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Potential biofuels output in Uganda Billions of litres Sugarcane Maize 75.4 27.2 Oil palm 14.6


Jatropha curcas


12.7


Million tonnes of feedstock


909 76.2 Figure 4.2 Potential biofuel output Uganda


Such agro-environmental mapping is key to ensuring that bioenergy delivers on its green economy potential.


Africa Reporting Project (2010) Biofuels take root in Uganda as experts warn of severe hunger http://africareportingproject.org/2010/03/08/biofuels-take-root-in-uganda-as-experts-warn-of-severe- hunger/ New Scientist (2007) Biofuel plantations fuel strife in Uganda www.newscientist.com/article/ dn11671-biofuel-plantations-fuel-strife-in-uganda.html The Guardian (2009) Oil find sparks new hope for Uganda’s people www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/aug/25/uganda-oil-find-energy-companies


Figure 4.3 Suitability by crop type in Uganda 73.2 63.6 Source: Narl-Kwanda/NEMA, The potential of biofuel in Uganda, 2010.


The research community, business leaders and government representatives have all pointed to a number of measures, which can reduce potential pressures and impacts while maximising benefits. These include steps to increase resource productivity and efficiency, to foster sustainable land approaches, implement strategies to reduce carbon emission, and target energy access to achieve development goals. In considering the economic efficiency of the overall energy mix, qualifiers such as less water input, improved local access, and the effects and impacts compared with alternative energy sources should be examined; and when appropriate, safeguards should be applied. Choosing the appropriate means to provide bioenergy, and energy as a whole, is often about trade-offs.


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