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Lions (seven of the original 12 li- ons remain), the Minoan Fountain, the House of Dionysus and many, many more. Te island is uninhab- ited and can only be visited via day trips from Mykonos. As with many other sites, visit the Archaeological Museum of Delos on the island be- fore starting your adventure.

Delphi, Central Greece Located on the southwest-

ern spur of Mount Parnassus, this site is in the valley of Phocis. In my- thology, the actual site of Delphi was believed to be dictated by Zeus when he sought to find the center of his “Grandmother Earth.” He sent two eagles flying from the eastern and western extremities, and the path of the eagles crossed over Del- phi where the omphalos, or navel of Gaia, was found. Te Temple of Apollo, the god of light, is the most important monument at this site.

serving as a sanctuary of Asclepius, god of healing, son of Apollo. It was also the most popular health center of the times, where people went to heal in the therapeutic mineral springs. Most of the sanc- tuary is being re-excavated and is off-limits to the public at this time.

Tis is

Mycenae, Peloponnese the most

important and

wealthiest of the Mycenaean pal- aces, with its famed Lion Gate and the Cyclopean walls mentioned in writings by Homer. In addition to a variety of pots, other objects found at this ancient site include ivory carvings, golden ornaments, bronze weapons, jewelry and household ar- tifacts. Many of these were found in shaft graves, including the golden mask of Agamemnon, which is be- lieved to be the actual death mask of this storied king. Te mask is on display at the National Archaeolog- ical Museum in Athens.

Olympia, Peloponnese Te Olympic Games were

© Ellie Crystal

Epidaurus, Peloponnese

In what has been called the most beautiful theater in the ancient world, the great comedies and trag- edies are still performed at this site during a summer festival. In addi- tion, Epidaurus is one of the most important ancient sites in Greece, 26 |

born here in this land sacred to Zeus, the father of gods and man. At this site stood one of the wonders of the ancient world, the enormous gold and ivory statue of Zeus, created by Pheidias. Te Temple of Zeus was the crowning glory within the center of Olympia. Today, just the column bases and tumbled rubble remain. Tourists from around the world visit this site year-round, making it one of the most visited places in the Pelo- ponnese. Adjacent to this excavation site is the Olympia Archaeological Museum. Exhibits in the museum

| Summer 2015

are arranged in chronological order in 12 different viewing rooms. Be sure to visit them all in order.

Sounion, Attica Site of the majestic temple

of Poseidon, which was completed in 440 B.C., this is located on At- tica’s southernmost peninsula, Cape Sounion. Te temple dedicated to Poseidon was constructed here be- cause it was the last piece of land to be seen by adventurers heading out to sea, and it was the first piece of land that Athenians could see when returning home. Today, just rem- nants of the temple remain. Te statue of Poseidon has been removed and now has a home in the National Museum of Archaeology in Athens. Popular with tourists, daily excur- sions from Athens visit the site, ac- cessible via a picturesque highway.

Vergina, Macedonia Te underground tomb that

is now a museum was discovered in 1977. It was determined that the bones within the exquisite gold box adorned with the Macedonian Sun were that of Philip II, father of Al- exander the Great. Tis site should be among the current wonders of the world, for its exquisite gold finds, rare paintings and splendid execution. Just a short walk down the road from Philip’s tomb, visitors will find a site known as the Mace- donian Tombs. Highlights inside these tombs include solid marble doors and a marble throne, truly fit for a king. Te findings nearly 40 years ago brought international fame to the town as the burial site of the kings of Macedon.

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