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Key factors of the Brazilian biofuel sector 2009


Third oil crisis 2005 Flex-fuel cars 2000


4% blend (biodiesel)


National programme on biodiesel


Millions of cubic metres


3% blend (biodiesel)


1995


20 - 25% blend (ethanol)


ethanol biodiesel


1990


Price of ethanol same as price of petrol


1985


22% blend (ethanol)


More than 90% of Brazilian cars run on ethanol


1980


4.5% blend (ethanol)


1973 1975


0 5 10 15


National programme on ethanol


20 Millions of cubic metres


Sources: Brazilian Government, Department for Agriculture, Anuário Estatístico de Agroenergia, 2009; Brazilian Oil Agency (ANP), online database.


Figure 2.8 Key factors of the Brazilian biofuel sector Figure 2.9 Brazilian biofuels: infrastructure and crops 15 25


First oil crisis 30


Second oil crisis


15% blend (ethanol)


Sources: Brazilian Government, Department for Agriculture, Anuário Estatístico de Agroenergia, 2009; Brazilian Oil Agency (ANP), online database.


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