Hi Victoria, I’m really interested in the Royal Family but I don’t understand why it’s Prince Philip and not King?

Great question! In fact our law says that the Queen’s husband is known as the prince consort and does not auto- matically become king. So for this reason, Prince Philip, who is also known as the Duke of Edinburgh, is not a king. However, it works differ- ently the other way around, so Catherine, the Duchess of Cambridge, is not a princess but as and when William becomes King, then she will become Queen Catherine – the original reason for this was to protect the British Royal Family from ‘outsider influence’.

Hi Victoria, I am totally confused by your school system here. Why are public schools actually private, and what are government-funded schools called?

And while we’re at it, why does the Queen have two birthdays? Whether a British person is a royalist, a republican or just ambivalent, most people can’t help but admire the Queen for her achievement of a 67- years reign, during which time she has seen 14 prime ministers, 13 US presi- dents and had more than 30 corgi dogs! Plus, as a British monarch, Queen Elizabeth is also lucky enough to celebrate her birthday twice. Her real birthday on April 21st and

is celebrated privately with her family – she turned 93 this year. It has been a tradition for over two centuries to also celebrate the monarch’s official birth- day in June with the ceremony called “Trooping the Colour”. On this day you will see almost 1,500 soldiers, 200 horses and 400 musicians march- ing along Te Mall, a Royal Air Force display and a gun salute in Green Park. Pretty impressive, I wish I had the same for my birthday.

Our school system is quite complex and hard to navigate, and this topic creates the greatest number of ques- tions for people when they relocate, especially if they are organising schools for their family. So to clear up this matter, our government-funded free education is offered in what we call ‘state schools’. Tere are different types of private

school, including public schools, which in other countries around the world have the meaning of a free edu- cation. In fact here public schools are some of the best schools in the coun- try, usually the oldest established, most expensive schools with excellent reputations, for example Eton College, Harrow and Rugby. Tese schools were originally called public because previous to their establish- ment, the only education option was to attend a local grammar school. When these new types of schools opened they were made ‘public’ to poor scholars who would travel from further away to attend them and were not restricted by religion or family situation. If you’re finding the school system

hard to navigate, then it’s worthwhile getting some orientation through a UK-based education consultant who can guide you through the options to successfully find a school place. Members can contact FOCUS for recommendations of consultants.

6 FOCUS The Magazine September/October 2019

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