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an inmate escape, or a woodland search following an offi cer-involved shooting are all the wrong times to wonder how your department is going to commu- nicate and share information with brothers and sis- ters from neighboring jurisdictions. By then, it is too late. However, the communication goal remains for complete, seamless information sharing. Departments that have this capability can talk to each other even though they have different radio brands. They can share digital fi les and videos, even though they use different software. They can even link up easily to an-


M GLOSSARY OF TERMS


Knowing what to buy is often made more diffi cult with the language barrier made of alphabet soup terms common to modern technology. Here is LAW and ORDER’s glossary of the basic terms.


BROADBAND: The term broadband commonly refers to high-speed Internet access that is always on and faster than dial-up access. Broadband includes several high-speed transmission technologies, such as: digital subscriber lines, cable modems, fi ber, wireless, satellite, and broadband over power lines.


LTE: Long Term Evolution, a shorthand phrase to describe processes for high-speed mobile devices, including smartphones and tablets.


3G, 4G, ETC.: Third generation, Fourth generation, of data technology for cellular networks.


DATA DICTIONARY: a set of standardized descriptions of data to provide a common defi nition and mean of describing, for example, a person’s name.


DATA MODEL: expands on a data dictionary by establishing how different data elements relate to each other. XML: extensible mark-up language, the core language of the Internet


XML SCHEMA: defi nes how data elements make up documents and how documents are related to each other. XML documents can range from simple to complex.


FILE TRANSFER PROTOCOL (FTP): A venerable graybeard of the earliest days of internetworking and today underlying data transfer between many criminal records and other information sharing systems.


SIMPLE MAIL TRANSFER PROTOCOL (SMTP) AND POST OFFICE PROTOCOL VERSION 3 (POP3): Key pieces of today’s e-mail, as well as automated fi ngerprint identifi cation systems.


USER DATAGRAM PROTOCOL (UDP): TCP’s alter ego and the foundation for Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) networking, including systems for interconnecting radios over data networks.


SESSION INITIATION PROTOCOL (SIP) AND REAL-TIME TRANSPORT PROTOCOL - Doing yeoman’s work for network services as varied as peer-to-peer music sharing systems and Internet telephony, beyond to the instant messaging capabilities of the Capital Wireless Integrated Network around Washington, D.C.


LIGHTWEIGHT DIRECTORY ACCESS PROTOCOL (LDAP): Serving at the core of NASA’s Integrated Services Environment just as it serves user authentication information to encryption engines securing Kansas’ innovated Criminal Justice Information System.


SIMPLE NETWORK MANAGEMENT PROTOCOL (SNMP): Giving technical staff a view into the core of the Internet, as well as the supervisory control and data acquisition systems of modern trunked radio systems.


TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL/INTERNET PROTOCOL (TCP/IP): A protocol for communication between computers, used as a standard for transmitting data over networks and as the basis for standard Internet protocols.


inutes after a violent tornado,


Motorola Solutions


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