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Biofuels production and forest area variation in selected countries


Forest area variation, 1990-2005


5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35%


-25% -20% -15% -10% -5% 0


Spain


Biofuel production, 2008 Million litres


36 000 25 000


Italy


3 700 750


United States


France Germany


Canada 2% 4% Malaysia Argentina Thailand Brazil


Russia 6%


India Oil crops


Per capita GDP growth, 2005


8% 10%


Cereals Oil palm Grass Woody


Change in biodiversity


As Mean Species Abundance variation High


Indonesia


Sources: Mongabay, World Bank and Biofuel Platform web databases.


Figure 3.2.4 Biofuels production and forest area variation in selected countries


Extreme (-0.9)


Nt M Moderate (-0.4 to -0.3)(-0.3 to -0.2) Neutral (No variation) Positive (+0.1 to +0.2) No data Note: Mean Species Abundance ranges between 1.0 and 0.1; when the variation is negative there’s a biodiversity loss, if positive there’s a gain.


Source: FAO, Bioenergy Environmental Impact Analysis (BIAS)-Conceptual Framework. Study prepared by Oeko-Institut, IFEU and Copernicus Institute for FAO, 2011 (in press).


Figure 3.2.5 Impact of land conversion on biodiversity 33 China Oil crops


Cereals Oil palm


Grass Woody


LAND USE


Undisturbed natural


vegetation


Disturbed natural


vegetation Existing


cropland or grassland


Set aside land


Marginal land


Abandoned land


Impact of land conversion on biodiversity Short-term impact of land conversion


IN TROPICAL REGIONS


IN TEMPERATE REGIONS


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