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‘The Best’ Continues to Improve from Page 18

vehicle flow. Hourly parking areas are on Levels 2 and 3, convenient to the pedway. Daily parking is available on all four parking levels.

• Exiting parkers are separated from entering parkers via an internal express ramp that provides an easy flow to the cashier plaza.

• Pedestrian flow to and from the Parkade is through a tun- nel, a covered bridge, or an overhead pedway for safety and comfort from various weather conditions.

• All parking stalls are provided on flat floors for wayfind- ing and convenience.

To ensure patron understanding of this major addition to the

airport, HIAA staff members and local volunteers served as “ParkingAmbassadors” to assist travelers with instructions and directions during the first few months of operation.

Precast Concrete Parkade The Parkade, a totally precast-concrete structure, incorpo-

rates 10-foot-by-60-foot prestressed, pre-topped double tees, pre- stressed beams, precast columns and precast façade panels. The typical floor-to-floor height is 11 feet 6 inches. The 60-foot struc- tural bays are oriented toward the terminal to provide comfort- able parker pedestrian flow and the desired ready/return rental car operations on Level 1. This orientation also allows for ease of a future horizontal expansion to the west. This creative façade of the Parkade combines a layout of

attractive buff-colored precast concrete panels, which appear to have a basket-weave look, with a woven stainless steel fabric on the side facing the terminal. This fabric creates an open and safe feeling for patrons.

Control Airport Access Without Eliminating It from Page 16

Fire or other formats, allowing them to be read with both long- range UHF readers and short-range proximity readers. However, this does not leave the microwave range out in the cold. Some manufacturers have boosters capable of reading and

transmitting these “combi-smart cards” up into the 2.45 GHz range to gain added security and resistance to interference. This opens yet another realm of integration, because a single creden- tial allows for much more versatility and facilitates the flow of access all the way from the vehicle into the building. By adding the availability of combi-smart cards, yet another

layer of integration becomes possible. Allowing technology such as a taxi management system that identifies driver and vehicle, accurate congestion-based and pay-for-access pricing can be applied seamlessly without slowing traffic flow. With this versatile capability, airports can now design and

manage complex traffic, taxi and parking management systems in a multitude of ways that best fit the physical parameters of the facili- ty, without requiring a multitude of credentials to be dispersed. For example, at Helsinki Airport in Finland, a lack of physi-

cal space relative to passenger volumes requires that taxis be brought into a staging area before on-site dispatch to the termi- nal for access. In this scenario, the collected RFID information is used not only for billing, but also as a time log for the staging process, ensuring fairness and efficiency for customer and serv- ice provider.

20 In a more advanced integration, as exemplified at London’s

HeathrowAirport, where physical space and volumes are such to allow both direct-flow taxi access to the terminal and use of a staging area, dual -ID capability is tied into the security, audit and billing programs. By doing so, the airport operators are able to ensure, for

example, that only authorized drivers in authorized taxis have access at allotted times. This improves security and enhances fair- ness of access, but it also creates a rock-solid audit chain in the case of billing discrepancies. As for this side of the Atlantic, a sim- ilar project is being explored at the San Francisco airport, as well as at a few other U.S. facilities. Will this mean yet another revolution in access con-

trol? Possibly. For years, many in the security and parking industries have

looked for a way to integrate perimeter-to-building access seamlessly. Now that this technology has arrived and integra- tions are starting to take place, perhaps the question is not so much if, but when.

Craig Wilson is Marketing and PRManager for Tuxen & Associates, agent for Nedap AVI in the Americas. He can be reached at

PT Parking Today

Precast concrete was selected to achieve the desired 13-

month construction schedule throughout the challenging Cana- dian winter conditions. The cost of the five level Parkade was approximately $55 million, which does include a complete 15,000-square-foot Customer Service Facility for rental car patrons. Out-to-out plan dimensions are 300 feet by 604 feet.

Additional Project Features A complete parking revenue control/vehicle count system

was provided. It contains machine-read tickets, pay-on-foot sta- tions, a credit card in/out option, and an automatic vehicle iden- tification (AVI) payment option called MACPASS Plus. Six entry lanes and eight exit lanes are provided. One cashier plaza lane will be staffed 24 hours per day. Pedestrian flow from the terminal arrival level (baggage) to

the Parkade will be through a comfortable, climate-controlled tunnel below the departure level roadway. Pedestrian flow from the Parkade to the terminal will be

through an overhead pedway, which will also provide climate- controlled linkage to the future on-site hotel.

Parking Rate and Revenue Study The consulting firm also was asked to develop future park-

ing revenue projections incorporating a variety of parking charges coupled with three alternative passenger growth rates over a 10-year period. Parking system user statistics were utilized to develop the HSIA Parking Revenue Model so as to analyze the numerous alternative revenue projections.

William C. Arons, P.E., a Senior Vice President at Walker Parking Consultants, has been involved in airport parking consulting and design for many years. Contact him at


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