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viding a range of government and cus- tomer services. As part of this connected ecosystem, IHS Automotive predicts that 75 per cent of new vehicles globally will be connected by 2025, or some 90 million vehicles, compared with a couple of hun- dred thousand new driverless vehicles. Today, connected vehicle services include consumers, vehicle manufactur- ers, government, and industry-driven products. Most passenger vehicle serv-

high speeds, or in inclement weather. There is a growing awareness that C-ITS and AV need to converge in order to cre- ate a viable self-driving car. Furthermore, several studies, including tests by Volvo, suggest that C-ITS can halve the headways of AV and provide a substantial increase in the capacity of the arterial network when connected with signalised infrastructure. In preparation, the department is plan- ning to test C-ITS and cooperative and

“International governments and industry have invested billions in the development of the C-ITS solution. These efforts do not translate locally without an investment by Australian governments in the digital and physical infrastructure”

ices focus on infotainment, traveller information, and vehicle manufacturers’ services. Cooperative intelligent trans- port systems (C-ITS) is a subset of con- nected vehicle services, and supports safety, mobility and emissions applica- tions. At the core is the ability to share messages 10 times per second, such that they can be used to generate safety-criti- cal messages. Austroads has indicated by sharing safety warnings with the human driver, C-ITS has the potential to reduce crashes by up to 35 per cent. International governments and indus-

try have invested billions in the develop- ment of the C-ITS solution. These efforts do not translate locally without an invest- ment by Australian governments in the digital and physical infrastructure – such as positioning, security management, road infrastructure and condition data, and ITS infrastructure. In line with the EU and US, Australia has already embargoed the 5.9 GHz bandwidth for C-ITS use. A number of C-ITS safety application

benefits are likely to be realised through emerging vehicle automation, however, C-ITS can support incremental improve- ment of automation, allowing an auto- mated vehicle to see around corners, at 19

highly automated driving (CHAD) tech- nologies on Queensland roads: • C-ITS pilot – to test “day 1” safety applications (vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure) through a field operational test on public roads with 500 public participants. The pilot will also develop and test vehicle-to- vulnerable road user applications that specifically address identified safety issues in Queensland.

• CHAD pilot – a small number of coop- erative and highly automated vehicles will be developed and tested on pri- vate and public roads. The research will include an asset readiness, driver behavioural and vehicle performance assessment.


TECHNICAL TOUR The department has partnered with 13 other innovative transport technology organisations to form the Queensland Pavilion, the official Exhibition Partner for the ITS World Congress 2016. The consortium will be showcasing Queensland’s unique capabilities and achievements in research, development and deployment of integrated ITS solutions that support multi-modal transport operations. There is opportunity to see award- winning technologies in action at a post-congress technical tour in Brisbane, Monday 17 October. Find out more at: http://www.itsworldcongress2016. com/program/technical- tours?id=169

Referred to collectively as the Coop- erative and Automated Vehicle Initiative (CAVI), the two pilots will take place over five years commencing in late-2016, with the field tests starting in 2018. The pilot objectives are to validate the

safety benefits of these technologies and raise public awareness, build technical readiness and capability, and foster new industry partnerships. The end result – a residual test bed that can be used by government, industry and academia to continue to explore the technologies and their impact on our road users. In addition to the pilots, the department will prepare a road map for change management. ●

 Miranda Blogg is Director, Cooperative & Automated Vehicle Initiative of Department of Transport and Main Roads


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