo Cordeiro, one of the most respected breeders and author of books dedicated to the Lusitanos, raised the point that a great part of the success of the Veiga-Andrade lineage was due to a mare called Toleirona (MV), the mother of a handful of excellent stallions, like Maravilha (MV), Emir (MV) and Lidador II (MV). However Toleirona made a fantastic contribution, still mostly ignored, by producing her daughter Guerrita (MV). Guerrita (MV) was the mother of Novilheiro (MV) and Opus (MV), both sired by Firme (SA). The importance of Toleirona (MV) continues to grow unabated. A few breeders, such as Arsenio Cordeiro (RC) in Portugal and Interagro in Brazil, became a reference for the new modern lineages formed from a Veiga-Andrade origin. Both have had access to pure mares from the Veigas and the Andrades and have been able to develop their own kindred lineages and selection of top-class dressage horses while keeping the morphological standards and the unique character of the Lusitano. A more extended commentary about this process and an extensive analysis of the founding mares of the basic Lusitano lines can be found in Paulo Gonzaga’s book, The Lusitano Lineage. About Dr. Paulo Gavião Gonzaga: He founded Interagro Lusitanos in 1975 and owns a 1,200 acre ranch with almost 800 Lusitanos located near São Paolo, Brazil. Today he is the largest breeder and exporter of Lusitanos. v


62 January/February 2011


Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92