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CASE STUDY #17

Restoration of abandoned plantations, Proyecto Naturaleza y Comunidad, Costa Rica

The Nogal-La Selva local Biological Corridor (NSBC) is located in Sarapiquí, in the northern Caribbean lowlands of Costa Rica, Cen- tral America. The NSBC is an effort which intends to connect for- est fragments from the Nogal Private Wildlife Refuge (252 acres), a natural private reserve owned by Chiquita Brands International,

to La Selva Biological Station (3,900 acres), an ecological research station owned by the Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS).

Project and photos credit: Chiquita Brands International/GTZ/MIGROS/ Rainforest Alliance

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1,270–14,570 USD/ha/year, or 22–25% lower for convention- al farms. Non-market values were 460–5,240 USD/ha/year for organic farmland compared to only 50–1,240 USD/ha/ year for conventional (Sandhu et al., 2008). Restore water supply and reduce effects of extreme flows in- cluding droughts and floods by restoring natural pathways, riverine and catchment vegetation and wetlands. Reduce evapotranspiration, improve weed control and in- crease soil fertility and biological life in soils through more organic based production systems, including, where appro- priate, perennials (Vieria et al., 2009; UNEP, 2009). Reduce sedentary and intensified grazing systems and pro- mote grazing diversity to reduce overgrazing and depletion of range diversity which increases probability of invasive spe- cies infestations.

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Develop alternatives to the use of cereals in animal feed by recycling of waste or new technology to reduce the effect that near 1/3 of all cereals are used for animal feed, rising to near 50% by 2050, thus reducing the pressures on cropland ex- pansion – both locally into natural edges, as well as into pris- tine habitats (UNEP, 2009).

Changing the meat consumption habits and developing an al- ternative to the use of cereals in animal feed is actually a pre- requisite necessary for restoring much lost raindforest and wetlands cleared and drained to support cattle production. This demonstrates once again that in restoration one must not only address the restoration of the ecosystem at hand, but also ad- dress the socio-economic driving forces that led to degradation in the first place. Page 1  |  Page 2  |  Page 3  |  Page 4  |  Page 5  |  Page 6  |  Page 7  |  Page 8  |  Page 9  |  Page 10  |  Page 11  |  Page 12  |  Page 13  |  Page 14  |  Page 15  |  Page 16  |  Page 17  |  Page 18  |  Page 19  |  Page 20  |  Page 21  |  Page 22  |  Page 23  |  Page 24  |  Page 25  |  Page 26  |  Page 27  |  Page 28  |  Page 29  |  Page 30  |  Page 31  |  Page 32  |  Page 33  |  Page 34  |  Page 35  |  Page 36  |  Page 37  |  Page 38  |  Page 39  |  Page 40  |  Page 41  |  Page 42  |  Page 43  |  Page 44  |  Page 45  |  Page 46  |  Page 47  |  Page 48  |  Page 49  |  Page 50  |  Page 51  |  Page 52  |  Page 53  |  Page 54  |  Page 55  |  Page 56  |  Page 57  |  Page 58  |  Page 59  |  Page 60  |  Page 61  |  Page 62  |  Page 63  |  Page 64  |  Page 65  |  Page 66  |  Page 67  |  Page 68  |  Page 69  |  Page 70  |  Page 71  |  Page 72  |  Page 73  |  Page 74  |  Page 75  |  Page 76  |  Page 77  |  Page 78  |  Page 79  |  Page 80  |  Page 81  |  Page 82  |  Page 83  |  Page 84  |  Page 85  |  Page 86  |  Page 87  |  Page 88  |  Page 89  |  Page 90  |  Page 91  |  Page 92  |  Page 93  |  Page 94  |  Page 95  |  Page 96  |  Page 97  |  Page 98  |  Page 99  |  Page 100  |  Page 101  |  Page 102  |  Page 103  |  Page 104  |  Page 105  |  Page 106  |  Page 107  |  Page 108  |  Page 109  |  Page 110  |  Page 111  |  Page 112
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