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“Traffic congestion is becoming a major challenge in the larger cities, with few motorways and an increasing number of toll roads solving the dual problem of high urban traffic on major urban roads and limited government funds”

 Perth’s driverless shuttle IntelliBus operates in controlled environments

 Citylink toll road in Melbourne led the way in free-flow tolling in 2000

tolling back in 2000. Cashless tolling has been progressively introduced for all new toll roads in Brisbane, Sydney and Melbourne, with all existing toll roads adopting cashless tolling by July 2013.

AUTOMATED VEHICLES South Australia had the first on-road tri- als of driverless cars in Australia in 2015, having introduced the requisite legisla- tion. Queensland is proposing a trial in the next 12 months. Australia’s first driverless shuttle bus

testing and aggressive speed enforce- ment. However, it is harder now than ever to continue to improve safety, now turning to ITS with fixed speed and red light cameras at high risk intersections, expansion of speed enforcement over distance, and mandating Electronic Sta- bility Control for light vehicles.

MOBILITY SCATS, a fully adaptive traffic control system, optimises traffic flow. This Aus- tralian innovation is well known around the world (used in 27 countries) and has been developed over 40 years. Smart Motorways, adapted from

active traffic management develop- ments by Highways England, are now in use in Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide and Perth, commencing with Melbourne’s Monash Freeway in 2007. They have greatly improved safety and

traffic throughput, and use sophisticated detection, ramp metering, incident man- agement, lane use management, prior- ity freight lanes at key locations, variable message signs and dynamic speed limits. Use of variable message and speed

signs has resulted in up to 13 per cent increase in travel speed, ramp meter- ing 13 to 26 per cent increase in travel speed, together with an increase in traf- fic throughput of between 5 and 30 per cent and a 15 to 50 per cent reduction in road crashes. An excellent return on investment.

TOLL COLLECTION Australia now uses cashless, multi-lane free-flowing toll roads, making travelling and paying tolls a seamless experience across all 16 toll roads, bridges and tun- nels. The Citylink toll road in Melbourne was the first to introduce free-flow


is being trialled in Perth. The bus was imported from France by the RAC, WA’s automobile club and it can carry 11 passengers and travel at a maximum speed of 45km/h, but only in controlled environments.

FREIGHT Freight transport is another area that Australian capability in utilising technol- ogy has been demonstrated. In regional and remote areas very large trucks has meant greatly improved productivity. In outback regions these include road trains or B-triples with three trailers that can measure up to 50 metres and weight 200 tonnes. In regional areas, with access right into

major cities, B-double trucks are widely used, these have two trailers up to 26 metres long. To further improve productivity, the

Intelligent Access Program was devel- oped as a partnership of all state road


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