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assumes significant – and, in most cases, all – financial, technical and operational risks in a specific project. The public-sector authority retains programmatic oversight – enshrined in contrac- tual boundaries – as well as core policy functions such as parking rate increases. The 3P model allows a city to work with a private vendor

that provides strategic management and operational expertise, in addition to making a considerable investment in updating tech- nologies and infrastructure – investments and upgrades that it might not otherwise be able to do. This takes a big burden off the city administration in terms

of budgetary and delivery risks, or concerns associated with increasing personnel costs. This also enhances the entire parking experience for drivers: For example, they are able to quickly and easily locate a meter and pay with a simple swipe of a credit or debit card. Another unique feature of the 3P model is the revenue-shar-

ing structure. Cities can decide what best meets their financial needs – a large lump sum payment up front, sharing the revenue over the life of the agreement, or a combination of the two. In a revenue-sharing arrangement, the two parties split the

revenue from parking meter fees and/or tickets, ensuring a consis- tent streamof annual revenue for the city. Since the city makes no initial investment in the agreement, any revenue incurred is pure profit and will exceed what it could have generated on its own. These increased dollars can then be used for the city’s other

operational needs, including infrastructure improvement such as street and sidewalk repairs. This also means government officials become more productive and efficient, because they have more freedom to focus on other city priorities. The updated technologies and methods associated with

employing the 3P model also are advantageous for a city’s local economy and its citizens. By making parking more convenient for residents and visitors, local businesses will see an increase in foot traffic and sales.

Additionally, by employing the latest technologies, the city

helps to create a sustainable parking environment. For example, many new parking meters are solar-powered,

reducing the need to recycle the thousands of batteries that pow- er the machines each year. Further, by making parking more available and convenient, drivers are able to park faster, ultimate- ly reducing traffic congestion and emissions created by the cir- cling that usually entails finding an available parking spot. As we move into the future of the parking industry, more

advanced technologies will take hold. For example, web-based and phone applications will pro-

vide information on meter use and availability. A driver could schedule his or her trip based on that data, which reduces traffic congestion (and frustration). Payment could be made by phone, and drivers would

receive a text message reminder when time is running out. If they want to stay longer – they can add an hour with a simple pay-by-phone application, keeping the customer’s patronage in local businesses. Unfortunately, because of the economy, many cities are more

focused on meeting the basic needs of government and can’t focus on improving their parking system. By joining forces with a partner in the private sector with expertise in this area, drivers can benefit from parking improvements and cities can gain addi- tional revenue.

David Cummins is Vice President of Sales and Marketing for the Transportation Solutions Group of Affiliated Computer Services (ACS), a Xerox company. He can be reached at ACS recently began a public-private partnership with the City of Indianapolis.


Parking Today


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